Radiomics based on 18F ‐FDG PET/CT could differentiate breast carcinoma from breast lymphoma using machine‐learning approach: A preliminary study

ConclusionModels based on clinical, SUV, and radiomic features of18F ‐FDG PET/CT images could accurately discriminate breast carcinoma from breast lymphoma.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Authors: Zappulo E, Scotto R, Buonomo AR, Maraolo AE, Pinchera B, Gentile I Abstract Introduction: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is estimated to infect approximately 70 million people worldwide. If left untreated, chronic infection can progress to cirrhosis, liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. The advent of new direct-acting antivirals (DAA) has revolutionized patients' chances of treatment and viral elimination. Currently, several DAA options are available on the market.Areas covered: This review focuses on the pharmacokinetics, efficacy, tolerability and safety profile of DCV-TRIO, a twice-daily fixed-dose combi...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2020Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Kelly Olino, Tristen Park, Ntia AhujaAbstractAdvances in immunotherapy, most notably antibodies targeting the inhibitory immune receptors cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4/CD152), programmed death protein 1 (PD-1/CD279) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1/B7H1/CD274) have become effective standard therapies in advanced malignancies including melanoma,1–4 merkel cell carcinoma5, urological cancers6–8, non-small cell lung cancer9–11, mis-match repair (MMR) deficient tumors12, and Hodgkin lymphoma...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We report about a 67 years old man with cerebellar symptoms and a weight loss of 10 kg who was treated in our clinic. After our diagnostic work up we found a non small cell cancer and diagnosed a subacute degeneration of the cerebellum as a paraneoplastic disorder. We found a high positive titer for Anti-Tr3 antibodies while the rest of the paraneoplastic antibodies described as typically associated with the subacute degeneration of the cerebellum were negative. The Anti-Tr3 antibodies are usually found in patients with Hodgkin and less often Non-Hodgkin disease. After initiation of a tumor specific therapy and intraveno...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
Horm Metab Res 2019; 51: 770-778 DOI: 10.1055/a-1049-0647Hypercalcemia of malignancy is the most common life-threatening metabolic disorder in patients with advanced stage cancers and is a sign of poor prognosis. It usually presents with markedly elevated calcium level and is severely symptomatic. It is associated with hematological malignancies, such as multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukemias and solid cancers, particularly renal and breast carcinomas as well as squamous cell carcinomas of any organ. Several mechanisms have been implicated in the development of hypercalcemia of malignancy amongst them the osteol...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract NOTCH1, NOTCH2, NOTCH3 and NOTCH4 are transmembrane receptors that transduce juxtacrine signals of the delta‑like canonical Notch ligand (DLL)1, DLL3, DLL4, jagged canonical Notch ligand (JAG)1 and JAG2. Canonical Notch signaling activates the transcription of BMI1 proto‑oncogene polycomb ring finger, cyclin D1, CD44, cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 1A, hes family bHLH transcription factor 1, hes related family bHLH transcription factor with YRPW motif 1, MYC, NOTCH3, RE1 silencing transcription factor and transcription factor 7 in a cellular context‑dependent manner, while non‑canonical Notch s...
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: EB PBI after lumpectomy seems to be a safe and effective RT treatment option for selected patients with prior RT and localized early-stage breast cancer.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Breast Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionCardiac metastasis is relatively common in malignant neoplasms, such as lung cancers, breast cancers, melanomas, lymphomas, and leukemias. In contrast, cardiac metastasis of uterine cervical cancer, solitary metastasis to the heart, and tumors inducing severe thrombocytopenia are rare.Case ReportThe present patient was a 52 ‐year‐old female who was diagnosed with a solitary cardiac tumor prior to uterine cervical cancer and presented with severe thrombocytopenia. Our case had two remarkable aspects: 1) successful treatment under the condition of severe thrombocytopenia in association with the presen...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Malignant mesothelioma has become the latest deadly cancer linked directly to the rescue, recovery and cleanup efforts following the 9/11 terrorist attack on New York City in 2001. The long-running threat has come to fruition. Eighteen years after Manhattan was engulfed in the asbestos-laced, toxic cloud of dust — caused primarily by the World Trade Center destruction — the first death from pleural mesothelioma attributed to 9/11 has been recorded. Nick Ursta, 52, from the southwestern part of Pennsylvania, died after a year-long battle with the rare cancer. Ursta, a construction worker and fireman by trade, w...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionsPositive findings in abdominopelvic washing cytology is rare. The majority of the positive cases were from müllerian origins, with ovary and uterus as the most common sites. Endometrial adenocarcinoma, endometrioid type and ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma were the most common tumor types. Knowing prior history of malignancy, morphologic comparison with concurrent surgical cases, and performing ancillary studies are keys to improve diagnostic accuracy of abdominopelvic washings.
Source: Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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