Knowledge and Compliance of Dentists' and Dental Students' With Respect to Relevant Guidelines for Prescribing Antibiotic Prophylaxis for the Prevention of Infective Endocarditis: A Systematic Review
ConclusionKnowledge levels of guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis varied greatly depending on the study design, respondent characteristics, and time period factors. There is a lack of research published on compliance rates for dentists and dental students with respect to guidelines for the prevention of infective endocarditis.
Pericardial effusion is often detected in patients with Infective endocarditis. Incidence can be as high as 25% . Most often it is mild, can be moderate in few. Mechanism Sympathetic effusion in response to endocardial infection. It’s never more than minimal. (Evidence ? it’s only an assumption) IE related cardiac failure (Raised systemic venous pressure to which pericardial veins drain) Local sepsis, Abcess formation tracks to pericardial space through transmural lymphatics Fungal , granulomatous , Tuberculous IE (Rare) Here IE and PE share the same pathology Part of systemic sepsis activated Immun...
ConclusionsVHD patients with IE might have severe periodontitis compared with patients without IE, although further investigation will be needed because this is based on only 7 VHD patients with IE.Clinical relevanceThe patients with IE had fewer remaining teeth, more advanced bone resorption compared with those of patients without IE. These findings suggest a possible association between the occurrence of IE and periodontal infection.
Discussion The aortic valve usually has 3 leaflets. In bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) there are 2 asymmetric leaflets with a fish-mouthed orifice between them which may not open fully. It occurs in about 0.5-2% of the population making it one of the most common congenital heart anomalies and the most common one in adults. Transmission is autosomal dominant yet males are more likely to have BAV, indicating potential reduced penetrance in females. “BAVs are different, however, in that the tissue pathology is not limited to the valves’ leaflets but extends from the left ventricular outflow tract to the ascending thor...
ConclusionsIn favor of AVr, good patient selection, amenable techniques for the suitable pathology will give a good target hence the aim of the work.
CONCLUSION: pmVSD closure with the Nit-Occlud Lê VSD Coil is feasible in older children and adults. However, residual shunting (leading to haemolysis) is a dreaded complication that should not be tolerated. pmVSD closure with the Nit-Occlud Lê VSD as a therapeutic strategy remains controversial and is limited to selected patients. PMID: 31982353 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We report the first pediatric case of IE after percutaneous tricuspid Melody™ valve-in-valve implantation in a boy who was diagnosed with Eisenmenger syndrome, related to patent ductus arteriosus. This first pediatric case of late IE (4 years) after PTVR is added to eight previously reported cases of IE from the valve-in-valve international database registry (VIVID registry). PMID: 31955957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: PWID hospitalized for endocarditis are at high risk for discharge AMA but more research is needed to understand the impact of MOUD. (Am J Addict 2020;00:00-00). PMID: 31930608 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Infective endocarditis is a life-threatening and enigmatic disease with a mortality of 30% and a pathophysiology that is poorly understood. However, at its core, an endocarditis lesion is mainly a fibrin and platelet blood clot infested with bacteria, clinging at the cardiac valves. Infective endocarditis therefore serves as a paradigm of immunothrombosis gone wrong. Immunothrombosis refers to the entanglement of the coagulation system with innate immunity and the role of coagulation in the isolation and clearance of invading pathogens. However, in the case of infective endocarditis, instead of containing...
Condition: Endocarditis, Bacterial Intervention: Drug: Antibiotics Sponsor: Carmen Olmos Blanco Not yet recruiting