Update in the Evaluation and Management of Perioperative Stroke

AbstractPurpose of reviewThis review will review the current knowledge and gaps in the literature on the relationship between surgery and ischemic stroke.FindingsSurgery and ischemic stroke are interrelated phenomena as surgery is an independent risk factor for stroke and perioperative stroke increases morbidity and mortality leading to poor outcomes after surgery. This relationship and the risk of adverse outcome apply not only the clinically apparent stroke in the perioperative period but also clinically silent brain infarction detected only on radiological studies. The risk of perioperative stroke depends on several factors including (i) patient-related factors (age, history of prior stroke, and other comorbidities), (ii) procedure-related factors (type of surgery/procedure, use of cardiopulmonary bypass, antiplatelet/antithrombotic interruption, and metabolic derangement), and (iii) perioperative atrial fibrillation.SummaryWith observation and retrospective data, the literature is limited to prevention and management of perioperative stroke.
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: We found that even moderate serum levels of NT-proBNP were associated with the risk of total and ischemic strokes among Japanese whose NT-proBNP levels were relatively low compared with Westerners. PMID: 31932552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Prompt detection of atrial fibrillation (AF) is essential for optimal secondary stroke prevention, but routine long-term cardiac monitoring of all ischemic stroke patients is neither practical nor affordable. We aimed to develop and validate a risk score to identify patients at risk for newly diagnosed AF (NDAF) after ischemic stroke.
Source: Atherosclerosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
We examined frequency, clinical characteristics and AF‐related management and outcomes amongst this patient population.MethodsWe retrospectively studied consecutive probands with inherited cardiomyopathy (n=962) and inherited arrhythmia syndromes (n=195) evaluated between 2002 ‐2018.ResultsAF was observed in 5 ‐31% of patients, with the highest frequency in HCM. Age of AF onset was 45.8 ± 21.9 years in the inherited arrhythmia syndromes compared to 53.3 ± 15.3 years in the inherited cardiomyopathies, with 4 CPVT patients developing AF at median age of 20 years. Overall, 11% of patients with AF had a t r...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: In China, dabigatran and rivaroxaban are the only approved non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The goal of this article was to assess the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in Chinese patients with AF from the perspective of the Chinese health care system. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban. Clinical events were modeled for a lifetime horizon, based on clinical efficacy data from indirect treatment...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionAmong patients with AF, OSA is an independent risk factor for MACNE and, more specifically, stroke/SE.Graphical Abstract
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Low-dose aspirin reduces the frequency of adverse vascular events in those at increased risk of occlusive cardiovascular disease (CVD). People who benefit include those: with a history of myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke, unstable or stable angina, peripheral arterial disease, or atrial fibrillation (1). The pathophysiology of CVD risk contributes to cognitive decline through multiple pathways that include cerebral hypo-perfusion, hypoxia, hippocampal atrophy, emboli, or infarcts (2,3). However, the value of aspirin use in prevention of cognitive impairment remains uncertain since results relating to the influence o...
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Background: The efficacy of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure remains controversial, and it is unclear which patient groups are best benefited. We performed this meta-analysis to clarify the efficacy of PFO closure of younger patients for prevention of recurrent ischemic neurological events. Methods: We systematically searched for studies of PFO closure for younger patients under the age of 55, and pooled available data on PFO closure of younger vs older patients and on PFO closure of younger patients vs medical therapy. The primary endpoints were the composite outcome of recurrent ischemic neurological events [strok...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
The prognosis of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is poorer in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) than patients without AF, which might be related to the greater stroke severity in AF patients. Higher pre-stroke CHA2DS2-VASc scores are associated with greater stroke severity and poorer outcomes. AF Patients tend to have higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores than the non-AF patients. We thus hypothesized that pre-stroke CHA2DS2-VASc scores can be used to improve outcome stratification of IV thrombolysis therapy in acute stroke patients with and without AF....
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
To examine the role of the CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive heart failure; Hypertension; Age ≥75 years [doubled]; Diabetes; previous Stroke, transient ischemic attack, or thromboembolism [doubled]; Vascular disease; Age 65-75 years; and Sex category) score as a prognostic marker of in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients who develop new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF).
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 26Author(s): Aditya Bhat, Shaun Khanna, Henry H. Chen, Lina Lee, Gary C.H. Gan, Kazuaki Negishi, C. Raina MacIntyre, Maria Carmo P. Nunes, Timothy C. TanAbstractBackgroundStroke is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality with a significant percentage classified as cryptogenic. Left atrial (LA) remodelling, a substrate for atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke development, may play a role in identification of the aetiology of cryptogenic stroke. We aimed to examine LA function to gain mechanistic insights into the pathophysiology of cryptog...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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