Ethanol Ablation of Neck Metastases from Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
Semin intervent Radiol 2019; 36: 381-385 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1696651Differentiated thyroid cancer often metastasizes to cervical lymph nodes, characteristically with slow growth rate and low-level aggressiveness. Cervical lymph node resection is the treatment of choice, but ethanol ablation offers a therapeutic option for patients with few nodes unresponsive to radioiodine therapy and who are poor surgical candidates. The ethanol ablation procedure is minimally invasive, guided sonographically, easily and safely repeated, and easily implemented with minimal technology and cost. Transient nerve injury is infrequent and virtually the only important complication. Current experience indicates that ethanol ablation has the safest therapeutic profile compared to surgery and thermal ablation, and the effectiveness is comparable to thermal ablation and approaches that of surgery. Well-designed clinical trials are lacking. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | Full text
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Giusy Elia, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Maria Rosaria Galdiero, Francesca Ragusa, Sabrina Rosaria Paparo, Ilaria Ruffilli, Gilda Varricchi, Poupak Fallahi, Alessandro AntonelliAbstractAnticancer immunotherapy, in the form of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI), is a paradigm shift that has transformed the care of patients with different types of solid and hematologic cancers. The most notable improvements have been seen in patients with melanoma, non-small-cell lung, bladder, renal, cervical, u...
In this study, we summarized 653 PTC patients who underwent thyroidectomy and central lymph node dissection with or without lateral lymph node dissection from two hospitals to investigate the pattern and risk factors of lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) and skip metastasis. LLNM was significantly associated tumor size> 1 cm, presence of extrathyroidal extension, tumors in the upper-lateral pole, and the number of metastatic lymph nodes in the central compartment. The frequency of skip metastasis was 22.5% (20 of 89 patients). Multivariate analyses showed tumor size ≤ 1 cm, and tumors in the upper-lateral pole were...
We report FDG PET/CT images of a 63-year-old woman referred for characterization of osteolytic lesions of the cervical spine. This patient with chronic renal failure had a history of follicular thyroid carcinoma with undifferentiated cells, treated by a total thyroidectomy, completed by radioactive iodine in 2017. Because of cancer history, a FDG PET/CT was performed and showed multiple moderately hypermetabolic osteolytic lesions of the spine from C3 to T1, with joint erosion on CT. A laminectomy was performed for cervical spinal cord decompression and revealed a gouty tophus.
ConclusionWe recommend that the management approach to any anterior midline neck lump involve a comprehensive work-up including radiological imaging, routine histopathological analysis, and the early involvement of the subspecialty multidisciplinary team.
In conclusion, the present case is an extremely rare occurrence of simultaneous multiple RDMs from PTC as the initial presentation.
Conclusion: Patients with type 1 DM should be examined for thyroid diseases, and patients with suspected thyroid disease should be evaluated with a thyroid ultrasound. Type 1 DM and PTC coexistence albeit very rare; It should be known that type 1 diabetes can be seen together with thyroid cancer. PMID: 31686641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsThyroid carcinoma arising in struma ovarii or mature cystic teratoma should prompt clinical evaluation and imaging of the thyroid given the possibility of synchronous primaries, metastases, and recurrence.
Conclusion: In papillary thyroid carcinoma I-131 post-ablation SPECT/CT scan detects cervical lymphadenopathy and predicts relapse by NM stage more accurately than WBS.
Abstract AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor...
We report two young men who presented with submental nodal metastasis from PCT. Both underwent total thyroidectomy with central compartment neck dissection and modified radical neck dissection (MRND). Probable factors which might influence submental nodal metastasis are analyzed. We conclude that physicians should be aware of the possibility of submental nodal metastasis from PCT. A selective approach for neck dissection can be an alternative to MRND, reducing the morbidity in management of such cases.