TB outbreak: Children urged to be tested for tuberculosis - symptoms to look out for

A TUBERCULOSIS outbreak has been reported in Carmarthenshire, Wales and parents are now being urged to have their children screened for the infection. What are the symptoms to look out for?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Ana C. Reis, Teresa Albuquerque, Ana Botelho, Mónica V. CunhaAbstractPortugal is one of the European Union countries with an ongoing eradication program for bovine tuberculosis (TB), which does not include systematic goat testing. However, surveillance in small ruminants is increasingly important, since goat and sheep can harbour Mycobacterium caprae and be an infection source to cattle with impact in the success of bovine TB control. Furthermore, the information regarding the epidemiology and biology of M. caprae is quite l...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Controlling human-to-human tuberculosis (TB) transmission is key for achieving the targets of the End TB Strategy set by the World Health Organization (WHO) [1, 2]. Stopping TB transmission, in large cities especially, is a challenging top priority worldwide [3]. Metropolitan areas have higher TB case notification rates than the rest of a country, as they concentrate high-risk groups, such as homeless people, drug users and migrants often from (other) high TB incidence settings. Opportunities for transmission are amplified by population density and complex social interactions, regularly leading to large, temporally extende...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Articles: Research letters Source Type: research
Measles, mumps, and tuberculosis—these are all diseases the general public has long disregarded as active threats. Yet, these highly infectious and potentially life-threatening diseases once considered eradicated have been resurfacing across the United States. Measles, for example, was declared eliminated in 2000 by the CDC, yet this year alone more than 1,200 individual cases have been confirmed in 30 states. This outbreak represents the greatest number of reported cases for the disease in the United States since 1992.1 While the ongoing anti-vaccination movement may not be the cause of these reappearanc...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Components Source Type: news
In recent years, tuberculosis outbreaks in schools have occurred more frequently in China than in other parts of the world, and have posed a public health threat to students and their families. This systematic...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Mohammad Hassan Nematollahi, Ramin Vatankhah, Mojtaba SharifiAbstractTuberculosis is one of deadly diseases in many countries that attacks to the human body and causes damage to the lung, causing bloody coughing and if left untreated, it will kill half of the affected people. Tuberculosis bacteria can stay latent and reactivate after passing appropriate conditions. For this reason, control of this disease and treatment of infected people has a significant importance, and observing health issues can prevent the spread of it. ...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the author of this paper mentioned that immunization gap needs to be handle systematically. Immunization data released on 2017 showed that complete immunization was given only to 20% of targeted group, while almost 75% were either unvaccinated or unknown. During the outbreak of diphteria in Indonesia, the WHO also reported several countries with similar problem such as Bangladesh, Haiti and Yamen. It was shown that a coordination between doctors in clinic/hospital with public health officer to conduct an epidemiological investigation, in conjunction with giving prophylaxis and assuring the logistics of anti-...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
Opportunistic infections are those that are either more frequent or more severe as a result of the patient’s immunosuppressed condition. Opportunistic infections are, of course, the distinguishing feature of HIV infection, and they can be the cause of serious morbidity and even mortality. Some opportunistic infections can be prevented by vaccination, for example, pneumococcal infection, meningococcal infection, influenza, hepatitis A and B, and varicella. Other major opportunistic infections require prophylactic antibiotics or antiviral medications. In obstetric patients, pneumocystis infections and toxoplasmosis are...
Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: New Antibiotics and Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Obstetrics Source Type: research
In conclusion, European countries now have more comprehensive national vaccination programs for HCP, however there are still gaps. Given the recent large outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases in Europe and the occupational risk for HCP, vaccination policies need to be expanded and strengthened in several European countries. Overall, vaccination policies for HCP in Europe should be periodically re-evaluated in order to provide optimal protection against vaccine-preventable diseases and infection control within healthcare facilities for HCP and patients. PMID: 31623916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Reports of simultaneous infections and neoplasms in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are occasionally seen in the literature. However, coexistent lymphoma with tuberculosis, and Kaposi sarcoma (KS) with tuberculosis occurring in the same lymph node is rare. Coexistent lesions pose diagnostic difficulties. In this article, we report two HIV-positive patients from Zimbabwe who displayed KS and tuberculosis; KS and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the same lymph node. We found only one similar case presentation in the literature, which was reported in India.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
This report describes 18 cases of silicosis, including the first two fatalities reported in the United States, among workers in the stone fabrication industry in California, Colorado, Texas, and Washington. Several patients had severe progressive disease, and some had associated autoimmune diseases and latent tuberculosis infection. Cases were identified through independent investigations in each state and confirmed based on computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest or lung biopsy findings. Silica dust exposure reduction and effective regulatory enforcement, along with enhanced workplace medical and public health surveill...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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