Prevalence of active tuberculosis infection in transplant recipients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionA high suspicion level for TB, the early diagnosis and the prompt initiation of therapy could increase the survival rates among SOT patients. Overall, renal and lung TRs appear to have a higher predisposition for acquiring TB than other type of recipients. Monitoring of the high-risk recipients, prompt diagnosis, and appropriate treatment are required to manage TB infection among TRs especially in endemic areas.
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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We report two cases of unilateral iris granulomata in two young patients who presented with decreased vision and redness and were found to have well-circumscribed iris granulomas. Both underwent systemic evaluation and had a negative Mantoux test. Biopsy pathology of the lesions revealed granulomatous inflammation but were negative for PCR, staining, and culture for TB. One patient turned out to have multiple pulmonary lesions. The ocular condition initially worsened with steroid therapy alone and improved and resolved completely after starting a 9 months course of anti-tubercular therapy (ATT). PMID: 31944133 [PubMed ...
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
d J Abstract Swedish National tuberculosis (TB) guidelines recommend screening of active and latent TB (LTBI) among pregnant women (PW) from high endemic countries or previous exposure to possibly improve early detection and treatment.We evaluated cascade of care of a newly introduced TB screening program of PW in Stockholm county 2016-2017. The algorithm included clinical data and Quantiferon® (QFT) at the Maternal Health Care clinics and referral for specialist care upon positive test or TB symptoms.About 29 000 HIV negative PW were registered yearly, where of 11% originated from high-endemic countries. In...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research
We examined outcomes and safety in those who received a bedaquiline-based regimen (n=82) compared to those who received a bedaquiline–delamanid combination regimen (n=40). There was no significant difference in 6-month culture conversion (92.5% versus 81.8%; p=0.26) and 18-month favourable outcome rate (63.4% versus 67.5%; p=0.66) in the bedaquiline versus the bedaquiline–delamanid combination group, despite the latter having more advanced drug resistance (3.7% versus 22.5% resistant to at least five drugs; p=0.001) and higher pre-treatment failure rates (12.2% versus 52.5% with pre-treatment multidrug-resistan...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
We present a rare case of paragonimiasis masquerading as hypereosinophilia, asthma, and intracerebral hemorrhage for the last three years. Paragonimiasis is a rare cause of hemoptysis outside endemic regions. A strong index of suspicion is required to diagnose paragonimiasis outside the endemic areas. Diagnosis is usually delayed because of similarity of presentation to TB. Our patient was symptomatic with hemoptysis for three years. He gave history of eating raw crayfish and crabs while on leave to his native village in Nagaland. Diagnosis was confirmed on microscopy by detection of Paragonimus ova in sputum and bronchoal...
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Pathology - Research and Practice, Volume 216, Issue 1Author(s): Hui Wang, Rani KanthanAbstractAmoebiasis, caused by the intestinal protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, though a relatively common parasitic disease in the tropical and subtropical regions, is uncommon in the developed countries. In these countries, as amoebic colitis shares similar clinical symptoms and endoscopic features with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), these cases can be easily unrecognized and misdiagnosed.In this case report, we discuss the case of an adult patient with invasive intestinal amoebiasis, who was init...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
We report a case of a 9-year-old female child who presented with bilateral non-necrotizing anterior scleritis with unilateral posterior scleritis secondary to TB. To our knowledge, this is a rare presentation in pediatric age group, and she is the youngest of few cases of tuberculous posterior scleritis reported in literature.
Source: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
18F ‐FDG PET/CT has a higher sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy for malignant solitary pulmonary nodule. However, it has a high false positive rate and low specificity when diagnosing SPN in tuberculosis endemic areas. AbstractObjectiveTo determine the diagnostic efficacy of18F ‐FDG PET/CT in distinguishing between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and lung cancer in solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) in a country with a high prevalence of PTB.MethodsPatients with SPN who underwent18F ‐FDG PET/CT imaging were retrospectively included in the study. The final diagnosis was established by histopathology. A linear regression eq...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract Albania is a Balkan country with moderate to low incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and very low prevalence of drug resistant TB. Here, we analyzed a country-wide multi-year Mycobacterium tuberculosis collection in order to detect possible dynamic trends of TB in Albania, with a focus on drug resistance and endemic/epidemic clones. In total, 743 isolates collected in 2007 to 2011 were divided into 107 spoligotypes and 351 MIRU-types. Based on the MIRU-VNTR phylogenetic analysis, the isolates were assigned to the following lineages/families: animal ecotypes (5 M. bovis and 2 M. caprae isolates), Lineage 2 ...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): M. Pilar Romero, Yu-Mei Chang, Lucy A. Brunton, Jessica Parry, Alison Prosser, Paul Upton, Eleanor Rees, Oliver Tearne, Mark Arnold, Kim Stevens, Julian A. DreweAbstractIdentifying and understanding the risk factors for endemic bovine tuberculosis (TB) in cattle herds is critical for the control of this disease. Exploratory machine learning techniques can uncover complex non-linear relationships and interactions within disease causation webs, and enhance our knowledge of TB risk factors and how they are interrelated. Classif...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results show that intricate TB cases were notified by the local health services. Strategies of surveillance and articulation with these health services seem to contribute to the identification of TB cases among PDL.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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