Imported cases of Chikungunya virus in Iran

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a widespread mosquito-borne virus representing a serious challenge to public health. The largest outbreak in the Middle-East was recorded in 2016 –2017 in Pakistan. Sistan and Baluc...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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[Government of Mauritius] 'An inter-sectoral collaboration is key to control and prevent the outbreak of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue and chikungunya, in particular during the currently prevailing cyclonic and rainy season'.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate climate zone to be an important determinant of the basic reproduction number, R0, for dengue, Zika virus, and chikungunya. The role of other factors as determinants of R0, such as methods, environmental and social conditions, and disease control, should be further investigated. The results suggest that R0 may increase in temperate regions in response to global warming, and highlight the increasing need for strengthening preparedness and control activities. PMID: 31927301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Environmental Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Bhagwan S. Batule, Youngung Seok, Min-Gon KimAbstractThe recent outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases (e.g., zika, dengue, and chikungunya) increased public health burden in developing countries. To control the spread of these infectious diseases, a simple, economic, reliable, sensitive, and selective diagnostic platform is required. Considering demand for affordable and accessible methods, we have demonstrated a two-step strategy for extraction and detection of viral RNAs of infectious diseases within 1 h. Ready-to-use devi...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Abstract Alphaviruses are (mainly) arthropod-borne viruses that belong to the family of the Togaviridae. Based on the disease they cause, alphaviruses are divided into an arthritogenic and an encephalitic group. Arthritogenic alphaviruses such as the chikungunya virus (CHIKV), the Ross River virus (RRV) and the Mayaro virus (MAYV) have become a serious public health concern in recent years. Epidemics are associated with high morbidity and the infections cause in many patients debilitating joint pain that can persist for months to years. The recent (2013-2014) introduction of CHIKV in the Americas resulted in milli...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research
After the outbreak in French Polynesia, Zika virus (ZIKV) explosive pandemic occurred in 2015, reports that ZIKV was linked to other diseases, especially neurological complications such as Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), also burst in almost every continent, thereby turning into an international concern. In South America, the highest incidence occurred in Venezuela with approximately 680 cases of GBS after ZIKV infection. Currently, the main roots of this association remain unknown. In this regard, it is thought that the immune system plays a central role in such association through the host protection or even improv...
Source: Current Immunology Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The last past arboviruses outbreaks did not have a significant impact on blood supply in FP. The measures introduced to prevent arbovirus transmission by transfusion were able to maintain infectious safety for all blood products without impairing self-sufficiency. PMID: 31889619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfus Clin Biol Source Type: research
Chikungunya (CHIK) fever is a tropical arbovirosis characterized by sudden fever, headache, rash, and severe arthralgia. The disease has been suggested to act as a trigger for several autoimmune disorders, especially rheumatoid arthritis. This abstract reports 2 cases of Sj ögren syndrome (SS) following CHIK infection. Both patients were female and presented with fever, arthralgia, rash, and arthritis during CHIK outbreak in Recife, Brazil. After several months, they developed severe sicca symptoms and 1 of them presented with parotid enlargement.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAn outbreak of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection occurred in southwest Bangkok during the 2018 rainy season. The envelope glycoprotein E1 gene sequence of the infecting strain belonged to an East/Central/South African lineage with alanine at residue 226. Mutations in the predicted E1 (K211E) and E2 (V264A) proteins of CHIKV were identified in CHIKV-infected patients and in anAedes aegypti mosquito. Analysis of the complete genome sequences showed marked differences from the strains causing previous outbreaks in Thailand in 2008-2009 and 2013 but showed similarities to strains from more recent CHIKV outbreaks in S...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Canadian Journal of Microbiology, e-First Articles. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that was first isolated from Zika forest, Uganda, in 1947. Since its inception, major and minor outbreaks have been documented from several parts of world. Aedes spp. mosquitoes are the primary vectors of ZIKV, but the virus can also be transmitted through sexual practices, materno-fetal transmission, and blood transfusion. The clinical presentations of symptomatic ZIKV infections are similar to dengue and chikungunya, including fever, headache, arthralgia, retro-orbital pain, conjunctivitis, and rash. ZIKV often causes mild ill...
Source: Canadian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Andrew M. Skidmore, Robert S. Adcock, Colleen B. Jonsson, Jennifer E. Golden, Dong-Hoon ChungAbstractVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is an alphavirus that is endemic to the Americas. VEEV outbreaks occur periodically and cause encephalitis in both humans and equids. There are currently no therapeutics or vaccines for treatment of VEEV in humans. Our group has previously reported on the development of a benzamidine VEEV inhibitor, ML336, which shows potent antiviral activity in both in vitro and in vivo models of infection. In...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
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