Different types of adjuvants in prophylactic and therapeutic human papillomavirus vaccines in laboratory animals: a systematic review

AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical carcinoma, which and is the third most common cancer, accounting for 275,000 deaths annually worldwide. Adjuvants have a key role in promotion of vaccine efficacy; therefore, using prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines combined with adjuvant could be of great benefit in prevention and treatment of cervical cancer. There are different types of adjuvants, including MF59TM adjuvants, RNA-based, JY (interleukin2/chitosan), cholera toxin (CT), heat-labile enterotoxin (LT), Freund ’s adjuvant, alum, SA-4-1BBL, λ-carrageenan (λ-CGN), heat shock proteins (HSPs), juzen-taiho-to (JTT) and hochu-ekki-to (HET), ISCOM and ISCOMATRIX™, very small size proteoliposomes (VSSPs), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Adjuvants ha ve various functions, especially in therapeutic vaccines, and they lead to an increase in cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), so they are important in the design of vaccines. Here, we review the currently used adjuvants and their combinations with HPV protein vaccines in order to introduce an appropriat e adjuvant for HPV vaccines.
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Journal of the American Society of CytopathologyAuthor(s): Haiyan Lu, Tarik M. Elsheikh, Yaxia ZhangBackfroundPolyoma virus cytopathic effect (BK-CPE) is classified as “Negative for high-grade urothelial carcinoma (NHGUC)” in the Paris System for Reporting Urinary Cytology (TPS). However, polyomaviruses have been historically associated with tumor development and recently reported as an independent risk factor for renourinary carcinoma in transplant patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between polyomavirus infection in the ...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the frequency of MCN is higher in middle-aged women, being the location in the distal pancreas and the percentage of malignancy is low. Laparoscopic surgery is a disease management option. PMID: 31967260 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: . According to ENDES 2017, Peru and none of its regions achieved 95.0% coverage for the first and booster doses. Growth and development monitoring in public sector facilities is associated with measles vaccination in terms of first and booster doses. PMID: 31967252 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lancellotti P, De Pauw M, Claeys M Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer represent the two main causes of death in industrialised countries. Both share common risk factors (diabetes, obesity, hypertension, diet, smoking, etc.). The associated timing of CVD and cancer onset is thus largely influenced by modifiable risk factors. Advances in cancer treatment have extended the lives of patients with cancer, but for some at the cost of adverse cardiovascular events. The rapidly growing number of patients surviving cancer, often in the setting of advanced age, new or pre-existing CV disease and risk f...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Wang S, Yu J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/ol.2019.10806.]. PMID: 31966087 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Miyagi Y, Takehara K, Nagayasu Y, Miyake T Abstract The aim of the present study was to explore the feasibility of using deep learning, such as artificial intelligence (AI), to classify cervical squamous epithelial lesions (SILs) from colposcopy images combined with human papilloma virus (HPV) types. Among 330 patients who underwent colposcopy and biopsy performed by gynecological oncologists, a total of 253 patients with confirmed HPV typing tests were enrolled in the present study. Of these patients, 210 were diagnosed with high-grade SIL (HSIL) and 43 were diagnosed with low-grade SIL (LSIL). An origina...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wang XQ, Zheng Y, Fang PF, Song XB Abstract The lack of reliable plasma biomarkers limits their use in the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The current study aimed to determine whether plasma nesfatin-1 can be used as a novel non-invasive biomarker for the diagnosis of GC. The levels of nesfatin-1 in 40 patients with GC and 40 healthy individuals, who were selected from the Chaohu Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, were assessed. ELISA was used for the measurement of plasma nesfatin-1 levels, while immunohistochemistry was applied to determine Ki67 protein expression in GC and normal gastric...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Ren L, Li Y, Zhao Q, Fan L, Tan B, Zang A, Yang H Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent types of cancer among women that leads to millions of deaths worldwide every year. The mechanisms of breast cancer pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been reported that aberrant expression of miR-519, is associated with breast cancer development; however, the effects of miR-519 on breast cancer cell proliferation remain unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether miR-519 could regulate breast cancer cell proliferation. A total of 20 pairs of primary breast cancer and adjacent normal t...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nardone V, Tini P, Pastina P, Botta C, Reginelli A, Carbone SF, Giannicola R, Calabrese G, Tebala C, Guida C, Giudice A, Barbieri V, Tassone P, Tagliaferri P, Cappabianca S, Capasso R, Luce A, Caraglia M, Mazzei MA, Pirtoli L, Correale P Abstract Immune checkpoint blockade is an emerging anticancer strategy, and Nivolumab is a human mAb to PD-1 that is used in the treatment of a number of different malignancies, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), kidney cancer, urothelial carcinoma and melanoma. Although the use of Nivolumab prolongs survival in a number of patients, this treatment is hampered b...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Vaccines | Carcinoma | Cervical Cancer | Cervical Cancer Vaccine | Cholera | Genital Warts | Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | Laboratory Medicine | Vaccines | Veterinary Vaccinations | Virology