TB outbreak: Children urged to be tested for tuberculosis - symptoms to look out for

A TUBERCULOSIS outbreak has been reported in Carmarthenshire, Wales and parents are now being urged to have their children screened for the infection. What are the symptoms to look out for?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ConclusionThe case-finding delay should be reduced to prevent the spread in classes and schools. Effective surveillance and regulated screening for student contacts should be strengthened in schools to detect infections early.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Many nations lack access to affordable testing. Now 120m antigen tests will help tackle this dangerous inequalityCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThe principles of managing infectious disease outbreaks, whether of measles, tuberculosis or Covid-19, are similar. You identify who has been infected by testing for the disease, discover where they acquired the infection and who may have also been infected through contact tracing, and stop the spread by asking those affected to isolate. People who become infected are treated with therapies that modify the course of the disease.It sounds simple, d...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Medical research Science World news World Health Organization Source Type: news
Dog vaccination programs are the most effective way to prevent Rabies   Rabies is endemic to over 150 countries, and according to the World Health Organization, 99% of all transmissions to humans are from dogs, potentially bringing into question the animal’s status as the ‘man’s best friend’.  In Europe, southern Africa, and parts of North America, most cases are acquired from wild carnivores; mongooses, and vampire bats in Latin America and the Caribbean. In more recent years, humans have acquired rabies from inhalation of aerosols in bat caves, ingestion of dogs and cats for food, ticks...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Epidemiology News Source Type: blogs
We are interested in an article published in the journal recently, entitled "The potential impact of COVID-19-related disruption on tuberculosis burden". The study used a mathematical model to estimate the relative impact of reductions in social contacts and health services on tuberculosis (TB) burden due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. There included data and projections on China, being one of 22 high TB burden countries for both TB and multidrug-resistant TB cases. COVID-19, which has spread rapidly and enveloped most of the world, is a unique global public health crisis for the century. By...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Correspondence Source Type: research
This article focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child health in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the epidemiology of major pediatric diseases and, referencing modeling projections, discuss the short- and long-term impact of the pandemic on major disease control. We deliberate on potential complications of SARS-CoV-2 co-infections/co-morbidities and identify critical social and ethical issues. Furthermore, we highlight the paucity of COVID-19 data and clinical trials in this region and the lack of child participants in ongoing studies. Lastly, approaches and interventions to mitigate the pandemic's impact on chi...
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research
We read with great interest Lim et al's report,1 which showed a decreased incidence of pneumococcal disease in Singapore during the first 27 weeks in 2020 in the time of COVID-19. Although the collateral benefit of controlling COVID-19 for other common respiratory infectious diseases, such as influenza and tuberculosis in Taiwan have been demonstrated,2,3 the impact of the infection control and policy to prevent COVID-19 outbreak on pneumococcal disease remained unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine whether the incidence of pneumococcal disease in Taiwan would be decreasing as Lim et al's study in Singapore.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
ConclusionsEthiopia took several steps to detect, manage, and control COVID-19. More efforts are needed to increase testing capacity and bring about behavioral changes in the community. The country needs to put in place alternative options to mitigate interruptions of essential healthcare services and scientific researches of significant impact.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Since the beginning of SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in China, severe acute respiratory syndrome has been widely descripted. Hemoptysis has rarely been observed in SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Authors: Rossouw TM, Boswell MT, Nienaber AG, Moodley K Abstract Infectious diseases pandemics have devastating health, social and economic consequences, especially in developing countries such as South Africa. Scarce medical resources must often be rationed effectively to contain the disease outbreak. In the case of COVID-19, even the best-resourced countries will have inadequate intensive care facilities for the large number of patients needing admission and ventilation. The scarcity of medical resources creates the need for national governments to establish admission criteria that are evidence-based and fair. Qu...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
We present confirmatory evidence for the presence of TMPRSS2, CD147 and GRP78 protein in vitro in airway epithelial cells and confirm broad in situ protein expression of CD147 and GRP78 in the respiratory mucosa. Collectively, our data suggest the presence of a mechanism dynamically regulating ACE2 expression in human lung, perhaps in periods of SARS-CoV-2 infection, and also suggest that alternative receptors for SARS-CoV-2 exist to facilitate initial host cell infection.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Infectious disease Source Type: research
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