Hepatitis B virus infection and the risk of liver disease progression in type 2 diabetic patients with potential nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a retrospective, observational, cohort study in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink

Conclusion HBV-infection increased significantly the risk for cirrhosis among T2DM patients, however, not beyond the expected incremental risk among infected non-T2DM subjects. Our approach to evaluate the role of T2DM/NAFLD and HBV-infection in liver disease progression could be applied to other settings with higher HBV prevalence.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Advanced RCC has high morbidity and mortality with an increasing prevalence. Following tyrosine kinase inhibitors, checkpoint inhibitors have a great influence on treatment of advanced RCC, especially the combination of these two strategies. In 2019 these combined strategies demonstrated 5% complete remission with up to 60% objective response rate. While not immediately, but perhaps in the near future, advanced RCC will become a manageable chronic disease, even if a cure is not possible. PMID: 31942809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: According to the high percentage of patients diagnosed with vision-threatening DR in this study, an early diagnosis of this complication of diabetes seems to be important. Teleophthalmology enhances patient accessibility to the healthcare system, making early diagnosis of DR easier, with a high degree of satisfaction among patients and healthcare professionals. PMID: 31941342 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
This study was exempt from formal ethical or institutional registration. The data collection was completed in 2017. Following a video introduction, the trainees completed a questionnaire. For each of the CanMEDS domains, trainees of different tiers perceived them to be equally important. Indeed, the junior and senior cohorts of trainees perceived all domains to be equally important, as signified by the significant degree of score correlation. Age was a significant variable for achievement of competency in the roles of a Medical Expert (p = .01), a Communicator (p = .04), a Collaborator (p&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this cohort, in indeterminate FNAC patients, Abs and TSH were associated with an increased risk of malignancy. Additionally, TgAb and TSH were potential markers of aggressive biology. As such, they may be diagnostic and prognostic adjuncts.
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundActivated carbon nanoparticle (CNP) is a novel tracer that may facilitate nodal dissection in clinically nodal positive (cN1) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The present study compared the nodal yield and surgical outcomes between surgery with CNP and without CNP.MethodsPatients who underwent total thyroidectomy with therapeutic nodal dissection for cN1 PTC were given the option of intraoperative CNP injection. Among those who received CNP, 0.2  mL CNP suspension was injected in both thyroid lobes before dissection. Study endpoints included number of total and metastatic lymph nodes, inadvertently...
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn pediatric total thyroidectomies, central neck dissection and gross extrathyroidal extension were major predictors for overall hypoparathyroidism. Surgeons performing thyroidectomy in such patients should be aware of the relatively high risk, preserve parathyroid tissue to the extent possible, and be conscientious regarding postoperative calcium monitoring and replacement.
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsHFIRE can safely and effectively be delivered percutaneously, results in a predictable ablation volume, and is associated with lymphocytic tumor infiltration. This is the first step toward the use of HFIRE for treatment of unresectable liver tumors.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Bigfoot Gets by with a Little Help from Its Friends Bigfoot Biomedical is on track to submit its diabetes technology for FDA clearance this year, and the product could hit the market by year end. It helps that the company has some friends with deep pockets like Abbott and other investors that kicked in a total of $45 million in an initial tranche of a series C financing. Bigfoot's injection-based digitized insulin dosing platform uses a connected insulin pen-based system that integrates Abbott’s FreeStyle Libre glucose sensing technology.   DexCom Gives JPM ...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
Publication date: 18–24 January 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10219Author(s): Kristina E Rudd, Sarah Charlotte Johnson, Kareha M Agesa, Katya Anne Shackelford, Derrick Tsoi, Daniel Rhodes Kievlan, Danny V Colombara, Kevin S Ikuta, Niranjan Kissoon, Simon Finfer, Carolin Fleischmann-Struzek, Flavia R Machado, Konrad K Reinhart, Kathryn Rowan, Christopher W Seymour, R Scott Watson, T Eoin West, Fatima Marinho, Simon I Hay, Rafael LozanoSummaryBackgroundSepsis is life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection. It is considered a major cause of health loss, but data for th...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 18–24 January 2020Source: The Lancet, Volume 395, Issue 10219Author(s): Fei Liang
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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