Five Hurdles to Localizing Global Development —and How NGOs Can Help Overcome Them

By Pape Amadou Gaye, President and Chief Executive OfficerNovember 27, 2019Just 20 years ago, we could hardly imagine an AIDS-free generation. And the idea that poor countries would no longer rely on foreign aid to care for their people was inconceivable.But today, I believe both are in sight.The entire field of global health and development is shifting. Major funders, such as the U.S. government, are pushing ahead with an approach called localization, wherein countries manage their own foreign aid, mobilize their own public and private revenues, and eventually become self-reliant.This is what so many of us in nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have spent our careers working toward. But it will change how we do business.As NGOs adapt to localization, they can also help transform our outdated model of development and move us toward the goal of universal health coverage, including services that are affordable, accessible and acceptable to all, no matter their social status or where they live.NGOs can help localization succeed. But we will have to overcome five big challenges to do it.1. An Outdated Model Today’s development model favors a top-down approach— large global associations identify the big issues, set the global agenda, and pass those priorities down to individual countries (the sustainable development goals are a great example). This approach has brought us incredible progress. In 25 years, we went from a staggering 1.9 billion peo...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Leadership and Governance Policy & Advocacy Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe original English version of the SRE was successfully adapted to Portuguese. The Portuguese version of SRE constitutes a valid research instrument for evaluating racial discrimination.
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractThis exploratory research addressed the question, among rural Mississippi African American Baptist pastors, what is the impact of attitudes toward HIV/AIDS on the development of HIV/AIDS programs in the church? It was hypothesized that empathetic attitudes toward HIV make programming more likely. The study used Froman and Owen ’s AIDS Attitude Scale (AAS) and a demographic questionnaire, which included a measure that assessed potential program development. A sample of more than 300 African American pastors participated. The findings suggested that there is a significant relationship between rural Mississippi ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 18–24 January 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10219Author(s): George Wharton, Omar E Ali, Siddiq Khalil, Hatim Yagoub, Elias Mossialos
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Veronica Elizabeth Mata, Sonia Regina Lambert Passos, Maria Angelica Borges dos Santos, Sibelle Nogueira Buonora, Carlos Augusto Ferreira de Andrade, Monique da Rocha Queiroz Lima, Betina Moreira Costa, Yara Hahr Marques HökerbergAbstractBackgroundAlthough performance of rapid immunochromatographic tests (RITs) for dengue virus (DENV) serotypes 1, 2 and 3 is relatively settled, evidence on accuracy of RITs for DENV-4 are based on studies with small sample sizes and with discrepant results.ObjectivesTo asses...
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe costs of healthcare-associated infection outbreaks of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria can be significant. The productivity loss was much greater than the containment costs. Therefore, hospitals should meet the costs for prevention of these outbreaks.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The recent outbreak of lung disease linked to vaping appears to be most prevalent...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: CDC confirms vitamin E acetate in vaping cases Vaping-related lung injury cases trending downward CT links vaping to ARDS in new case studies Imaging experts give insight on vaping-related lung injury Video from RSNA 2019: Vaping and lung disease
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
AbstractThe etiologies of undifferentiated fever in pregnant women have not been studied thoroughly. Because of its non-specific presentation but severe prognosis, listeriosis is often suspected in this setting, but in most cases not confirmed. We studied the causes of undifferentiated fever in pregnant women who received preemptive listeriosis treatment. We conducted from November 1, 2011, to June 30, 2013, a prospective multicentric observational cohort study of pregnant women referred to obstetrical wards with undifferentiated fever and who received listeriosis preemptive treatment. Clinical and biological features, tre...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Cell ReportsAuthor(s): Shaobo Wang, Qiong Zhang, Shashi Kant Tiwari, Gianluigi Lichinchi, Edwin H. Yau, Hui Hui, Wanyu Li, Frank Furnari, Tariq M. RanaSummaryWe perform a CRISPR-Cas9 genome-wide screen in glioblastoma stem cells and identify integrin αvβ5 as an internalization factor for Zika virus (ZIKV). Expression of αvβ5 is correlated with ZIKV susceptibility in various cells and tropism in developing human cerebral cortex. A blocking antibody against integrin αvβ5, but not αvβ3, efficiently inhibits ZIKV infection. ZI...
Source: Cell Reports - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringAuthor(s): Julian Andres Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge Adalberto Huerta-Ruelas, László T. Kóczy, Miklós F. Hatwágner, Silvia L. Chaparro-Cárdenas, Antonio Hernández-ZavalaAbstractLoad distribution analysis on foot surface allows knowing human mechanical behavior and aids the doctor in the detection of gait disorders like, the risk of foot ulcerations, leg discrepancy, and footprint alterations. Plantar pressure data combined with techniques that use integral reasoning produce easy un...
Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Federal authorities in three U.S. airports will begin screening travelers arriving from Wuhan, China, for signs they may be infected with a new coronavirus spreading in Asia.
Source: L.A. Times - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
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