Strong Data, Local Relationships: The Future of HIV Care in Tanzania Starts Here

By Margarite Nathe, Principal Editor/Writer, IntraHealth International ; Lucy Mphuru, Country Director&Project Director, Tohara Plus Project Lucy Mphuru (center left) talks with health workers and clients at an IntraHealth-supported mobile clinic in Shinyanga that provides voluntary male circumcision services. Photo by Trevor Snapp for IntraHealth International.November 26, 2019Lucy Mphuru has a big job.Every day, she and her team at IntraHealth International in Tanzania work with frontline health workers and government partners to improve health services in a country of 58 million—1.6 million of whom live with HIV.In 2018, there were 72,000 new HIV infections in Tanzania, and 24,000 people died from AIDS-related causes. The country hasa way to go toward its 90-90-90 goals—gender inequality and stigma against people who live with HIV make this work much tougher.But Mphuru and her team are getting results.This year alone, they’ve reached over 450,000 men.In the seven lake regions, they’ve partnered with the Government of Tanzania to provide voluntary medical male circumcision services (VMMC), which lower men’s risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual sex byaround 60%. Since 2016, they’ve boosted VMMC access and uptake by over 200% and decreased the cost per client by nearly 40%.This year alone, they’ve reached over 450,000 men with VMMC services.Mphuru sat down with us to answer three questions about how her team is shaping...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: HIV & AIDS Community Engagement Leadership and Governance World AIDS Day Health Workforce Systems Source Type: news

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This study examined for the first time the effect on malolactic fermentation of an autochthonous Oenococcus oeni PG-16, which was isolated following alcohol fermentation of red-fleshed apple cider. The chemical composition and volatile characteristics of red-fleshed apple ciders produced via simultaneous and sequential inoculation of yeast with either PG-16 or a commercial O. oeni 1 strain were examined. The fermentations were monitored by measuring cell viability and organic acid metabolism. Irrespective of the inoculation mode, malic acid and citric acid were rapidly degraded in the presence of PG-16 during alcoholic fer...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the printability and post-processing capacity of cookie dough in extrusion-based 3D printing by modifying the recipe without the addition of gums or stabilizers. Cookie dough formulations with different types of fat (butter and shortening), flour (wheat, rice, and tapioca), the amount of non-fat milk (32.5 or 65 g/100 g flour), and the sugar level (37.5 or 55 g/100 g flour) were investigated for their printability and post-processing capacity. Rheological properties, microstructure, and printability of printing inks were monitored while the moisture loss and dim...
Source: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study, from the perspective of “whole food”, aimed to investigate the composition of TFE and further explore its possible health-promoting effects on cyclophosphamide-induced mice. It was found that TFE was mainly composed of carbohydrates (34.02 ± 1.42%), phenolic compounds (11.57 ± 0.14%), crude proteins (27.72 ± 3.07%) and saponins (2.81 ± 0.00%). Supplementation of TFE at 200 mg/kg·BW/d regulated intestinal homeostasis by improving the intestinal barrier, alleviating dysbacteriosis (reverse 44 of 68 disordered genera), stim...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Zhan Ye, Chen Cao, Qiu Li, Yong-jiang Xu, Yuanfa LiuAbstractPalm oil (PO), leaf lard oil (LO), rapeseed oil (RO), sunflower oil (SO), and linseed oil (LINO) are the five of the most typical dietary lipids, while few studies have explored and compared their influences on the serum lipid profiles, colonic short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) composition and colon health of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. Results from the present work showed that PO and LO groups showed significantly higher serum TG and TC level compared with Ctrl group, whe...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Xiaqing Wu, Guowen Zhang, Mingming Hu, Junhui Pan, Ang Li, Ying ZhangAbstractAs one of the most reactive dicarbonyl compounds, methylglyoxal (MGO) can react with protein to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs), then promoting the development of diabetic complications. Hence, it is significant for preventing protein glycation mediated by MGO. Here, the anti-glycation potential and mechanism of gallocatechin gallate (GCG) as an active ingredient of green tea were investigated. It was found that GCG exhibit good scavenging activitie...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In conclusion, unlike traditional alheiras which often contain pathogenic agents, no harmful organisms nor chemical hazards were found in these new products, even though produced by the same companies.
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Chang JW, Lee HW, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Han KH, Kim SU Abstract Background/Aims: The hepatic steatosis index (HSI) is a noninvasive method to assess the severity of hepatic steatosis. Antiviral therapy (AVT) can impact aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels, which are the main components of the HSI. Thus, we investigated the accuracy of the HSI in detecting hepatic steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) receiving AVT, compared with those not receiving AVT and in those with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: Patients with CHB or NAFLD who unde...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Conclusions: The level of knowledge of HCV is suboptimal, and the self-reported testing rate for HCV is less than 10%; however, once HCV infection is diagnosed, the treatment rate seems to be high in South Korea. More active campaigns and effective screening are needed. PMID: 32066209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Diagnostic Performance of Serum Asialo α1-Acid Glycoprotein Levels to Predict Liver Cirrhosis. Gut Liver. 2020 Feb 20;: Authors: Lim DH, Kim M, Jun DW, Kwak MJ, Yoon JH, Lee KN, Lee HL, Lee OY, Yoon BC, Choi HS, Kang BK Abstract Background/Aims: To date, studies on various noninvasive techniques have been suggested to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of serum asialo α1-acid glycoprotein (AsAGP) in the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis compared with chronic hepatitis for clinically useful result. Methods: We conducted a case-control study o...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the effects on lamb meat quality of replacing the soybean meal and corn diet with peanut meal and crude glycerin. A total of 40 lambs, with an initial body weight of 17.15 ± 1.56 kg, were divided into four biodiesel by-product treatment groups: a no-treatment control, peanut meal, crude glycerin, and peanut meal + crude glycerin. The roughage-to-concentrate ratio was 40:60 in all diets. Peanut meal, crude glycerin, and their combination had no effect on the physicochemical characteristics of the meat, except the fatty acid profile. The meat from animals...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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