Trabecular bone score and bone quantitative ultrasound in Spanish postmenopausal women. The Camargo cohort study

The measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) along with the verification of the presence of fragility fractures are the diagnostic criteria for osteoporosis. In addition, BMD, which is usually determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), allows the estimation of the risk of osteoporotic fracture. In 1994, a World Health Organization study group defined osteoporosis as a BMD T-score of -2.5 or less [1]. However, more than 50% of fragility fractures occur in women with a BMD T-score above -2.5 [2,3].
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review discusses imaging modalities for fracture repair assessment, with an emphasis on pragmatic clinical and translational use, best practices for implementation, and challenges and opportunities for continuing research.Recent FindingsSemiquantitative radiographic union scoring remains the clinical gold standard, but has questionable reliability as a surrogate indicator of structural bone healing, particularly in early-stage, complex, or compromised healing scenarios. Alternatively, computed tomography (CT) scanning enables quantitative assessment of callus morphometry and mechanics through ...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsQUS of the calcaneus confidently out ruled low BMD in individuals with axSpA, reducing the need for onward DXA referral by up to 27%. QUS is promising as a non-invasive triage tool in the assessment of osteoporosis in adults with axSpA.Key Points•Osteoporosis is common in axial spondyloarthropathy (SpA), but evaluation of bone health is suboptimal in this population.•Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) of the calcaneus can out rule low bone mineral density in individuals with axial SpA, reducing the need for DXA assessment.•QUS is a promising non-invasive triage tool in the assessment of bone health in axial SpA.
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
The aging process is characterized by the chronic inflammatory status called “inflammaging”, which shares major molecular and cellular features with the metabolism-induced inflammation called “metaflammation.” Metaflammation is mainly driven by overnutrition and nutrient excess, but other contributing factors are metabolic modifications related to the specific body composition (BC) changes occurring with age. The aging process is indeed characterized by an increase in body total fat mass and a concomitant decrease in lean mass and bone density, that are independent from general and physiological flu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese modified recommendations provide guidance for rheumatologists, radiologists and healthcare professionals on timely diagnosis of axSpA and disease management with appropriate imaging modalities.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest that hyperostosis of the posterior longitudinal ligament in OPLL may not be associated with bone strength and bone mineral status at the extremities.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
A new ultrasound technique could help clinicians assess bone health and distinguish...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AAOS: QCT finds low bone density in lumbar fusion patients 3D DEXA enhances hip fracture risk prediction Ultrasound equal to DEXA for assessing bone health USPSTF reaffirms osteoporosis screening USPSTF to review osteoporosis screening
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
This study aimed to explore the associations between self-reported physical activity (PA), activity energy expenditure (AEE), heel ultrasound parameters and bone health measures among older adult women. The AEE was estimated from the responses of questionnaires for 125 older adult women aged 54–81 years. The bone parameters were measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and heel ultrasound parameters by the heel quantitative ultrasound (QUS). This study showed that AEE and the metabolic equivalent task (MET) were positively correlated with the bone and heel ultrasound parameters. However, fat mass (FM) a...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: New approaches for improved bone strength and fracture risk estimations are needed for a better management of osteoporotic patients. In this context, REMS represents a valuable approach for osteoporosis diagnosis and fracture risk prediction. PMID: 31422565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, osteoporosis is prevalent among RA patients, as a part of a complex transformation of body mass composition, involving BMI and fat mass. The novel QUS scanning technique was able to replicate the results of the established DXA measurement of BMD and is potentially suitable for screening wide populations for osteoporosis. PMID: 31410123 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Local osteopenia and altered bone metabolism are major complications of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), but quantitative assessment is difficult unless using X-ray or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Ultrasound-based measurement of bone density (UBD) is a possible alternative but has never been used to detect unilateral disease such as CRPS. Therefore, the main outcome measure of this prospective study was the diagnostic utility of UBD in patients with lower-limb CRPS. Second, we compared the extent of unilateral and contralateral calcaneal bone density to that of other conditions with unilateral pain, general oste...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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