Climate change 'is causing babies to be born up to TWO WEEKS early'

Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles, looked at data for 56million births and found at least 25,000 babies are born early each year because of heat-induced labour on days above 90°F (32°C).
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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nsen Goswin Heckrath Conventional wet chemical methods for the determination of soil phosphorus (P) pools, relevant for environmental and agronomic purposes, are labor-intensive. Therefore, alternative techniques are needed, and a combination of the spectroscopic techniques—in this case, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)—and visible near-infrared spectroscopy (vis-NIRS) could be relevant. We aimed at exploring LIBS, vis-NIRS and their combination for soil P estimation. We analyzed 147 Danish agricultural soils with LIBS and vis-NIRS. As reference measurements, we analyzed water-extractab...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the preterm birth rate in a subsequent pregnancy in women who had undergone term induction with a Foley catheter in comparison to induction with prostaglandins. METHODS: This was a follow-up study of two large randomized controlled trials. In the original trials (PROBAAT-1 and PROBAAT-2), women with a term, singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation with an indication for labor induction were randomized to either a 30cc Foley catheter or prostaglandins (i.e. vaginal prostaglandin E2 in PROBAAT 1 and oral misoprostol in PROBAAT 2). The main outcome measures were preterm birth
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results indicate that the practice of placing patients on fetal monitor upon arrival to the operating room prior to performing crash cesarean delivery could reduce the rate of primary cesarean deliveries performed for prolonged decelerations in labor. When fetal heart tones have returned to baseline upon arrival in the operating room, the decision to proceed with cesarean delivery can be reconsidered. However, many clinical factors must be taken into consideration, and the decision to proceed is ultimately at the discretion of the obstetrics provider.
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractClinicopathologic correlations of segmental villous avascularity and other histological lesions of segmental fetal vascular malperfusion (SFVM) were analyzed retrospectively to determine whether lesions of various durations reflect different etiopathogeneses. The frequencies of 25 independent clinical and 43 placental phenotypes were statistically compared by ANOVA or Chi-square among 3 groups containing a total of 378 placentas with SFVM: group 1 contained 44 cases of recent SFVM (endothelial fragmentation, villous hypovascularity by CD34 immunostain, and/or stromal vascular karyorrhexis); group 2 contained 264 ca...
Source: Virchows Archiv - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusion In low-risk parous women, elective induction of labor at 39 weeks was associated with decreased odds of cesarean delivery and maternal morbidity, without an increase in neonatal adverse outcomes. Key Points [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Chris EdwardsCalifornia leaders are in the news for passing a  misguided law that requires most independent contractors to be treated as employees, and then realizing how harmful that is and passing another law exempting dozens of politically important industries from the mandate.Lee Ohanian describes the law ’s damagehere.Last year, “Assembly Bill 5  included exemptions for many politically‐​connected occupations like real estate agents and doctors, but ensnared many others, drawing particular criticism from musicians, independent truck drivers, franchise business owners and freelance writers.&rd...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: Compared with expectant management, intended induction at 39 weeks of gestation was associated with reduced risk of adverse perinatal outcome. Patient characteristics associated with adverse outcomes were few and similar between groups. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01990612. PMID: 32925628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our externally validated model was efficient in predicting vaginal delivery after preterm induction with unfavorable cervix. PMID: 32925613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
stitute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units (MFMU) Network* Abstract OBJECTIVE: To develop models to predict vaginal delivery in low-risk, nulliparous women contemplating elective induction of labor or expectant management at 39 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of planned elective induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation compared with expectant management for low-risk nulliparous women. Two groups were included for this analysis: 1) women who were randomized to the induction of labor group and underwent e...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Frequency of consent and reasons for declining consent were associated with age, type of insurance, and race and ethnicity. These findings should be considered when developing recruitment strategies that promote diverse participant representation. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinialTrials.gov, NCT01990612. PMID: 32925629 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
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