Elucidation of drug resistance mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from North India by whole-genome sequencing

ConclusionWGS ofM. tuberculosis isolates allows the detection of drug resistance to all drugs in a single test and also provides insight into the evolution and drug-resistant TB.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionResistance to INH and RIF was observed at levels similar to those published nationwide, with rates of MDR-TB being somewhat lower. Rates of HIV/TB co-infection have decreased considerably between 2012 and 2016.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results show strong bactericidal potential of CHP against M.tuberculosis that warrant its immediate mechanistic, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Lebogang Kenaope, Hannetjie Ferreira, Faheem Seedat, Kennedy Otwombe, Neil A. Martinson, Ebrahim VariavaAbstractSettingTshepong Hospital multidrug resistant (MDR) unit between April 2011 and February 2014.ObjectiveRifampicin resistant (RR) tuberculosis (TB) on X-pert MTB/Rif is assumed a surrogate for MDR TB. Following a RR result, a second specimen is taken for confirmatory culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST). We compare the initial diagnostic X-pert MTB/RIF result to the confirmatory DST in a high HIV...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsResistant MTB isolates in Algeria harbour resistance genotypes similar to other countries, but some rare patterns may result from selection and transmission processes inherent to the country.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our work demonstrates the utility of machine learning as a flexible approach to drug resistance prediction that is able to accommodate a much larger number of predictors and to summarize their predictive ability, thus assisting clinical decision making and single nucleotide polymorphism detection in an era of increasing WGS data generation.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionThese results may be of value in rapid molecular detection of MDR- and XDR-TB isolates in clinical samples in Hebei Province.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn recent years, we identified a low incidence of DR-TB as well as the poor outcome of DR-TB treatment. The majority of cases were primary drug-resistant and foreign-born. To further improve treatment outcome, special attention should be given to the high-risk DR-TB patients.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsResistant MTB isolates in Algeria harbor resistance genotypes similar as in other countries but some rare patterns may result from selection and transmission processes inherent to the country.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionOverexpression of EP genes can contribute to the emergence of a MDR phenotype in M. tuberculosis. Inhibition of EPs may provide a promising strategy for improving tuberculosis treatment outcomes in patients infected with M/XDR-TB isolates.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
[Vanguard] Drug-Resistant  diseases caused by Antimicrobial Resistance, AMR, including multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, MDR-TB, respiratory tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, STIs and Urinary Tract Infections, UTIs, have become a major threat to life globally.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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