Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for irritable bowel syndrome non-patients: A pilot randomized waiting list controlled trial

This study examined the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in IBS non-patients. A total of 26 non-patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n = 14) or a waiting list group (n = 12). Self-reported IBS symptom severity, quality of life, psychological distress (anxiety and depression), and psychological flexibility were assessed at three time points. The intervention group completed an ACT program consisting of a one-day group session and a two-month self-help program. This program reduced depressive mood but not symptom severity. These results suggest that this ACT program is insufficient for IBS non-patients and the intervention needs further modification.
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
Objective: To compare the prevalence of anxiety and depression states and eating disorders (EDs) between patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and healthy volunteers without IBS.Methods: IBS patients according to Rome III criteria referred to our tertiary care center for therapeutic management and matched volunteers without IBS were prospectively included. EDs were screened by Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, Food—French version (SCOFF-F) questionnaire. IBS symptom severity (IBS symptom severity score), stool consistency (Bristol stool scale), anxiety and depression levels (Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale)...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide an overview of recent studies exploring the gut microbiota in pathogenesis and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Recent findings Primary bacterial gut disturbances have been linked to the development and severity of IBS. Dysbiosis, or alteration in the normal intestinal flora, modulates intestinal permeability, inflammation, gut motility and likely quality of life. These biomechanical changes are associated with enteric and central nervous system processing as well. When compared to healthy controls, IBS patients display poor quality of life measures and are at increased risk of...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: GASTROINTESTINAL HORMONES: Edited by H. Christian Weber Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this state-of-the-art narrative review is to evaluate the current evidence about the effectiveness of yoga as therapy for IBS and explore its potential mechanisms of action. The current literature suggests yoga is effective and safe and may target multiple mechanisms involved in treatment of IBS. Evidence from randomized controlled trials identified yoga as more effective compared to pharmacological treatment and equally effective as dietary interventions or moderate-intensity walking. Improvements were seen in both physical health (IBS symptom severity, gastric motility, autonomic and somatic symptom sc...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMindfulness is associated with low symptom interference, high self-compassion, and low distress in IBS. The observed association between mindfulness and low distress is partly related to high self-compassion and low symptom interference. The observed association between symptom frequency and interference is not as strong among those reporting high levels of mindfulness. Overall, this study strengthens justification for the use of MBIs in IBS.
Source: Mindfulness - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the ISQ has appropriate face, content, and construct validity and is a reliable, stable and valid method to assess the past 12 month’s perceived immune status.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Fecal metabolites are associated with gut visceral sensitivity, mucosal immune function and intestinal barrier function, all of which have critical roles in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the metabolic profile and pathophysiology of IBS are still unclear. We hypothesized that altered profiles of fecal metabolites might be involved in the pathogenesis of IBS with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D). AIM: To investigate the fecal metabolite composition and the role of metabolites in IBS-D pathophysiology. METHODS: Thirty IBS-D patients and 15 age- and sex-matched...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
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Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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