AI's clinical role in breast screening comes under scrutiny

The fiercely contested race to demonstrate how artificial intelligence (AI)...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: C-MIMI: AI could cut mammography workload in half AI shows promise for reducing mammography workload AI enhances radiologist performance for DBT Deep learning enhances breast cancer risk assessment SBI: AI improves DBT's performance in dense tissueComments: 12/1/2019 2:21:59 PMHospital-Rad If I were a resident I would think twice before choosing breast fellowship. Although a mammographer won't be replaced by AI completely, I predict that the work volume will decrease dramatically. Screenings will be interpreted by AI and the mammographers will do diagnostics, ultrasound and biopsies which decreases the need for breast imagers dramatically.  As a side note, probably it the time to decrease the number of residents in radiology. I personally don't think this AI will replace radiologists completely during our lifetime but it will decrease the demand for radiologists. It is just a matter of time before the software calls all normal scans normal and leaves the abnormal ones (plus the false positive ones) to the radiologists to interpret. In fact, the software doesn't need to have a good specificity. It just needs to have a high sensitivity. It can call "very normal" exams, normal (which are a great percentage of radiology exams) and then leave the rest to the radiologists.      12/1/2019 2:26:46 PMhey Interesti...
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are an increasingly important therapeutic modality that are used by clinicians on a daily basis. Unfortunately, clinicians have a limited understanding regarding the underlying mechanism(s) of how SERMs function and their increasingly useful role in the treatment of estrogen-responsive target tissues such as the breast, bone, vagina, uterine endometrium, and brain. This review will provide a basic understanding of our current knowledge of SERM pharmacodynamics and will highlight the clinical applications of Food and Drug Administration–approved SERMs in the treatment of ...
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Clinical Corner: Invited Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2020Source: Cancer CellAuthor(s): Susana Ros, Alan J. Wright, Paula D'Santos, De-en Hu, Richard L. Hesketh, Yaniv Lubling, Dimitra Georgopoulou, Giulia Lerda, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Pedram Razavi, Rapahel Pelossof, Ankita S. Batra, Elizabeth Mannion, David Y. Lewis, Alistair Martin, Richard D. Baird, Mafalda Oliveira, Leonora W. de Boo, Sabine C. Linn, Maurizio Scaltriti
Source: Cancer Cell - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Laudisio D, Castellucci B, Barrea L, Pugliese G, Savastano S, Colao A, Muscogiuri G Abstract Breast cancer is the second most frequent type of cancer worldwide and the most commonly occurring malignancy in women, and its incidence is increasing in most developed and developing countries. There is growing evidence that lifestyle factors, in particular diet may be associated with higher Breast Cancer risk. Some evidence exists regarding the benefit of Mediterranean Diet on reduced risk of Breast Cancer in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. The protective effect of the Mediterranean Diet against the risk...
Source: Minerva Endocrinologica - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Minerva Endocrinol Source Type: research
In conclusion, both apigenin and hesperidin enhance the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin on breast cancer cells, and this phenomenon occurs regardless of oxidative stress but is accompanied by disorders of DNA damage response mechanisms.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The study identified both a high prevalence of xerostomia regardless of the chemotherapy used and the need to create protocols to improve the quality of life of these patients. PMID: 32965427 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Family Medicine, Nursing, Oncology, Research, News, Source Type: news
Condition:   Musculoskeletal Pain Intervention:   Drug: Etoricoxib Sponsor:   Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Piña-Sánchez P, Valdez-Salazar HA, Ruiz-Tachiquín ME Abstract Breast cancer (BC) is the most common type of cancer in women worldwide, and despite advances in treatments, its incidence and mortality are increasing. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new, non-invasive tests that provide more accurate diagnosis and prognosis in a timely manner. A promising approach is measuring the presence of biomarkers to detect tumors at various stages and determine their specific characteristics, thus allowing for more personalized treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve a role in gene expression, pri...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Role of TG2 and TGF-β1 in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer. Oncol Lett. 2020 Nov;20(5):221 Authors: Gao HC, Huang YZ, Liu YQ, Chen Y, Wang ZH, Yin GH Abstract The present study analyzed the role of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and tissue transglutaminase (TG2) in breast cancer, as well as their protein levels in MCF-7 cells treated with cisplatin. In addition, the present study investigated the effects of TG2 and TGF-β1 in MCF-7 cells following TGF-β1 and TG2 inhibition or TGF-β1 induction. The protein levels of TG2 and TGF-β1 in breast cancer tissues...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wu M, Zhao H Abstract Breast cancer (BC) remains the most common cancer in females. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify key genes involved in the carcinogenesis of BC and to explore their prognostic values by integrating bioinformatics tools. The gene expression profiles of 46 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and three normal breast tissues from the GSE59248 dataset were downloaded. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were subsequently identified using the online tool GEO2R and a functional enrichment analysis was performed. In addition, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was construct...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
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