“They Kept Away”: Social Isolation of Cisgender Women Living with HIV in Hyderabad, India

AbstractSocial isolation of cisgender women living with HIV has been recognized as a barrier to early detection of the virus, disclosure of HIV status to partners, and access to healthcare and social work services. The goal of this study is to explore how social isolation and depression affect cisgender women living with HIV in Hyderabad, India. Sixteen cisgender women living with HIV were asked to complete in-depth interviews regarding their experiences with HIV stigma and depression. All interviews were digitally audio-recorded in Hindi or Telugu, then translated, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic content analysis by two to three coders. Three main themes emerged from the qualitative interviews among these cisgender women living with HIV: (1) “They kept away”: Experiences with social isolation; (2) “I thought people would think badly about me”: Perceived experiences of discrimination; and (3) “I will live till I die”: Suicidality, resilience, and gaining hope. Our findings reinforce the need for emphasis on culturally appropr iate interventions for depression for cisgender women living with HIV in India, including greater access to mental health resources, greater availability of trained counselors that share the same gender and are native speakers of Hindi or Telugu, and increased family and community support for social ly isolated individuals.
Source: Clinical Social Work Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionsOverall, our results demonstrated that abnormalities of FC in perception systems including intrinsic visual and auditory networks may explain neurobiological mechanisms underlying MDD and could serve as a potential effective biomarker.
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Filip Kosel, Jessica M.S. Pelley, Tamara B. FranklinAbstractTransgenic mouse models have been used extensively to model the cognitive impairments arising from Alzheimer’s disease (AD)-related pathology. However, less is known about the relationship between AD-related pathology and the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) commonly presented by patients. This review discusses the BPSD-like behaviours recapitulated by several mouse models of AD-related pathology, including the APP/PS1, Tg2576...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Helena Palma-Gudiel, Aldo Córdova-Palomera, Víctor Navarro, Lourdes FañanásAbstractMonozygotic (MZ) twin studies constitute a key resource for the dissection of environmental and biological risk factors for human complex disorders. Given that epigenetic differences accumulate throughout the lifespan, the assessment of MZ twin pairs discordant for depression offers a genetically informative design to explore DNA methylation while accounting for the typical confounders of the field, shared ...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
DISCUSSION AND LIMITATIONS: Groups with relatively low socioeconomic status are at risk of higher costs for antidepressant use. However, given the Swedish system of drug subsidies, differences in financial burden for individuals are minor. The limitations of this study included that we lacked data on diagnosis and could therefore not categorize the reasons for AD consumption. Furthermore, our results may not be generalized to other countries with a lower AD prevalence then Sweden's, since our estimates are dependent on the point prevalence of antidepressant use in the population. IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH CARE PROVISION ...
Source: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Ment Health Policy Econ Source Type: research
ConclusionFor the first time our study demonstrates the distinct action of E. carinatus and N. naja venoms on the process of NETosis. NETosis being a newly explored area in snake venom pharmacodynamics, it is important to study its impact on the various pathophysiological properties induced by snake venoms.SignificanceUnderstanding the varied actions of snake venoms on neutrophils/blood cells and the role of DNase are likely to provide insights for better management of snakebite pathophysiology.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: New Scientist, Volume 245, Issue 3269Author(s):
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn integrated collaborative care intervention for obesity and depression that was shown previously to improve weight and depressive symptoms may also confer benefits for quality of life and psychosocial functioning over 6 months.Trial registrationThis study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov NCT02246413.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Fan Li, Tao ZhouAbstractEnvironmental pollution has become an increasingly severe problem in recent years and has aroused extensive concern. However, the influences of environmental factors on human well-being, especially their internal paths and causality, have received little research. Using cross-sectional data from the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) for 2016, together with data on air, water, and solid waste pollution, this study explored the critical paths and causality of the influences of objective (actual) and subje...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsChildhood maltreatment is positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI and may be mediated by self-esteem. Interventions aimed at reducing NSSI associated with childhood maltreatment may be enhanced by efforts to strengthen self-esteem, especially in boys and only children.
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Kim M. LerschAbstractThe purpose of this research is twofold: first, the spatial distribution of 911 emergency calls for service to the police for suicides in progress and threats of suicide in the City of Detroit, Michigan will be explored to determine whether these events exhibit different patterns of spatial clustering. Second, this research will explore the utility of Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM) to assist in our understanding of the locations of calls for service to the police related to suicide threats and suicides in pro...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
More News: Depression | India Health | Men | Psychology | Study | Women