The effects of peppermint gel on prevention of pressure injury in hospitalized patients with head trauma in neurosurgical ICU: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of peppermint gel on the prevention of pressure injuries in patients with head trauma admitted to neurosurgical intensive care units. DESIGN: This double blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial study was conducted on 150 patients with head trauma admitted to the ICU. Using sealed envelopes, patients were assigned randomly into two intervention (n = 75) and control (n = 75) groups. SETTING: The study was conducted in the ICUs of a university hospital and a general hospital in Shiraz, Iran. INTERVENTION: The intervention group received peppermint gel three times a day up to 14 days during the skin care as a layer on the skin areas exposed to the risk of pressure injuries. The control group used a placebo gel. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: The expected outcome in this study was the incidence of pressure injuries stage I, which once daily was evaluated by pairs of observers with the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel. RESULTS: The incidence rate of pressure injuries was 22.8% and 77% in the intervention and the control groups, respectively. The chi-square test result showed a significant deference between two groups (P 
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Jeremy A. Warren, Michael Love, William S. Cobb, Lucas R. Beffa, Francisco J. Couto, B.H. Hancock, D. Morrow, Joseph A. Ewing, Alfredo M. CarbonellAbstractBackgroundProsthetic mesh infection (PMI) is a challenging complication of ventral hernia repair (VHR). The sparsity of data leaves only experience and judgment to guide surgical decision-making.MethodsRetrospective review of patients diagnosed with PMI. Subsequent abdominal operation (SAO) constitutes any intraabdominal operation occurring after the index hernia repair pr...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A novel hydrocolloid matrix was produced from crosslinked starch-pectin, which exhibited suitable chemical-physical properties to be used as a carrier of plant extracts. PMID: 31976835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ES probably increases the proportion of pressure ulcers healed and the rate of pressure ulcer healing (moderate certainty evidence), but its effect on time to complete healing is uncertain compared with no ES (very low certainty evidence). It is also uncertain whether ES decreases the surface area of pressure ulcers. The evidence to date is insufficient to support the widespread use of ES for pressure ulcers outside of research. Future research needs to focus on large-scale trials to determine the effect of ES on all key outcomes. PMID: 31962369 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
GENERAL PURPOSE To discuss the pathogenesis and clinical features of wounds caused by microthrombi formation under the following categories of systemic diseases: cold-related and immune-complex deposition diseases, coagulopathies, abnormalities in red blood cell structure, emboli, and vasospasm. TARGET AUDIENCE This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: 1. Recall the etiology, risk ...
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: CLINICAL MANAGEMENT EXTRA Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite an increased Vd and a wide inter-individual variability, desirable PK/PD targets may be achieved using an ABW-pondered loading dose of 25 - 30 mg/kg. When targeting less susceptible pathogens, higher dosing regimens are probably needed in ARC patients. Further studies are needed to assess the effect of OA/NPT in PK parameters of antimicrobial agents. PMID: 31964795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research
RESUMO Objetivo: Caracterizar os pacientes com doen ça crítica crônica e identificar os preditores relacionados à evolução para doença crítica crônica. Métodos: Coleta prospectiva de dados por 1 ano realizada na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital geral localizado na Região Sul do país. Construíram-se três modelos de regressão logística para identificar os fatores associados com doença crítica crônica. Resultados: Dentre os 574 pacientes admitidos à unidade de terapia intensiva dur...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Authors: Horch RE, Ludolph I, Müller-Seubert W, Zetzmann K, Hauck T, Arkudas A, Geierlehner A Abstract INTRODUCTION: The treatment of chronic wounds constitutes a massive financial burden to society and our health care system. Therefore, efficient wound care is of great importance to all kind of medical fields. The implementation and modification of negative pressure wound therapy can be seen as a major improvement on wound healing. Many different NPWT applications evolved trying to address various wound etiologies.Areas covered: This review aims to give an overview of various NPWT applications, show its effec...
Source: Expert Review of Medical Devices - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Expert Rev Med Devices Source Type: research
Conclusions Circumferential negative intermittent pressure of 125 mm Hg applied to the midarm of healthy volunteers for 9 hours does not adversely affect digital SpO2.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this study, the use of nasal protective film (transparent film) prolonged the duration of pressure ulcer formation on the nasal bridge in patients who underwent noninvasive mechanical ventilation.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
DiscussionExpected results will inform prescription and reimbursement practice of phase-change material-based prosthesis liners and will help improve and economize prosthetic fitting for people with limb loss. The design and duration of the protocol, including randomization, blinding, and within-subject comparison, will generate scientific evidence of a comparably high level. Inclusion of a comparably large sample and different climates, e.g. across all four seasons, will make findings applicable to a large number of prosthesis users.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.gov,NCT03428815. Registered on 12 February 2018.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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