Researchers find clue to preventing addiction relapse

(University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine) A study published in Neuropsychopharmacology reported that relapse can be prevented by controlling cells in a brain region called the nucleus accumbens. The study was conducted among 90 Sprague Dawley rats with genetic diversity.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): T. Celeste Napier, Alana Kirby, Amanda L. Persons
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Purpose of review Internet society has made our daily life more convenient, while its negative consequences especially internet, smartphone, and gaming addiction are emerging. At the same time, the phenomenon of pathological social withdrawal called ‘hikikomori’ has been increasingly highlighted as a problematic behavior in Japan. Now hikikomori is becoming a global mental health issue. The interaction between internet society, internet addiction, and hikikomori has not been well clarified. Recent findings A case vignette survey among psychiatrists suggested that hikikomori cases could be comorbid with int...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: THE IMPACT OF URBANISATION ON MENTAL HEALTH: Edited by Jair Mari Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cocaine Addiction;   Opioid Addiction;   Alcohol Addiction Interventions:   Device: sTMS;   Device: sham sTMS Sponsor:   VA Office of Research and Development Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   PTSD;   Psychiatric Illness;   Prescription Drug Dependence;   Addiction Interventions:   Other: Age & Development;   Other: Socioeconomy;   Other: Traumatic Events;   Other: Psychosocial conditions;   Other: Lifestyle;   Other: Chronic conditions;   Other: Somatic symptoms;   Other: Psychological symptoms;   Other: Non-prescription analgesics;   Other: Prescription drugs Sponsors:   Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic ...
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Major neurocognitive changes occur during adolescence, making this phase one of the most critical developmental periods of life. Furthermore, this phase in life is also the time in which youth substance use begins. Several studies have demonstrated the differential associations of alcohol and cannabis use concerning the neurocognitive functioning of both males and females. Past and contemporary literature on gender-specific effects in neuroscience of addiction is predominantly based on cross-sectional datasets and data that is limited in terms of measurement variability. Given the importance of gender-specific effects in a...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2519: The Effect of Solution-Focused Group Counseling Intervention on College Students’ Internet Addiction: A Pilot Study International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072519 Authors: Xinhe Zhang Xiaoxuan Shi Shuowei Xu Jingwen Qiu Ofir Turel Qinghua He This pilot study aimed to explore the effect of solution-focused group counseling intervention on Internet addiction among college students. Eighteen college students participated in this study, out of which nine subjects were assigned into the experimental group and the rest (n = 9) to ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study focuses on vulnerable individuals due to their age and investigates interactions between possible risk (need to belong, NTB) and protective factors (online self-regulative competences, OSRC). Participants (N = 466) between 10 and 17 years answered questionnaires assessing social-networks-use disorder symptoms, NTB, and OSRC. Moderated regression analysis revealed significant effects of age, NTB, and OSRC. Three-way interaction was also significant (potentially mainly caused by females), with highest social-networks-use disorder symptoms found for individuals with high NTB and low OSRC, especially when older. Wit...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
enestier Pierre Sujobert Targeted therapies have improved the outcome of cancer, but their efficacy is intrinsically limited by the emergence of subclones with a mutation in the gene encoding the target protein. A few examples of collateral sensitivity have demonstrated that the conformational changes induced by these mutations can create unexpected sensitivity to other kinase inhibitors, but whether this concept can be generalized is unknown. Here is described the development of a model to screen a library of kinase inhibitors for collateral sensitivity drugs active on the Bruton Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) protein with t...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Chances are, you’ve been brave today. Not that you realize this, most likely. Now that the whole world feels enveloped in a cloud of fear, we think only healthcare providers and a rare few others can be counted as courageous. Yes, they are: But so are you. Yet, if I stood a social-distancing six feet away and blew a virtual bravery fanfare for you on my virtual bugle, you would almost surely blush and demur. Even in normal times, most of us have issues with courage, because it is so subjective: Are skydivers brave … or just addicted to adrenaline? Is snapping selfies on the far side of DANGER: NO ENTRY signs ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Publishers Spirituality & Health Bravery Courage Personal Growth Source Type: blogs
Everyone is struggling with isolation as much of the world hunkers down to slow the spread of COVID-19, but this time poses even greater hazards for folks recovering from addiction, experts say.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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