The Psychological Impacts Of Poverty, Digested

This study, of 4,758 11-year-olds living in urban areas of England, found that children who lived in greener neighbourhoods performed better on tests of spatial working memory (an effect that held for both deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods). “Our findings suggest a positive role of greenspace in cognitive functioning,” commented researcher Eirini Flouri at University College London. What might this role be? Perhaps because it’s restful for the brain, and restores the ability to concentrate. Interventions that focus on the families of kids growing up in poverty should also help. The team that observed the PFC deficits thinks that in theory they could be prevented, or eliminated. Earlier work has shown that children in poor families hear about 30 million fewer words by the time they they are four than children from middle-class families. Just talking more to kids can boost prefrontal cortex performance, the team notes — so, they say, changing the developmental outcomes that they observed might involve something as simple as emphasising to all parents the importance of talking to their kids. Children raised in low socioeconomic status families also tend to go on to have relatively high rates of chronic illness in adulthood — but again, this isn’t inevitable. A nurturing, attentive and emotionally-supportive mother can buffer the impacts of poverty on physical health, finds a 2011 study led by G.E. Miller and published in Psychological S...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Feature Mental health Money Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): M. Zeller, E. Sales-Wuillemin, S. Guinchard, J. Chappé, F. Chagué, H. Ayari, M. Maza, C. Aboa-Eboule, C. Truchot, L. Lorgis, M. Giroud, Y. Cottin, Y. BéjotIntroductionConsidering the benefits of smoking cessation, and evolving new tobacco-product consumption, such as e-cigarettes (e-cig), contemporary behavioral and psychosocial factors (PSF) associated with smoking after acute stroke or myocardial infarction (MI) remain to be investigated.MethodsFrom INEV@L, a prospective pilot study in ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
(CNN) — It’s a difficult birth for this new decade. The year 2020 kicks off under the shadow of divisive politics, international security threats, a spate of hate crimes, and a planet in environmental peril, plus all the reasons we’re stressed individually: work, health problems, life changes and more. No wonder so many of us are anxious or depressed. But you can take scientifically validated steps to improve your mental outlook, and — because the mind and body are entwined — these behaviors also will improve your overall health. 1. Practice optimism The studies are positive: Looking on the br...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health CNN Mental Health Source Type: news
This study aimed to investigate the incidence of ED, sexual quality of life, and mental state of patients after stroke, as well as analyze the relevant risk factors affecting their psychological status. A total of 361 IS patients were enrolled. The international erectile function index-5 scale was used to diagnose ED. Accordingly, the patients were divided into ED group and non-ED group. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate the brain lesions of patients. We assessed neurological deficits by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and general anxiety disord...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
The dangers of alcohol begin at the first sip of the first drink. Although most responsible drinking habits shouldn’t be cause for major concern, everyone who drinks runs the risk of encountering the negative effects of alcohol. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans defines moderate drinking as up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men.  A single drink is considered as: 12 ounces of beer (5% alcohol content) 8 ounces of malt liquor (7% alcohol content) 5 ounces of wine (12% alcohol content) 1.5 ounces of 80-proof (40% alcohol content) distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility Alcoholics Anonymous Source Type: blogs
This study will contribute to the existing knowledge on how to treat psychological distress following acquired brain injury. If effective, BrainACT could be implemented in clinical practice and potentially help a large number of patients with acquired brain injury.Trial registrationDutch Trial Register, NL691, NTR 7111. Registered on 26 March 2018.https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/6916.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractDuring recovery, stroke patients are at risk of developing long-term complications that impact quality of life, including changes in body weight and composition, depression and anxiety, as well as an increased risk of subsequent vascular events. The aetiologies and time-course of these post-stroke complications have not been extensively studied and are poorly understood. Therefore, we assessed long-term changes in body composition, metabolic markers and behaviour after middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice. These outcomes were also studied in the context of obesity, a common stroke co-morbidity proposed to prote...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Post-stroke anxiety (PSA) and depression (PSD) constitute critical complications of stroke.1 Evidence suggests that an estimated 18% to 25% of stroke patients develop significant and persistent PSA, which is associated with co-morbid psychological stress (eg, depression) and debilitating consequences (eg, diminished quality of life).1-3 PSD, female sex, and cognitive impairment are factors commonly reported to be significantly associated with PSA.4 While there is a growing body of literature about familiar factors associated with PSA, most studies were conducted in relatively racially and ethnically homogenous populations.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Most people know that drinking alcohol to excess isn’t good for you, but does it mean you are an alcoholic? People who drink sometimes test limits and boundaries which could lead to binge drinking, whether intentional or unintentional. How can you tell if you’ve crossed the line between binge drinking and alcohol use disorder, and the answer to “is a binge drinker an alcoholic”? What Technically Is a Binge Drinker? The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings blood alcohol concentration (BAC) levels to 0.08 g/dL. This typically o...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Recovery Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility binge binge drinking Source Type: blogs
Abstract Dust storms are environmental natural events that transport high concentrations of particulate matter (PM) in living spaces. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that air pollution is associated with stroke. In the present study we aimed to investigate the probable protective effects of gallic acid (GA) on blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption, brain oxidative stress, anxiety, depression, locomotion behaviors, and changes of hippocampal local electroencephalogram (local EEG) power induced by 4-vessel transient occlusion (4VO I/R) following exposure to dusty PM in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided ra...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
ConclusionsAED use was common in nursing homes, with gabapentin most commonly used (presumably for pain). That multiple comorbidities were associated with AED use underscores the need for future studies to investigate the safety and effectiveness of AED use in nursing home residents.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
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