Occupational Rhinitis: Classification, Diagnosis, and Therapeutics

AbstractPurpose of ReviewOccupational rhinitis (OR), an inflammatory disease of the nose, refers to any nasal symptoms reported to be work-related. The purpose of this review is to provide a current overview of the classification, diagnosis, and treatment of OR.Recent FindingsOccupational rhinitis (OR) can further be  classified into allergic or non-allergic depending on the causative agent(s) and pathogenesis. Presenting symptoms are similar to non-OR including nasal congestion, anterior and posterior rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nasal itching. Despite its high prevalence in a spectrum of workplaces, OR is under reported as it is often considered a nuisance rather than a potential precursor to occupational asthma (OA). The diagnosis of OR is obfuscated as it is difficult to determine if this condition was caused by environmental determinants in or outside the workplace. Furthermore, workers may have a pre-e xisting history of allergic or non-allergic rhinitis leading the clinician and worker to overlook inciting agents in the workplace. In this case, a diagnosis of OR is still possible depending on the exposures but must be differentiated from work-exacerbated rhinitis. Further complicating the diagn osis of OR is the lack of evidence-based research focused on this condition as it is often trivialized due to the perception that it has an insignificant impact on the worker’s health. The reality is that OR can have a significant impact on the worker’s q...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: March 2020Source: Developmental Review, Volume 55Author(s): Saoirse Mac Cárthaigh, Claire Griffin, John PerryAbstractObtaining sufficient sleep is a protective factor against mental and physical ill-health. However, evidence suggests that, among adolescents, the proliferation of mobile devices has contributed to a decline in sleep quality and duration over the past few decades. There is a paucity of research on the relationship between sleep and problematic smartphone use. Of the studies which have researched this association, all have relied on homogeneous samples within specific cultural contexts...
Source: Developmental Review - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy of ketotifen fumarate and budesonide administered as nasal sprays to treat allergic rhinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 allergic rhinitis patients, who were admitted to our hospital in recent years, were selected as research subjectes. All patients were treated with ketotifen fumarate and budesonide administered as nasal sprays. Clinical efficacy was evaluated after treatment. RESULTS: After treatment, the symptoms of nasal obstruction, nasal itching, sneezing, and runny nose significantly improved, and the score of these symptoms was significantly lower ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Source Type: research
We present a mathematical model of human sleep/wake regulation with thermoregulatory functions to gain quantitative insight into the effects of ambient temperature on sleep quality. Our model extends previous models by incorporating equations for the metabolic processes that control thermoregulation during sleep. We present numerical simulations that provide a quantitative answer for how humans adjust by changing the normal sleep stage progression when it is challenged with ambient temperatures away from thermoneutral. We explore the dynamics for a single night and several nights. Our results indicate that including the ef...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is highly co-occurring with both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). This is concerning since insomnia contributes to worse substance abuse and PTSD, and a host of negative health consequences. No...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
PURPOSE: In physically demanding occupations or athletic populations, sleep has been shown to be an important factor for both performance and recovery. However, evidence is limited on sleep duration and its association with musculoskeletal injury risk in p...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Objective/Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and related conditions (e.g., depression) are common in Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) veterans. High anxiety sensitivity (AS), def...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Conditions:   Dystonia Disorder;   Parkinson Disease Interventions:   Drug: Botulinum toxin type A;   Drug: Placebo Sponsors:   University of Calgary;   Allergan Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Seasonal allergies can be frustrating. When spring crawls in, many people begin to experience all-too-familiar itchy and watery eyes, runny nose, and congestion. Symptoms of seasonal allergies are the result of an immune system in overdrive in response to pollen and other allergens. Those bothersome symptoms are intended to protect you from unwanted foreign particles, but in this situation they end up causing misery. There are quite a few options when it comes to controlling allergy symptoms, but we want to watch out for a few that can be quite dangerous when used incorrectly. Nasal steroids The first-line treatment for se...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Asthma and Allergies Ear, nose, and throat Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: This study provides evidence that UNGD is associated with nasal and sinus, migraine headache, and fatigue symptoms in a general population representative sample. Citation: Tustin AW, Hirsch AG, Rasmussen SG, Casey JA, Bandeen-Roche K, Schwartz BS. 2017. Associations between unconventional natural gas development and nasal and sinus, migraine headache, and fatigue symptoms in Pennsylvania. Environ Health Perspect 125:189–197; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP281 Address correspondence to B.S. Schwartz, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., Room W7041, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA. Te...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Articles February 2017 Source Type: research
More News: Allergy | Allergy & Immunology | Asthma | Environmental Health | Hay Fever | Headache | Occupational Health | Sinusitis | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine