The Effect of Tobacco Use on Postoperative Pain Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Conclusions: Our study suggests that tobacco use does not influence inpatient pain scores, narcotic consumption, and improvements in PROs following ACDF. As such, tobacco users and nonusers should receive similar postoperative pain management protocols following surgery. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research

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Condition:   Low Back Pain Intervention:   Behavioral: Pain Neuroscience Education (PNE) Sponsor:   University of Utah Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions Changes in several measures of shoulder pain and function occurred after the home exercise program intervention, although the magnitude of changes was only significantly greater than those of the education-only control condition group for two measures. Significant changes in supraspinatus pathology were not detected with quantitative ultrasound metrics.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the predictors of fear-avoidance beliefs, pain, and disability indices in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP).Subjects and MethodsA cross-sectional study was carried out on patients with chronic LBP attending the rheumatology outpatient clinics at Suez Canal University Hospital. Convenience sampling was used, and the main outcome measures were fear-avoidance beliefs, pain, and disability indices, which were measured using structured questionnaires.ResultsMean age was 47  ± 13.4 years; mean body mass index (BMI) was 30.4 ± 5.47. Mean scores of the...
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Study Design. A retrospective study of a randomized clinical trial and a prospective study of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Objective. The aim of this study was to identify the effects of the number of physical therapy (PT) sessions on clinical outcomes of patients with LSS. Summary of Background Data. Supervised PT for patients with LSS has been reported to lead to better short-term outcomes in terms of disability and leg pain than unsupervised exercise. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between the number of PT sessions and the therapeutic effects in patients with LSS. Methods....
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. Tubular decompression is feasible in patients with extreme-stenosis with no difference in the outcomes as well as complication rates when compared with a cohort of nonextreme stenosis. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Study Design. Correlational study. Objective. In spine trauma patients, we aimed to assess the correlation of patient-reported outcome measurement information system (PROMIS) physical function (PF), pain interference (PI), and Depression scores with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) ODI/NDI scores. Summary of Background Data. The ODI and NDI were intended as patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to evaluate clinical outcomes in patients seeking spine care. To date, the PROMIS has not been studied in the spine trauma population. Methods. Between January 1, 2015 and December 13, 2...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine preoperative predictors for better surgical outcomes in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) 10 years after surgery. Summary of Background Data. LSS is a leading cause of low back surgery in patients older than 65 years. Limited data are available for predictors of long-term surgical outcomes in patients with LSS. Methods. At the baseline, 102 patients with LSS underwent decompressive surgery, and 72 of the original study sample participated in a 10-year follow-up study. Study patients filled out a questionnaire preoperatively, and follow-up data were collected at 3 months, 6 months,...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
This clinical trial evaluated the independent and combined effects of a tricyclic antidepressant (desipramine) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for chronic back pain relative to an active placebo treatment. Participants (n = 142) were patients experiencing daily chronic back pain at an intensity of ≥4/10 who were randomized to a single-center, double-blind, 12-week, 4-arm, parallel groups controlled clinical trial of (1) low concentration desipramine titrated to reach a serum concentration level of 15 to 65 ng/mL; (2) CBT and active placebo medication (benztropine mesylate, 0.125 mg); (3) low concentration desipra...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionMultilevel extended PCO plus UCS procedure could achieve significant correction of scoliosis and kyphosis in the treatment of degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis, presenting less surgery time, lower incidence of complication, and shorter hospital stay when compared with the asymmetric PSO technique.
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Some of the professionals that work most with helping people with schizophrenia are nurses. There are so many types with different skill sets. Host Rachel Star Withers and Co-host Gabe Howards learn who these often overlooked healthcare workers are. Dr. Tari Dilks, Professor and President of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, joins with insight on what goes into being a psychiatric nurse.  Highlights in “The Role Nurses Play in Schizophrenia Treatment” Episode [01:14] Doctor sidekicks? [04:00] The types of nurses [06:40] Nurse Practitioners [11:00] Nurses specialties [13:00] Psychiatric Nursin...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Mental Disorder Mental Illness Nurses Nursing Psychiatric Nurse Psychotherapy Treatment For Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
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