Regional Anesthesia: A Silver Bullet or Red Herring? Regional Anesthesia: A Silver Bullet or Red Herring?

Does nerve blockade improve long-term outcomes? This commentary explores discrepancies between studies examining short-term compared with long-term outcomes of regional anesthesia.Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Primary anatomic TSA using a bundled care program in an outpatient setting coincides with markedly lower charges. The primary driver of this reduction is implant pricing, which is negotiated as part of the bundle. Surgeons must carefully analyze their unique practices in the changing economic health care environment when creating an outpatient TSA and/or bundling program. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III economic analysis. PMID: 31834035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
This study, therefore, aimed to establish the effect of high-salt diet (SD) on uric acid (UA) production and the role of S. maydis in salt-induced phenotypes. Four groups of randomly selected rats (n = 5) were fed with normal rat feed, corn silk extract (500 mg/kg), SD (8%) and corn silk extract plus high-salt feed. After 6 weeks of the experimental procedure, each animal was anesthetized by exposure to chloroform vapor and blood samples collected by cardiac puncture. Data were expressed in means ± SEM and p values
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionCigarette smoke exposure alters bone matrix composition and worsens bone mineralization, leading to bone fragility by increasing collagen V synthesis and deposition and impairing collagen I fibril forming and assembling. And these deleterious effects contributed to the worsening in fracture healing after tibia osteotomy.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Fan Yang, Yongfang Zhang, Zhiyin Tang, Yangyang Shan, Xiuying Wu, Hongtao LiuAbstractAimsAnaesthesia-related neurotoxicity in the developing brain is a controversial issue that has recently attracted much attention. Hemin plays a protective role in hypoxic and ischemic brain damage; however, its effects on sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity remain unclear. Our aim was to investigate the mechanisms of sevoflurane neurotoxicity and potential neuroprotective roles of hemin upon sevoflurane exposure.Main methodsHippocampi were harvested 18 h af...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): P.P. Genov, I.V. Kirilov, I.A. Hristova, N.H. Kolev, V.R. Dunev, B.A. StoykovAbstractNutcracker syndrome (NCS), also known as left renal vein (LRV) entrapment syndrome is a condition that leads to stenosis of the aorto-mesenteric region of the LRV, with dilatation of the distal portion of the vessel. A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the Urology department with symptoms of intermittent painless hematuria and mild to moderate left lumbar pain for the last three months. The patient underwent cystoscopy under general anesthesia. Bloody...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBased on our experience, in-stent restenosis followed by inflow lesions in the common femoral vein are the most common causes of stent thrombosis. These data suggest a need for future research to target these areas.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Williams M, Jacobson KA Abstract The recent cloning of a number of distinct receptors belonging to the P2-purinoceptor superfamily has provided conclusive evidence for a pivotal role for ATP and other nucleotides as effector molecules involved in cell-to-cell communication and the modulation of many basic aspects of tissue function. ATP itself is being clinically evaluated as a cytotoxic agent for the treatment of cancer and as an adjunct to inhalation anaesthetic use. The pyrimidine nucleotide, UTP, is in clinical trials for the treatment of cystic fibrosis. The stable ATP bioisostere, ARL 67085, is being...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Anissa Belbachir, Régis Fuzier, David BiauAbstractOrthopedic surgery can lead to pain that is poorly if at all explicable, both in the immediate postoperative period and at longer term, impairing the surgical result and necessitating a multidisciplinary approach of multimodal analgesia throughout the patient's care pathway.Preoperatively, patients at high risk of postoperative pain need to be identified and referred to a pain specialist to optimize pain management.Surgical and anesthesiological ...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides a national consensus undergraduate medical education critical care content outline. By including experts from multiple specialties, this content outline is meaningful for medical student education, independent of medical specialty. The content outline represents a first step in the development of a national undergraduate medical education critical care curriculum.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the short- and long-term outcomes were affected by the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) in patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer.Methods: The patients were retrospectively selected from among the medical records of consecutive patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with nodal dissection for gastric cancer at Yokohama City University and Kanagawa Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2015.Results: A total of 2254 patients were eligible for inclusion in the present study. One thousand six hundred fifty-six patients had an ACCI of
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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