Imaging Safety and Technical Considerations in the Reproductive-aged Female

This article discusses the 4 main imaging modalities used to evaluate reproductive-aged women: ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy. For each modality, major clinical indications are described, along with important technical considerations unique to imaging reproductive-aged women. Finally, key safety issues are discussed, particularly with regard to imaging pregnant patients.
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 27 December 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Emma Flanagan, Sally BellAbstractImaging studies are useful in the diagnostic evaluation of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, concern often exists about the safety of imaging for pregnant and lactating women and their infants, leading to unwarranted avoidance of beneficial diagnostic tests or disruption of breastfeeding. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are not associated with ionizing radiation and are the imaging techniques of choice for pregnant patients. Safety of MRI contra...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 December 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Emma Flanagan, Sally BellAbstractImaging studies are useful in the diagnostic evaluation of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, concern often exists about the safety of imaging for pregnant and lactating women and their infants, leading to unwarranted avoidance of beneficial diagnostic tests or disruption of breastfeeding. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are not associated with ionizing radiation and are the imaging techniques of choice for pregnant patients. Safety of MRI contra...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractAcute gynaecologic disorders are commonly encountered in daily clinical practice of emergency departments (ED) and predominantly occur in reproductive-age women. Since clinical presentation may be nonspecific and physical findings are often inconclusive, imaging is required for a timely and accurate diagnosis. Although ultrasound is the ideal non-invasive first-line technique, nowadays multidetector computed tomography (CT) is extensively used in the ED, particularly when a non-gynaecologic disorder is suspected and differential diagnosis from gastrointestinal and urologic diseases is needed. As a result, CT often ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
There has been a substantial increase in the utilization of imaging, particularly of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), for the evaluation of patients with suspected urolithiasis over the past 2  decades. While the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography (CT) for urolithiasis is excellent, it has also resulted in substantial medical expenditures and increased ionizing radiation exposure. This is especially concerning in patients with known nephrolithiasis and in younger patients. This p ictorial review will focus on recent trends and controversies in imaging of patients with suspected urolithiasis, includin...
Source: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Trauma and Emergency Room Imaging / L'imagerie des urgences et des traumatismes Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2019Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRIAuthor(s): Lawrence Hsu Lin, Rodrigo Polizio, Koji Fushida, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira FranciscoAbstractGestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a spectrum of disorders characterized by abnormal trophoblastic proliferation. GTD includes benign conditions such as hydatidiform moles and malignant diseases that are referred as gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). Ultrasound plays a central role in the diagnosis of patients with hydatidiform mole. Other imaging modalities are useful in molar pregnancy, mainly for evaluating pulmonary...
Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSeveral treatment options for lymphangioma are available, with treatment selection being based on the location and size of the lymphangioma.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This article outlines the main findings in prenatal musculoskeletal disorders. Three main technologies are generally used to obtain images within the uterus during pregnancy: ultrasound (US), MR imaging, and computed tomography (CT). Currently, the primary imaging method used for fetal assessment during pregnancy is US because it is patient friendly, useful, cost-effective, and (considered) safe. MR imaging is generally performed when US yields equivocal results because it offers additional information about fetal abnormalities and conditions in situations in which US is unable to provide high-quality images.
Source: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsPrenatal ultrasound provides a clear differential diagnosis of fetal lymphangioma. Interventional therapy should be the first-choice treatment for neonates with a lymphangioma confirmed postnatally.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
This article reviews the normal placental appearance on ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and then discusses the different morphological appearance of placental and periplacental hematomas along with their mimics. Hematomas are classified based on the location as retroplacental, marginal subchorionic, preplacental (subamniotic), or intraplacental. Placenta-related bleeding is a common finding during first trimester ultrasound and its detection can help triage the pregnant females into low- and high-risk groups. This article reviews placenta related bleeding in the setting of trauma....
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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