GSE111688 BRCA1 and BRCA2 classification of ovarian cancer

Contributors : Philip C Schouten ; Daniel J Vis ; Ewald van Dijk ; Esther H Lips ; Esther Scheerman ; Carolien H van Deurzen ; Patricia C Ewing-Graham ; Agnes Jager ; Els M Berns ; Petra M Nederlof ; Lodewyk F Wessels ; Sabine C LinnSeries Type : Genome variation profiling by genome tiling arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensInactivating germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations confer a defect in homologous recombination DNA repair which was found to leave traces in tumor DNA copy number aberration (CNA) profiles. In analogy to previously trained breast cancer CNA classifiers that predicted association with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutated cancer and benefit of high dose double strand break inducing chemotherapy, we trained BRCA1 and BRCA2 classifiers on CNA profiles of 50 BRCA1 mutated, 10 BRCA2 mutated and 13 non-familial ovarian cancers and investigated whether tumor type and mutation type independent classifiers could be trained. The cross validated area under the curve of the receiver/operator characteristic curve of ovarian cancer BRCA1 and BRCA2 classifiers were 0.67 (95% CI: 0.55-0.78) and 0.91 (95% CI: 0.79-1). These classifiers identified the majority of the samples with germline and somatic BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Combining tumor type or mutated gene did not yield higher AUCs than single gene classifiers, although the ovarian BRCA1+BRCA2 classifier identified most BRCA1 and -2 mutated cases, including those ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Genome variation profiling by genome tiling array Homo sapiens Source Type: research

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Authors: Hartkopf AD, Müller V, Wöckel A, Lux MP, Janni W, Ettl J, Belleville E, Schütz F, Fasching PA, Kolberg HC, Welslau M, Overkamp F, Taran FA, Brucker SY, Wallwiener M, Tesch H, Fehm TN, Schneeweiss A, Lüftner D Abstract In the near future, important translational questions of clinical relevance will be adressed by studies currently in progress. On the one hand, the role of PD-L1 expression must be further understood, after it was found to be relevant in the use of atezolizumab in first-line therapy of patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). No association between ef...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
SummaryEpithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) accounts for nearly 90% of all ovarian malignancies. The standard therapeutic strategy includes cytoreductive surgery and neo (adjuvant) platinum-based chemotherapy. Relapse of advanced high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is related to the development of drug resistance. A defective DNA damage response is a defining hallmark of HGSOC. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors exploit this deficiency through synthetic lethality and have emerged as promising anticancer therapies, especially in breast cancer gene (BRCA1 orBRCA2) mutation carriers. Apart from inducing synthetic ...
Source: Investigational New Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPARP (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase) inhibitors represent a novel class of anti-cancer therapy; they take advantage of synthetic lethality and induce cell death by exploiting a defect in DNA repair. This class of medication was initially evaluated in patients with BRCA-associated tumors, but efficacy was also demonstrated in other populations. Since 2014, four PARP inhibitors have been approved in various indications: olaparib, niraparib, and rucaparib in high-grade serous ovarian cancer, and olaparib and talazoparib in metastatic breast cancer. The exact indications and study populations vary slightly between the di...
Source: Targeted Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundPoly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) play a key role in DNA damage repair (DDR). DDR defects due to HRRm (eg BRCA mutation [BRCAm]) or resulting in HRD (eg global loss of heterozygosity) may sensitize tumors to PARP inhibitors, eg olaparib. Olaparib monotherapy has activity in BRCAm ovarian, breast, pancreatic, and prostate cancer, and in prostate cancer with DDR defects beyond BRCAm (TOPARP). Olaparib improved efficacy outcomes vs placebo/chemotherapy as treatment in  ≤ 3rd-line (3L) HER2-negative BRCAm breast cancer (OlympiAD) and ≥2L BRCAm ovarian cancer (SOLO3), and maintenance the...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data show how oncogenic and tumor-suppressive drivers of cellular senescence act to regulate surveillance processes that can be circumvented to enable SnCs to elude immune recognition but can be reversed by cell surface-targeted interventions to purge the SnCs that persist in vitro and in patients. Since eliminating SnCs can prevent tumor progression, delay the onset of degenerative diseases, and restore fitness; since NKG2D-Ls are not widely expressed in healthy human tissues and NKG2D-L shedding is an evasion mechanism also employed by tumor cells; and since increasing numbers of B cells express NKG2D ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) KLDS1.0318 preserved in our laboratory was orally administered to CTX-treated mice to explore its potential effects to attenuate the toxic effects of CTX-induced by modulating intestinal immune response, promoting intestinal integrity and improving metabolic profile. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups including normal control group (NC; non-CTX with sterile saline), model control group (MC; CTX-treated with sterile saline), CTX-treated with L. plantarum KLDS1.0318 (10 mL/kg) groups with three different doses (KLDS1.0318-L, 5 × 107 CFU/mL; KLDS1.0318...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Joe Abdo1, Christopher S. Wichman2, Nicholas E. Dietz1,3, Pawel Ciborowski4, John Fleegel1, Sumeet K. Mittal1,5 and Devendra K. Agrawal1* 1Department of Clinical and Translational Science, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 2Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 3Department of Pathology, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Omaha, NE, United States 4Department of Pharmacology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States 5Norton Thoracic Institute, St....
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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