New approach to treating CF reduces inflammation
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Publication date: Available online 5 April 2020Source: Respiratory Physiology &NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Nikolaos Chynkiamis, Matthew Armstrong, Emily Hume, Charikleia Alexiou, Lauren Snow, Nicholas D. Lane, Tom Hartley, Stephen C. Bourke, Ioannis Vogiatzis
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: Journal of Environmental PsychologyAuthor(s): Kati Peditto, Mardelle Shepley, Naomi Sachs, Jane Mendle, Anthony Burrow
This study delves into the mechanisms by which a short period of fasting can accelerate wound healing. Fasting triggers many of the same cellular stress responses, such as upregulated autophagy, as occur during the practice of calorie restriction. It isn't exactly the same, however, so it is always worth asking whether any specific biochemistry observed in either case does in fact occur in both situations. In particular, the period of refeeding following fasting appears to have beneficial effects that are distinct from those that occur while food is restricted. Multiple forms of therapeutic fasting have been repor...
CONCLUSION: There are already a small number of patients being admitted to ICUs in New Zealand "solely for possible organ donation", the majority following prior family discussion of donation. These patients occupy a small number of ICU bed-days and contribute ~15% of the deceased donation activity. Organ Donation New Zealand has developed and recently promulgated recommended best practice guidelines for clinicians in the ICU and emergency departments and is supporting expansion of the practice within the scope of these guidelines. PMID: 32242177 [PubMed - in process]
We present the case of a young female patient diagnosed through kidney biopsy with amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis after 30 years of evolution of FMF and we review the present knowledge regarding the pathogenesis and management of this rare genetic disease. PMID: 32239108 [PubMed - in process]
We examined the 30 recipient-donor pairs that underwent HSCT and showed that the panel can provide an informative marker from 90% of all pairs. An early detection of artificial chimerism in post-HSCT samples was observed when compared with STR analysis. In addition, the detail of cases was discussed.
ConclusionMorbidly obese ESKD patients have an equal weight loss to patients without ESKD. Bariatric surgery could improve access to kidney transplantation and may potentially improve transplantation outcomes of obese patients with ESKD.
The objective of this study was to design a PNA masking the binding site of the microRNA miR-145-5p present within the 3′UTR of the CFTR mRNA and to determine its activity in inhibiting miR-145-5p function, with particular focus on the expression of both CFTR mRNA and CFTR protein in Calu-3 cells. The results obtained support the concept that the PNA masking the miR-145-5p binding site of the CFTR mRNA is able to interfere with miR-145-5p biological functions, leading to both an increase of CFTR mRNA and CFTR protein content.
CONCLUSION: Fewer eligible donors in spite of an increase in brain-dead potential organ donors suggests that reduction in these donations resulted mainly from factors associated with family consent. Among such factors, implementation of the Life-sustaining Treatment Act appears to be most important. Abolition of family compensation and the incident in which a brain-dead donor's remains were mistreated may also have influenced family consent. PMID: 32242345 [PubMed - in process]
Poshmaal Dhar1 and Julie McAuley2* 1Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia The family of cell surface (cs-) mucins are constitutively expressed at the cell surface by nearly all epithelial cells, beneath the gel-mucin layer. All cs-mucin family members have structural features that enable them to act as a releasable decoy barrier to mucosal pathogens, by providing ligands for pathogen binding and the ability to shed the bound extracellular domain. Due ...