The Numbered Pediatric Rashes Revisited

​I have been seeing a lot of second disease and fifth disease—it's that time of year. School is back in session, and winter is just around the corner.The rash-numbering system for these diseases is now a historical footnote, but fifth disease is still commonly used by physicians to refer to erythema infectiosum, a parvovirus. I suspect that this system was created as a memory device for similar names and the obscure Latin terms used for these diseases. Erythema infectiosum is also easy to confuse with the many other erythema rashes such as erythema migrans, erythema marginatum, erythema toxicum, and erythema multiforme. When you throw in exanthem subitum, the Latin name for roseola, one can understand why fifth disease remains part of our medical nomenclature.NameOther namesEtiologyFirstRubeola, measles, hard measlesMeasles virusSecondScarlet fever, scarlatinaStreptococcus pyogenesThirdRubella, German measles, three-day measlesRubella virusFourthFilatov-Dukes' disease, staphylococcal scalded skin syndromeNonexistent or Staphylococcus aureus strains that make exfoliative toxinFifthErythema infectiosumErythrovirus (parvovirus) B19SixthExanthem subitem (roseola infantum)Human herpes virus 6b or human herpes virus 7We are seeing a resurgence of this deadly disease because of resistance to vaccinations. Before the vaccine, measles was responsible for five to eight million deaths worldwide each year. It has a reputation of being one of the most contagious human pathogens. A...
Source: M2E Too! Mellick's Multimedia EduBlog - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Francis Rousset, German Nacher-Soler, Marta Coelho, Sten Ilmjarv, Vivianne Beatrix Christina Kokje, Antoine Marteyn, Yves Cambet, Michael Perny, Marta Roccio, Vincent Jaquet, Pascal Senn, Karl Heinz KrauseAbstractAge-related hearing (ARHL) loss affects a large part of the human population with a major impact on our aging societies. Yet, underlying mechanisms are not understood, and no validated therapy or prevention exists. NADPH oxidases (NOX), are important sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cochlea and might therefore be invol...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study also shortlists the essential genes of N. gonorrhoeae that could be used to target Neisseria. We identified a molecule/drug which can be used to target essential protein DapD (succinyltransferase).
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we designed a tandem sequence of CpG ODN synthesized in plasmid pcDNA 3.1, and an inactivated Vibrio anguillarum vaccine developed in our previous work was chosen for determining the efficiency of the CpG-riched plasmids (pCpG) as an adjuvant. Results showed that pCpG we designed can offer higher immunoprotection with the vaccine. Interestingly, even below the minimum immune dosage of the vaccine, a high RPS of 84% was observed once the vaccine was administrated with the pCpG. Serum specific antibody titer, superoxide dismutase and total protein were enhanced and some immune genes related to both innate and ...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: In Germany roughly 10.000 persons commit suicide per year. To develop prevention strategies data regarding risk factors and potential interventions. METHODS: We performed a psychological autopsy study based on police records from the Bav...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
We present here a case of an adolescent pregnant girl who developed AKI due to an overdose of colloidal bismuth subcitrate (CBS...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in Uganda are at risk of early sexual debut, unwanted pregnancy, violence, and disproportionally high HIV infection rates, driven in part by transactional sex. This paper examines the extent to which AGYW's participa...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
[Daily News] HARDLY a day goes by without the media reporting on cases of early pregnancies, of the number of pregnant girls in a particular school or region.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
[Daily News] SOME female parents in Rukwa region encourage their teen daughters to use birth control pills in efforts to delay unwanted pregnancies until they finish both primary and secondary school education.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Kepler Cheuvreux German Corporate Conference, Frankfurt, GermanyLink to website
Source: Bayer IR Newsfeed: Events - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
'Chinese restaurant syndrome' was coined in the 1960s and refers to headaches, nausea and sweating after eating Chinese food. Campaigners say it's a 'xenophobic myth'.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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