Hearing Thresholds in Young Children With Otitis Media With Effusion With and Without Cleft Palate.

Hearing Thresholds in Young Children With Otitis Media With Effusion With and Without Cleft Palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2019 Nov 26;:1055665619889744 Authors: Tengroth B, Lohmander A, Hederstierna C Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate hearing thresholds in children born with cleft palate and in children with otitis media with effusion but no cleft palate. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal group comparison study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen children born with nonsyndromic cleft palate with or without cleft lip (CP±L) and 15 age-matched children with otitis media with effusion (OME) but without cleft. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hearing was tested at repeated occasions beginning with neonatal auditory brainstem response (ABR) at 1-4 months of age, and age-appropriate hearing tests from 9 to 36 months of age. RESULTS: The median ABR thresholds in both groups were elevated but did not differ significantly. At 12 months of age, the median 4 frequency averages at 500-1000-2000-4000 Hz (4FA) were indicative of mild hearing loss but significantly better in the CP±L-group than in the group without cleft (P
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusions: We propose a technique to improve the function of the velopharyngeal closure which effectively reduces the incidence of pharyngeal insufficiency and occurrence of operative correction of pharyngeal closure dysfunction. The modifed two-flap palatoplasty with posterior lateral symmetric mucosal relaxation incision is beneficial for better velopharyngeal closure.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There was a great diversity of oral, craniofacial and systemic characteristic among the KS patients, suggesting that an inter-disciplinary approach should be taken for their dental treatment. PMID: 31433389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal Source Type: research
This study investigated vocabulary growth from 18 to 24 months of age in young children with repaired cleft palate (CP), children with otitis media, and typically developing (TD) children. In addition, the contributions of factors such as hearing level, middle ear status, size of consonant inventory, maternal education level, and gender to the development of expressive vocabulary were explored. Method Vocabulary size of 40 children with repaired CP, 29 children with otitis media, and 25 TD children was measured using the parent report on MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories: Words and Sentences (Fenson et ...
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
We examined the anatomy of the eustachian tube and the paratubal muscles of the soft palate with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assessed auditory function, and correlated the results to evaluate the impact of the pathological anatomy on the function of the middle ear. A total of 64 ears in 32 patients were evaluated (Group A, n = 16) (Group B, controls = 16). MRI showed a short eustachian tube with a shortened tensor attachment in Group A when compared with Group B. The pterygoid hamulus was found to be intact in both groups, but extensive perihamular fibrosis was seen in Group A. A total of 15 ears in Group A h...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: The pen-type camera instead of an operating microscope was a tremendous contribution, as it was easy to handle and contributed to the good outcomes. The use of this technique is strongly recommended in surgical camps. Level of Evidence: III
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
We examined the anatomy of the eustachian tube and the paratubal muscles of the soft palate with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assessed auditory function, and correlated the results to evaluate the impact of the pathological anatomy on the function of the middle ear.
Source: The British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Parental responsive behaviour in communication has a positive effect on child speech and language development. Absence of canonical babbling (CB) in 10-month-old infants is considered a risk factor for developmental difficulties, yet little is known about parental responsiveness in this group of children. The purpose of the current study was to examine proportion and type of parental responsive utterances after CB and vocalization utterances respectively in a clinical group of children with otitis media with effusion, with or without cleft palate. Audio-video recordings of interactions in free play situat...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment strategies for CP with OME and the timing of ear tube insertion remain controversial. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical outcomes of otitis media with effusion in children with incomplete cleft palate after palatoplasty prospectively. METHODS: A total of 30 children (10 months-2 years old) with incomplete CP were enrolled in this study and received at least 6 months of follow-up evaluations after palatoplasty. RESULTS: The overall improvement rate of OME was as high as 26% in this group. Average air conduction hearing threshold was signifi...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2018Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): Ekaniyere Benlance Edetanlen, Birch Dauda SaheebAbstractOtitis media with effusion is common in children with cleft palate, and the aim of this study was to find out its incidence and risk factors in Nigerians. We prospectively studied 84 patients (42 with cleft palate and 42 control subjects); 27 were male and 15 female, who were age and sex matched with control subjects. The extent and size of the clefts were measured using a dental cast and Vernier calipers, and the otitis media was diagnosed with otosc...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsAnterior-compartment vaginal prolapse trials report many different outcomes and outcome measures and often neglect to report important safety outcomes. Developing, disseminating and implementing a core outcome set will help address these issues.
Source: International Urogynecology Journal - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
More News: Children | Cleft Palate | ENT & OMF | Otitis | Otitis Media | Perinatology & Neonatology | Study