Cytotoxic effects of duloxetine on mkn45 and nih3t3 cell lines and genotoxic effects on human peripheral blood lymphocytes

CONCLUSION: Although, in this study, duloxetine had less genotoxicity than cisplatin in concentrations under 200 μ M and showed cytotoxic effects as well, due to its IC50, it cannot be considered as a better choice for gastric cancer therapies with respect to cisplatin as a common anticancer drug.RESUMO CONTEXTO: O c âncer gástrico é a segunda principal causa de morte relacionada ao câncer globalmente. Infelizmente, a taxa de sobrevivência dos pacientes com câncer gástrico que se submeteram à quimioterapia após a cirurgia, tem sido inferior à metade. Além disso, a quimioterapia tem muitos efeitos cola terais. Evidências atuais sugerem que alguns antidepressivos como a duloxetina têm efeitos inibidores de crescimento contra um número de linhas de células cancerosas. OBJETIVO: Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os efeitos citotóxicos e genotóxicos da duloxetina sobre o câncer gá strico. MÉTODOS: A este respeito, a citotoxicidade e a genotoxicidade da duloxetina foram investigadas em linhas celulares MKN45 e NIH3T3 por ensaio de MTT e por ensaio de MN em linfócitos periféricos de sangue. Para este efeito, as células foram cultivadas em 96 placas. Soluções de estoque de duloxetina e cisplatina foram preparadas. Após incubação celular com diferentes concentrações de d...
Source: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: Our data show that fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy does not work for dMMR cases, if not worse. Autophagy inhibition and/or immune checkpoint inhibition might be promising alternative strategies for gastric cancer treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The use of microsatellite instability (MSI) and mismatch repair (MMR) as predictive biomarkers for adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer has caused a paradigm shift in cancer therapy, although its implications in gastric cancer are still questionable. The data obtained in the current study indicate that MSI-MMR is an independent prognostic factor...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
We reported a case of advanced gastroesophageal junction cancer with distal lymph node metastasis that was successfully treated with chemotherapy, surgical resection, and nivolumab therapy. An aggressive search for biomarkers implying benefit effects of nivolumab should be performed.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Background: Current therapeutic options have limited efficacy for patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer. Immune checkpoint inhibition now has been increasingly used in advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer therapy. To further understand the efficacy and safety of anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) agents is critical for clinical practice. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the benefit and risk of PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors. Methods: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science online databases were searched up...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Conclusionα-Hederin enhances cisplatin-induced anti-tumour effects in GC both in vitro and in vivo by promoting the accumulation of ROS and decreasing MMP. Our data strongly suggested that α-Hederin is a promising candidate for intervention in gastric cancer.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The current NMA provide the evidence that the combination of taxanes (paclitaxel or docetaxel) and fluorouracil was associated with the most preferable and beneficial option for patients with gastric cancer, although the additional results from multi-center trials and high-quality studies will be pivotal for supporting our findings.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Burkhardt C, Bühler L, Tihy M, Morel P, Forni M Abstract Experimental studies have shown that the IL6/GP130/STAT3 pathway is involved in pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis and progression as well as in the development of other tumors. Bazedoxifene, a selective estrogene receptor modulator clinically available for the treatment of osteoporosis, has been shown to be an effective GP130/STAT3 signaling inhibitor through in vitro and small animal studies. Our aim was to investigate the effect of bazedoxifene on tumor progression in patients with advanced pancreatic and gastric tumors. We analyzed the data of ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 115Author(s): Syedeh Elham Norollahi, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar, Shervin Ghadarjani, Kourosh Mojtahedi, Kaveh Gharaei Nejad, Hossein Hemmati, Faeze Gharibpoor, Roya Khaksar, Ali Akbar SamadaniAbstractCancer stem cells (CSCs) show a remarkable sub class of cancer cells population which have a potential to organize and regulate stemness properties which possess a main particular responsibility for uncontrolled growth in carcinogenesis, production of different cancers in differentiated situation and also resistancy to radiotherapy and ...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer stem cells (CSCs) show a remarkable sub class of cancer cells population which have a potential to organize and regulate stemness properties which possess a main particular responsibility for uncontrolled growth in carcinogenesis, production of different cancers in differentiated situation and also resistancy to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Correspondingly, gastric cancer (GC) as a very serious type in cancer mortality in the world, has received a deep attention in molecular therapy recently. Besides the main characteristics of CSCs like differentiation, epithelial mesenchymal transition, self-re...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found a highly reliable FI network, which revealed LIFR, PIK3R1, and MMP12 as novel prognostic biomarker candidates for GBC. These findings could accelerate biomarker discovery and therapeutic development in this cancer. Introduction Gallbladder cancer (GBC), the sixth most common gastrointestinal cancer, is an uncommon but challenging disease. Its incidence has recently increased highly worldwide (1). The risk factors for GBC include sex, aging, obesity, chronic cholecystitis, and cholelithiasis (2, 3). Because of the lack of an effective early diagnostic method, the disease often is not diagnosed ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Therapy | Chemotherapy | Cymbalta | Gastric (Stomach) Cancer | Gastroenterology | Men | Study