Incidence and Outcomes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Using the New International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group Criteria in Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont

Publication date: December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 43, Issue 8Author(s): Alexandra Pouliot, Riham Elmahboubi, Catherine AdamAbstractObjectivesAt 1 Canadian university hospital, pregnant women were routinely screened for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Diagnostic plasma glucose thresholds were as follows: fasting: ≥5.3 mmol/L, 1 h: ≥10.6 mmol/L and 2 h: ≥9.0 mmol/L. In 2015, diagnostic thresholds were reduced to those recommended by the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) as follows: fasting: ≥5.1 mmol/L, 1 h: ≥10.0 mmol/L and 2 h: ≥8.5 mmol/L. However, subsequent Diabetes Canada guidelines state that further evidence is required before recommending those thresholds. Our objectives were to compare pregnancy outcomes of all pregnant women who underwent a 75-g OGTT before and after the adoption of the IADPSG criteria.MethodsPregnancy outcomes of all women (N=2,830) that had a pregnancy OGTT at the Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont between July 1, 2014 and March 1, 2015 (pre-IADPSG group) were compared with women who were screened between March 1, 2015 and January 1, 2016 (post-IADPSG group). Medical files were reviewed to compare outcomes.ResultsWomen in the post-IADPSG group had a higher early body mass index (26.3 vs 25.5 kg/m2, p=0.01) and more chronic hypertension (3.7% vs 1.2%, p
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionIn our study, not only did the rates of different risk factors for pre-eclampsia change over the study period, the specific contribution of each risk factor for the occurrence of pre-eclampsia changed as well. Developing a better understanding of these trends might aid in our ability to predict this major complication and to improve maternal and fetal outcomes.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of stillbirth was 13.2 per 1000 births in China in 2015-2016. Nearly one third of all stillbirths may be preventable. Strategies based on regional characteristics should be considered to further reduce the burden of stillbirths in China. PMID: 32770714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: BJOG : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: BJOG Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Preeclampsia as well as early-onset and late-onset PE all represent risk factors for adverse cardiovascular events later in life. Early-onset PE is associated with a higher burden of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity compared to late-onset PE. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32484256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
AbstractCompare echocardiographic phenotypes of women presenting with peripartum heart failure. A retrospective case –control study of pregnant women (n = 86) presenting with PP-HF symptoms (i.e., dyspnea, PND, orthopnea) and objective examination and laboratory findings (lung congestion, elevated JVP and/or HJR, elevated brain natriuretic peptide [BNP] and pulmonary edema on chest X-ray). Three distinct phe notypes based on echocardiographically-defined LVEF were identified: (a) PP-HF with preserved ejection fraction (PP HFpEF, LVEF: >  50%); (b) PP-HF with midrange ejection fraction (...
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Spinal anesthesia-induced maternal hypotension is the most frequent complication associated with maternal morbidity and mortality during Cesarean section. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence and magnitude of hemodynamic changes in preeclamptic and non-preeclamptic parturients undergone Cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Method: A prospective cohort study was conducted from 01 February to 28 May 2019 in preeclamptic and non-preeclamptic parturients. We hypothesized preeclamptic parturients are at high risk of spinal anesthesia induced hypotension than non preeclamptic...
Source: Patient Safety in Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Patient Saf Surg Source Type: research
Obesity is a risk factor for pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), Pre-Eclampsia (PE), Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) and Large Gestational Age (LGA) pregnancy. Bariatric surgery is widely accepted to treat obesity but associated with small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Objectives: Either maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP) is associated with an increased risk of obesity in the offspring. However, their joint associations with obesity in offspring remain unclear. We investigated the joint associations of maternal GDM and HDP with childhood overweight in offspring.Methods: We performed a large study in 1967 mother-child pairs. Maternal GDM was diagnosed according to the 1999 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. HDP was defined as self-reported doctor-diagnosed hypertension or treatment of hypertension (including gestational hyperten...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Two new studies (406 women) have been incorporated to one of the comparisons for this update. Although the evidence suggests that CGM in comparison to intermittent glucose monitoring may reduce hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, this did not translate into a clear reduction for pre-eclampsia, and so this result should be viewed with caution. No differences were observed for other primary outcomes for this comparison. The evidence base for the effectiveness of other monitoring techniques analysed in the other five comparisons is weak and based on mainly single studies with very low-quality evidence. Additiona...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Marjon E. Feenstra1†, Mirthe H. Schoots2†, Torsten Plösch1, Jelmer R. Prins1, Sicco A. Scherjon1, Albertus Timmer2, Harry van Goor2 and Sanne J. Gordijn1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 2Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands Objective: Management of late fetal growth restriction (FGR) is limited to adequate fetal monitoring and optimal timing of delivery. The Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and VTE affects 1 in 500 to 1 in 2000 pregnancies. Up to 30-50% of women with pregnancy-associated VTE may have an inherited thrombophilia but this does not completely explain the thrombosis risk. Clinical risk factors for VTE including multiple births, inflammatory bowel disease, sickle cell disease, diabetes, increased maternal age, stillbirth, and smoking have been identified in relatively small cohorts. We conducted this large case-control study to identify patient and pregnancy-associated risk factors for VTE during pregnancy or within 6 weeks p...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 331. Pathophysiology of Thrombosis: Poster III Source Type: research
More News: Canada Health | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Endocrinology | Hypertension | Induction of Labor | Intensive Care | Men | OBGYN | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pre-eclampsia | Pregnancy | Study | Women