Genetic lineage of genogroup I norovirus identified among children with diarrhoea in Niger-Delta region, Nigeria

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Source: Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: February 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 2Author(s): Kirkby D Tickell, Rumana Sharmin, Emily L Deichsel, Laura M Lamberti, Judd L Walson, A S G Faruque, Patricia B Pavlinac, Karen L Kotloff, Mohammod J ChistiSummaryBackgroundHost vulnerabilities associated with acute malnutrition could facilitate the ability of specific enteric pathogens to cause diarrhoea and associated mortality. Using data from the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, we assessed whether acute malnutrition modifies the association between common enteric pathogens and moderate-to-severe diarrhoea, and whether associat...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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Source: Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Howden School in Goole and Parkside School in Bradford (pictured) have had to close this week because of outbreaks of an illness believed to be norovirus, which causes diarrhoea and vomiting.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Norovirus (NoV) is recognized as a highly contagious enteric pathogen of mammals, and bovine norovirus (BNoV) is associated with calf diarrhoea and has caused great economic losses in the cattle industry.
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
r Besides noroviruses, the Caliciviridae family comprises four other accepted genera: Sapovirus, Lagovirus, Vesivirus, and Nebovirus. There are six new genera proposed: Recovirus, Valovirus, Bavovirus, Nacovirus, Minovirus, and Salovirus. All Caliciviridae have closely related genome structures, but are genetically and antigenically highly diverse and infect a wide range of mammalian host species including humans. Recombination in nature is not infrequent for most of the Caliciviridae, contributing to their diversity. Sapovirus infections cause diarrhoea in pigs, humans and other mammalian hosts. Lagovirus infections c...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
NHS figures for last week have revealed hospitals in England had the fewest free beds of any week so far this winter, as a spike in norovirus, diarrhoea and vomiting has led to more bed closures.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
enzie Norovirus is an acute infection of the gastrointestinal tract causing rapid induction of vomiting and diarrhoea. The infection is sensed and controlled by the innate immune system, particularly by the RNA helicase MDA-5 and type I and III interferons (IFNs). We have observed that intracellular replication of murine norovirus (MNV) occurs in membranous clusters proximal to the microtubule organising centre, a localisation dependent on intact microtubules. Recently, it was shown that the host protein guanine nucleotide exchange factor-H1 (GEF-H1) is a microtubule-associated innate immune sensor that activates inter...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
NOROVIRUS symptoms include feeling sick and having diarrhoea, and the virus is known as the ‘winter vomiting bug’. An outbreak of norovirus has spread across the UK, and Public Health England is urging the public to follow good hygiene practices. These are the signs and symptoms of norovirus to look out for.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
NOROVIRUS symptoms include diarrhoea and being sick, and it has the nickname ‘the winter vomiting bug’. With reported 2018 infection outbreaks on the rise, where in the UK are you most likely to become infected with the virus?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract In October 2016, an outbreak of norovirus occurred among attendees of a Halloween-themed party at a public swimming pool in the south-east of England. Norovirus genogroup II was confirmed in 11 cases. In the retrospective cohort study of pool users, 68 individuals (37 female and 31 male), with a median age of 11 years (range: 0-50 years), met the case definition of developing diarrhoea or vomiting between 6 and 72 h after the pool visit. Multivariable analysis showed that increasing age was associated with a reduced risk of illness (odds ratio = 0.91; 95% confidence interval: 0.83-0.99). Pool behaviou...
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research
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