The association between vitamin D status and infectious diseases of the respiratory system in infancy and childhood.

CONCLUSIONS: Most studies agree in that decreased vitamin D concentrations are prevalent among most infants and children with RTIs. Also, normal to high-serum 25(OH)D appears to have some beneficial influence on the incidence and severity of some, but not all, types of these infections. However, studies with vitamin D supplementation revealed conflicting results as to whether supplementation may be of benefit, and at what doses. PMID: 31768940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS.: There is a great variability of mutations associated with resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs that have been reported in Peru, and they are systematized in this report. These mutations must be taken into account for the development of diagnostic devices or selection of diagnostic tests to be applied in our country. PMID: 31967255 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 2Author(s): Jeremy D Keenan, Ahmed M Arzika, Ramatou Maliki, Sanoussi Elh Adamou, Fatima Ibrahim, Mariama Kiemago, Nana Fatima Galo, Elodie Lebas, Catherine Cook, Benjamin Vanderschelden, Robin L Bailey, Sheila K West, Travis C Porco, Thomas M Lietman, Paul M Emerson, Jerusha Weaver, Sheila K West, Robin L Bailey, John Hart, Amza AbdouSummaryBackgroundThe Macrolides Oraux pour Réduire les Décès avec un Oeil sur la Résistance (MORDOR) trial found that biannual mass distribution of azithromycin to children younger tha...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Marissa G. Hall, Allison J. Lazard, Anna H. Grummon, Jennifer R. Mendel, Lindsey Smith TaillieAbstractWe aimed to examine the impact of claims, fruit images, and health warnings on consumers' perceptions of fruit-flavored drinks with added sugar (i.e., “fruit drinks”). We conducted three 2x2x2 randomized experiments with online convenience samples of U.S. adults (Study 1 n = 2139 in 2018, current e-cigarette users and smokers; Study 2 n = 670 in 2018, current e-cigarette users; Study 3 n = 1001 in 2019, general s...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Have any of y'all thought about this? For example, if someone comes into the ED with flu like symptoms, in the middle of flu season, and is an otherwise young and healthy individuals, I see no utility in testing for the flu (I'm also not a fan of Tamiflu for non-high risk populations), so it's usually just r/o something like a pneumonia, reassurance, doctor's note, and OTC symptom control. But with these periodic outbreaks of things like SARS, MERS, this novel corona virus, or even failed... What's the ER doc's role in epidemiology?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Emergency Medicine Source Type: forums
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Titilope Olanipekun, Valery S. Effoe, Olalekan Olanipekun, Efehi Igbinomwanhia, Onaopepo Kola-Kehinde, Claudia Fotzeu, Nicolas Bakinde, Rachael HarrisAbstractBackgroundEvidence suggests that annual influenza vaccination may prevent acute heart failure exacerbation episodes and improve survival.ObjectiveDetermine the influenza vaccination rate among African American patients with heart failure and identify predictors of uptake.MethodsAfrican American patients with heart failure were recruited at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta GA between Oc...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Ronine Zamor, Terri Byczkowski, Yin Zhang, Lisa Vaughn, E. Melinda Mahabee-GittensAbstractObjectivesLanguage barriers may influence the management of pediatric emergency department (PED) patients that may not align with evidence-based guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Our objective was to determine if a family's preferred language of Spanish versus English was associated with differences in management of bronchiolitis in the PED.Study DesignWe conducted a retrospective study of children ≤ 2 years old diagnosed...
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
A pediatric healthcare worker in Michigan had tuberculosis and didn't know it while working in several locations over nine months, the state's health department said.ment said.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusion: Although AIG is rare in children, pediatric gastroenterologists and pathologists should have a heightened suspicion for this entity in those patients with a history of autoimmune disorders and/or pernicious anemia.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Short Communications: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Matera MG, Rogliani P, Ora J, Cazzola M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed to children in the community and in nosocomial settings, mainly because of lower respiratory tract infections(LRTIs), which include influenza, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and tuberculosis, in addition to bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis lung disease. It is important to note, however, that more than 50% of these prescriptions are unnecessary or inappropriate. Areas covered: The current choice of antimicrobial therapy for etiological agents of LRTIs is examined and discussed considering each type ...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
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