Consultation prevalence among children, adolescents and young adults with pain conditions: A description of age ‐ And gender differences

AbstractBackgroundPain is a common complaint presented in healthcare, but most epidemiological pain research has focused either on single pain conditions or on the adult population. The aim of this study was to investigate the 2017 consultation prevalence of a wide range of pain conditions in the general population of young people.MethodsWe used the Sk åne Healthcare Register, covering prospectively collected data on all healthcare delivered (primary and secondary care) to the population in the region of Skåne, southern Sweden (population 2017n = 1,344,689). For individuals aged 1–24 in 2017 (n = 373,178), we calculated the consultation prevalence, stratified by sex and age, and the standardised morbidity ratio (SMR) to assess overall healthcare consultation.ResultsA total of 58,981 (15.8%) individuals consulted at least once for any of the predefined pain conditions. Of these, 13.5% (n = 7,996) consulted four or more times for pain. Abdominal pain, joint pain/myalgia, headache and back/neck pain were the most common complaints. Overall, females had higher consultation prevalence than males: 17.6% versus 14.1% (p 
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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This study aims to test the hypothesis that induced spinal sensitization could be more pronounced in patients affected by high-frequency migraine (HF-MIG) with respect to low-frequency migraine (LF-MIG). We enrolled 28 patients with LF-MIG (1-5 migraine days/month), 19 patients with HF-MIG (6-14 migraine days/month), and 21 healthy controls (HCs). Spinal sensitization was evaluated with the neurophysiological recording of the temporal summation threshold (TST) of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex at the lower limb. Temporal summation threshold was recorded at baseline and 30, 60, and 120 minutes after NTG administration (0...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Authors: Kanno H, Yoshizumi T, Nakazato N, Shinonaga M Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An epidural blood patch (EBP) is a highly effective therapy for spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. However, the factors predicting the response to an EBP have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to elucidate factors predicting the response to an EBP. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the relationship between the response to an EBP and clinical variables of 118 patients with spinal CSF leakage, such as patient age, sex, etiology, interval from the onset to EBP application, CSF opening pressure (OP),...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPost dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a relatively common complication which may occur in the setting of inadvertent dural puncture (DP) during labor epidural analgesia and during intentional DP during spinal anesthetic placement or diagnostic lumbar puncture. Few publications have established the long-term safety of an epidural blood patch (EBP) for the treatment of a PDPH.Recent FindingsThe aim of this pilot study was to examine the association of chronic low back pain (LBP) in patients who experienced a PDPH following labor analgesia and were treated with an EBP. A total of 146 patients were co...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Comorbid GAD + back pain and GAD + migraine have a unique association with nonmedical opioid use in Canadians compared to GAD only, and chronic pain multimorbidity may be driving this relationship. Results emphasize the need for screening for substance misuse and prescription access in the context of GAD and comorbid chronic pain. PMID: 31896273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
We present the design for and discuss the feasibility of a pragmatic, randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of a multimodal manual therapy (MT) treatment compared to usual care by the general practitioner (GP) for the prophylactic treatment of migraine.MethodsEligible participants will be recruited in primary care using the International Classification of Headache Disorders III criteria for migraine of the International Headache Society. Participants will be randomized to either multimodal MT treatment or usual care provided by the GP. GPs will be asked to treat the usual care group according to the Dutch GP gui...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Chayasirisobhon S Abstract Cannabis plant has the scientific name called Cannabis sativa L. Cannabis plant has many species, but there are three main species including Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Over 70 compounds isolated from cannabis species are called cannabinoids (CBN). Cannabinoids produce over 100 naturally occurring chemicals. The most abundant chemicals are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). THC is psychotropic chemical that makes people feel "high" while CBD is nonpsychotropic chemical. However, cannabinoid chemicals are not found only...
Source: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Neurol Taiwan Source Type: research
Brucellosis is a zoonotic multi-organ infectious disease most frequent in developing countries. Neurobrucellosis a quite rare but serious complication of brucellosis in the pediatric age group manifests with different neurological symptoms and signs. In the present case a 9-year-old girl was referred to our centre with a 9-months history of headache and back pain, facial nerve palsy and right upper limb weakness. She had undergone ventriculoperitoneal shunting surgery due to communicating hydrocephalus. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a spinal extramedullary intradural mass, two epidural collections in the cervical spi...
Source: Journal of Radiology Case Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Our speedy, success-oriented culture pressures us to work faster, harder, better. This is troublesome for many, but it’s particularly tough for those who are pleasers. Why? Because pleasers are inclined to say “yes” to so much. Add on the cultural command to do, do, do, and life can easily spin out of control. Though others may think of you as a workaholic, the dizzying array of tasks you take on may not be because you can’t stop working but because it’s tough for you to say “no” to others. Though many media stories try to convince you that you can have it all and do...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Stress Burnout Calm Relaxation Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThis is the first known study to investigate chiropractic care of older adults living with neck pain. Chiropractors report using well-established conservative techniques to manage neck pain in older adults. Our findings also indicate that this target group of patients may frequently integrate chiropractic care with other health services in order to manage their neck pain. Further research should provide in-depth investigation of older patients ’ experience and other patient-reported outcomes of chiropractic treatment.
Source: Chiropractic and Manual Therapies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) is characterized by congenital fusion of the cervical vertebrae. Due to its rarity, minimal research has been done to assess the quality and management of pain associated with this disorder. Using a large global database, the authors report a detailed analysis of the type, location, and treatment of pain in patients with KFS. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Coordination of Rare Diseases at Stanford registry and Klippel-Feil Syndrome Freedom registry. The cervical fusions were categorized into Samartzis type I, II, or III. The independent-sample t-test, Wilc...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
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