Rupture, Re-Intervention and Loss to Follow Up Following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) – Ten-Year Data Following Elective Repair
Introduction - Late survival is similar after open and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), despite lower perioperative mortality with EVAR1,2. Further re-interventions for graft complications are however more common following EVAR compared with open repair3. Long-term surveillance imaging is required following endovascular treatment to identify and treat complications. A significant proportion of patients have historically been found to become lost to surveillance efforts4 and have previously been found to have worse outcomes as a result 5.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening disease, and the only curative treatment relies on open or endovascular repair. The decision to treat relies on the evaluation of the risk of AAA growth and rupture, which can be difficult to assess in practice. Artificial intelligence (AI) has revealed new insights into the management of cardiovascular diseases, but its application in AAA has so far been poorly described. The aim of this review was to summarize the current knowledge on the potential applications of AI in patients with AAA.
This study aimed to clarify the impact of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) on clinical outcomes in Japanese patients of advanced age with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA).
ConclusionsWhole-aorta tMIP-CTA on time-resolved imaging is useful for maintaining contrast enhancement and image quality for EVAR planning, and can substantially reduce the amount of CM.
Existing data regarding endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) are conflicting in their findings. The purpose of this paper was to determine the long-term outcomes of EVAR vs open surgical repair (OSR) for treatment of rAAA.
ConclusionsAlthough endovascular procedures for repairing juxtarenal AAAs, such as fenestrated EVAR, have been developed, surgical repair is the standard treatment for juxtarenal AAAs. Morbidity and mortality due to open surgery were not higher in the juxtarenal AAA group than in the infrarenal AAA group. Therefore, need for suprarenal clamp should not preclude OSR and also there is continued need for training in surgical exposure of juxtarenal AAA and OSR.
Local market competition has been previously associated with more aggressive surgical decision making. For example, more local competition for organs is associated with acceptance of lower quality kidney offers in transplant surgery. We hypothesized that market competition would be associated with size of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) at time of elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
We read with interest Mr Armon's letter and we agree with his notion that the pendulum may have already swung too far in some instances in favour of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We're all witnessing irrational use of EVAR and subsequent bad outcomes related to poor patient/anatomy selection. However, this cannot justify abandonment of EVAR. This is a good reason to initiate measures for the appropriateness of care, and to monitor and inform users of their poor anatomy selection or outcomes (outliers amongst their peers) through the existing quality initiatives (e.g.
In their editorial on the (unpublished) National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) guidelines, Liapis et al. argue that these swing the pendulum too far in favour of open surgery,1 but in doing so fail to acknowledge that the balance may already have swung too far in favour of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients eligible for AAA repair present with baseline erectile and sexual dysfunction. Laparoscopic AAA repair provides no onset of erectile or sexual dysfunction but a global improvement after surgery. Ejaculation troubles are frequent and persistent at 1 year. However, EVAR treatment, doesn't allow recovering of sexual function at 1 year. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4. PMID: 31959570 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsStriking differences in the relative numbers of unruptured AAA repairs and in the population characteristics in various districts of the country point to the possibility of different health needs in the regions and variations in standards of care.