AstraZeneca's Imfinzi gets speedy FDA review for small cell lung cancer

British drugmaker AstraZeneca Plc said on Friday its immunotherapy cancer treatment Imfinzi has been granted a speedy review by the U.S. medicines watchdog for the treatment of a particularly aggressive type of lung cancer.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), since the recognition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations that sensitized tumors to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, has been a poster child for precision oncology in solid tumors. The emergence of resistance to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors led to the unveiling of multiple resistance mechanisms that are now recognized to be frequent mechanisms across multiple tumor types. Coevolution of technological advancements in testing methods available to clinical laboratories now has identified a growing number of molecularly defined subsets of NSCLC that have new the...
Source: Advances in Anatomic Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
AbstractWith the advancement of imaging technology, systemic disease control rate and survival rate, the morbidity of brain metastases (BMs) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been riding on a steady upward trend (40%), but management of BMs from NSCLC remains obscure. Systemic therapy is anticipated to offer novel therapeutic avenues in the management of NSCLC BMs, and radiotherapy (RT) and immunotherapy have their own advantages. Recently, it was confirmed that immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and RT could mutually promote the efficacy in the treatment of BMs from NSCLC. In this paper, we provide a review on ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion The use of Hopkins criteria for posttherapy assessment in patients with lung cancer represents an easy and reproducible method with substantial to almost perfect interobserver agreement and high positive predictive value and accuracy; moreover, it is easily understood by referring physicians. Additionally, there was no significant difference when applying a semi-quantitative measure to the same five-point score.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Han RH, Dunn GP, Chheda MG, Kim AH Abstract Metastases from melanoma, lung and breast cancer are among the most common causes of intracranial malignancy. Standard of care for brain metastases include a combination of surgical resection, stereotactic radiosurgery, and whole-brain radiation. However, evidence continues to accumulate regarding the efficacy of molecularly-targeted systemic treatments and immunotherapy. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), numerous clinical trials have demonstrated intracranial activity for inhibitors of EGFR and ALK. Patients with melanoma brain metastases may benefit from ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Ettinger DS, Wood DE, Aggarwal C, Aisner DL, Akerley W, Bauman JR, Bharat A, Bruno DS, Chang JY, Chirieac LR, D'Amico TA, Dilling TJ, Dobelbower M, Gettinger S, Govindan R, Gubens MA, Hennon M, Horn L, Lackner RP, Lanuti M, Leal TA, Lin J, Loo BW, Martins RG, Otterson GA, Patel SP, Reckamp KL, Riely GJ, Schild SE, Shapiro TA, Stevenson J, Swanson SJ, Tauer KW, Yang SC, Gregory K, OCN, Hughes M Abstract The NCCN Guidelines for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) address all aspects of management for NSCLC. These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on recent updates in immunotherapy. For the 2020 update, all of th...
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
Although mesothelioma is the consequence of a protracted immune response to asbestos fibers and characterized by a clear immune infiltrate, novel immunotherapy approaches show less convincing results as compared to those seen in melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer. The immune suppressive microenvironment in mesothelioma is likely contributing to this therapy resistance. Therefore, it is important to explore the characteristics of the tumor microenvironment for explanations for this recalcitrant behavior. This review describes the stromal, cytokine, metabolic, and cellular milieu of mesothelioma, and attempts to make co...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractCancer treatment using immune checkpoint inhibitors is widely used, although biomarkers predictive of response are not well established. However, both the expressions of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and the tumor mutation burden (TMB) hold promise as such biomarkers for immune checkpoint inhibitors; however, its characteristics and clinical and immunological impacts have not been fully analyzed. We, therefore, evaluated the clinical and immunological parameters related to TMB to identify potential new biomarkers. We enrolled 92 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer who underwent surgery at Fukushima Me...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Huang L, Qiao G, Morse MA, Wang X, Zhou X, Wu J, Hobeika A, Ren J, Lyerly HK Abstract Adoptive T cell immunotherapy with cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) has been demonstrated to prolong the survival of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the expansion of effector T cells and the decrease of regulatory T cells (Tregs) that occurred during the ex vivo generation of DC-CIKs were associated with improved clinical outcome in patients who received treatment. CIKs were generated ex vivo over a 28-day period from the peripheral blood ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Ashish Saxena, MD, PhD, from Weill Cornell Medicine, discussed how immunotherapy may lead to an increase in overall survival of patients at the Annual New York Lung Cancers Symposium ®.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
Conclusions: EPSILoN, combining five baseline clinical/blood parameters (ECOG PS, smoking, liver metastases, LDH, NLR), may help to identify advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (aNSCLC) patients who most likely benefit from immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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