Prescription drug monitoring programs and neonatal outcomes

Publication date: Available online 25 November 2019Source: Regional Science and Urban EconomicsAuthor(s): Rania Gihleb, Osea Giuntella, Ning ZhangAbstractOver the last two decades, the number of delivering mothers using or dependent on opiates has increased dramatically, giving rise to a five-fold increase in the proportion of babies born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). First, the current study documents NAS trends in the United States and their substantial variation across states. Second, it explores the relationship, if any, between the adoption of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) and reductions in NAS incidence across the United States. We find that the introduction of operational PDMPs reduced NAS incidence in the United States by 10%. We also examined the effects on birth outcomes, infant mortality, and other pregnancy complications and find little evidence of any effect of PDMPs on birth weight, premature births, and infant mortality.
Source: Regional Science and Urban Economics - Category: Science Source Type: research

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Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Brigham and Women's Hospital Dr. Mallika Marshall Source Type: news
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Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
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Source: Women and Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Mashau F, Ncube EJ, Voyi K Abstract The current study aimed to determine the association between trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) levels and adverse pregnancy outcomes among third-trimester pregnant women who were exposed to chlorinated drinking water. A total of 205 pregnant women who participated in the disinfection by-products exposure and adverse pregnancy outcome study in South Africa were randomly asked to participate in this study by providing their morning urine sample voids. Samples were analysed for urinary creatinine and TCAA. Furthermore, participants gave individual data using a structured question...
Source: Journal of Water and Health - Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Water Health Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime overnight Pregnancy Source Type: news
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Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Premature Babies Babies and Infants Pregnancy and Childbirth Source Type: news
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Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: The improvement in surgical techniques has contributed to an increasing number of childbearing women with complex congenital heart disease (CCC). However, adequate counseling about pregnancy in this situation is uncertain, due to a wide variety of residual cardiac lesions. Objectives: To evaluate fetal and maternal outcomes in pregnant women with CCC and to analyze the predictive variables of prognosis. Methods: During 10 years we followed 435 consecutive pregnancies in patients (pts) with congenital heart disease. Among of them, we selected 42 pregnancies in 40 (mean age of 25.5 ± 4.5 years) pt...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: IDSOG Abstract Source Type: research
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