Antireflux mucosectomy for managing reflux symptoms in an obese patient post laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

We describe this unusual case which was treated effectively with ARMS. PMID: 31791169 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of reviewBariatric surgery and endoluminal bariatric therapies (EBTs) form an increasingly utilized therapeutic approach to treat obese patients but may worsen gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this updated article, we review the evidence on the effects of bariatric procedures on GERD.FindingsRecent evidence implicates sleeve gastrectomy with the highest rates of de novo GERD and Barrett ’s esophagus (BE), whereas malabsorptive-restrictive procedures such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) were shown to have significantly lower reported rates. The int...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There was no significant improvement in the patient GERD symptoms increasing the dose of oral esomeprazole during the 6 months of study. N-of-1 trials in chronic pathologies including GERD are recommended due to their potential value as systematic methods that evaluate therapies without strong scientific evidence. PMID: 31929980 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
ConclusionsSADI-S appears to be a safe bariatric surgical procedure with favorable outcomes at 2  years in the Australian population.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: The postoperative prevalence of GERD, esophagitis, and BE following SG is significant. Symptoms do not always correlate with the presence of pathology. As the surgical uptake of SG continues to increase, there is a need to ensure that surgical decision-making and the consent process for this procedure consider these long-term complications while also ensuring their postoperative surveillance through endoscopic and physiological approaches. The long-term outcomes of this commonly performed bariatric procedure should be considered alongside its weight loss and metabolic effects.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth LRYGB and LSG have comparative effect on resolving T2DM in nonseverely obese patients at midterm follow-up. Further RCTs should address the potential risks and long-term effects of LRYGB and LSG in nonseverely obese patients.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionLBPD/DS or DJB as revision surgery appears to be effective for further weight loss in the medium term, and LRYGB appears to be effective for GERD remission. Bariatric surgeons should bear in mind, however, that the post-LRYGB complication rate appears to be relatively high.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with EE had a statistically significant resolution after GBP. BE was improved or even resolved in many patients without acquiring significance but also without progression. Long-term surveillance data is necessary to define the certain evolution of EE and BE after GBP.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Studies have attempted to identify prognostic indicators for successful outcomes following bariatric surgery for obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether the degree of obesity affects outcomes in patients who are morbidly obese (basal metabolic index, BMI, 40-49.9 kg/m2), super-obese (BMI 50-59.9 kg/m2) and super-super-obese (BMI greater than 60 kg/m2) undergoing restrictive or malabsorptive bypass procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was undertaken to include all consecutive laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands ...
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur meta-analysis suggests that LSG is an effective procedure for weight reduction that offers durable response for up to 5  years among Asians with obesity. The longer-term data is needed.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the role of TPG in the physiopathology of GERD in obese individuals.MethodsWe studied 47 unselected consecutive candidates for bariatric operations (body mass index (BMI)>  35). All patients underwent high-resolution manometry and esophageal pH monitoring. Individuals were grouped as GERD + or GERD − based on DeMeester score. Abdominal pressure (AP) and thoracic pressure (TP), transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient (AP-TP), and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) reten tion pressure (LES basal pressure-TPG) were determined. Manometric variables were compared with a group of 20 lean he...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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