Rare Association Between Atrioventricular Septal Defect and Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection
Abstract Clinical data: Infant, 7 months, female, referred to our department at one month of age, suspecting of congenital heart disease for further investigation. Chest radiography: Demonstrates cardiomegaly and prominent pulmonary vascular markings. Electrocardiography: Shows right ventricular hypertrophy and left anterior fascicular block. Echocardiography: Evidenced common atrioventricular valve with two orifices and the left superior pulmonary vein draining on the brachiocephalic vein. Computed tomography angiography: This complementary imaging exam was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Diagnosis: The patient presented an association between AVSD and PAPVC, a rare combination. The clinical picture of heart failure was preponderant, characterized by need for diuretics and complementary exams findings, and early surgical treatment was indicated. Operation: The operation was performed through a median sternotomy with 123 minutes of cardiopulmonary bypass and 89 minutes of cross-clamping time. The patient had no postoperative complications, remaining 10 days hospitalized.
ConclusionCongenital piriform sinus fistula is an important cause of deep neck abscess in children. The presence of purulent gas-liquid equilibrium or air shadow in cervical-enhanced computed tomography or ultrasound suggests a high possibility of the presence of an internal fistula, and endoscopic low temperature ablation can be done at the same time as the diagnostic endoscopy.ResumoIntroduçãoA fístula congênita do seio piriforme é uma doença relativamente rara na prática clínica; a maioria se manifesta na infância; entretanto, os médicos geralmente t&ec...
ConclusionsCMR is a key tool for diagnosing LDAC. Characteristic findings are subepicardial fatty infiltration and midwall-subepicardial late gadolinium enhancement. The prognosis of this population is poor with a high incidence of sudden cardiac death and ventricular arrhythmias.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosRecientemente, la miocardiopatía arritmogénica del ventrículo izquierdo (MCAVI) ha sido reconocida como parte del espectro de la miocardiopatía arritmogénica. Se caracteriza por el reemplazo fibroadiposo de la pared de dicho ventrículo. Se describen las formas de prese...
Conclusion: It may be employed either alone or in combination with cryotherapy, existing chemotherapy, bypass surgery or radiations to achieve the optimal results in these patients. Nevertheless, there is a need to formulate a uniform dose and procedure to achieve homogeneity and develop references for clinical practices. PMID: 31977258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: Available literature indicates that radiation exposure affects metabolites associated with: energy production, degradation of proteins and cell membranes, expression of proteins and stress response. Such effects are common for both animal and human studies. However, the specific metabolic response depends on several factors, including the examined organ. Radiation metabolomics can be used to explain the mechanisms of development of radiation-induced heart disease and to find an organ-specific biomarker of radiation exposure. The main aim of this review was to collect the information on the human cardiotoxicity...
This study identified ANRIL as a critical regulator in HPASMCs induced by hypoxia and demonstrated the potential of gene therapy and drug development for treating PAH. PMID: 31974617 [PubMed - in process]
We describe the first human case of percutaneous balloon dilation of a surgically placed exGraftTM conduit (PECA labs, Inc. Pittsburgh, PA) in a neonate with single ventricle disease. The use of dilatable conduits could change the management of many congenital heart defects and significantly reduce both the morbidity of repeat cardiac reoperations and the deleterious effects of prolonged conduit dysfunction that accrue between surgical conduit revisions.
In conclusion, although young and non-smoking volunteers considered themselves healthy by questionnaire, 20% showed signs of a heart, liver, or airway disease, and additional 24% were classified as atopics. This suggests that more detailed clinical testing may be necessary to safely exclude those who may adversely react to controlled exposure with sensory irritants. PMID: 31974924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We report a case of a teenage patient presenting with progressive aortic regurgitation and deterioration of left ventricular function after multiple surgical procedures for an atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD). As “bridge‐to‐transplant,” we performed a transcatheter aortic valve implantation using a balloon‐expandable Sapien 3 prosthesis. At 6 month follow‐up, the patient remained clinically stable with no rehospitalization due to heart failure.
According to this study, there seem to be differences between the frequency of congenital heart disease among patients with Down-Klinefelter and Down syndrome. At about 11 months of age, the child died after undergoing heart surgeries. The early cytogenetic study is important for better diagnosis and management of the disease. PMID: 28973759 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionApproximately 25% of adult admissions with congenital heart disease are associated with arrhythmia. The burden of arrhythmia varies by the specific lesion and other risk factors as well. Understanding of these can help in risk stratification and can help devise strategies to lower this risk.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved