Pathological Implications of Swallow-Associated Transient Lower Esophageal Sphincter Elevation
ConclusionsPersistent tHH seems to be a pathological finding associated with pathological reflux.
Authors: Hoshikawa Y, Sawada A, Sonmez S, Nikaki K, Woodland P, Yazaki E, Sifrim D Abstract Background/Aims: Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) during multichannel intraluminal impedance pH-monitoring (MII-pH) reflects the status of esophageal mucosal integrity. MNBI is suggested as an adjunctive method to distinguish patients with true gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) from functional heartburn (FH) and might predict outcomes for anti-reflux treatment. However, current methodology for calculation of MNBI is time-consuming and subject to operator-dependent selection bias. We aim to simplify and provide a...
Conclusions: Pathologic acid exposure does not appear to be associated with JE. JE patients had increased CCB and LABA use. The unexpected finding of increased LABA use warrants more investigation and may provide support for a cholinergic etiology of JE. PMID: 32235029 [PubMed]
Conclusions: This study showed anti-reflux surgery was less expensive and more effective therapy over the PPI medication after 9 years of follow-up. This suggests the surgical strategy is a cost-effective alternative to PPI medication among patients who need long-term management for GERD in Korea. PMID: 32235028 [PubMed]
Authors: Park CH, Lee SK Abstract Studies that investigated esophageal microbiomes are limited when compared to those on intestinal microbiomes. Nevertheless, several studies have investigated the relationship between esophageal microbiomes and various esophageal diseases, owing to the advancement of next-generation sequencing techniques. Streptococcus is the most common bacterial taxon in a normal esophagus. Additionally, Haemophilus, Neisseria, Prevotella, and Veillonella are also found. However, gram-negative bacteria, including Prevotella, are more abundant in a diseased esophagus, such as in gastroesophageal r...
Authors: Park CH PMID: 32235025 [PubMed]
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) taken for acid reflux may lead to an increased risk for fractures in children and adolescents, according to a study published online March 12 in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and...
Journal of Laparoendoscopic&Advanced Surgical Techniques, Ahead of Print.
This study examines the interaction of GERD and EsD on spirometry in LTRs.
Heartburn is a common symptom in clinical practice, but as many as 70% of patients have normal findings from upper endoscopy. Most of these patients have non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) or functional esophageal disorders. NERD is the most common gastroesophageal reflux disease, and functional heartburn is the most common cause for refractory heartburn. In patients with NERD, symptoms arise from gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal hypersensitivity, whereas in patients with functional heartburn, symptoms result from esophageal hypersensitivity.
Gastroparesis (GP) is prevalent after lung transplant (Ltx) (50-68%). GP has been associated with symptoms and delayed absorption of medications. Of particular concern after Ltx, GP can predispose to gastroesophageal reflux disease considered the main culprit for chronic allograft dysfunction. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is recommended in Ltx patients. Pharmacologic intervention for GP is not efficacious to improve gastric emptying and can induce potential serious side effects. Transcutaneous electric stimulation (TES) has been proposed to improve motility in various gastrointestinal motility disorders