Ventricular septal defect and infective endocarditis.

Ventricular septal defect and infective endocarditis. Acta Cardiol. 2019 Nov 24;:1-2 Authors: Bernard AC, Marchetta S, Dulgheru R, Pierard LA, Lancellotti P PMID: 31762396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): I. Chamtouri, A. Farah, R. Khalifa, W. Jomaa, K. Ben Hamda, F. MaatoukIntroductionDespite the progress in diagnostic modalities and therapeutic strategies, Infective endocarditis remains a lethal disease especially in children.AimWe aimed to update current characteristics of infective endocarditis in children and to identify complications.Patients and methodsWe carried out in our department a retrospective study including 40 children diagnosed with infective endocarditis (IE) between 1983 and 2017.ResultsFort...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issue 1Author(s): A. Rique, P. Aldebert, E. Aries, M. Orabona, V. Fouilloux, C. Ovaert, F. El LoualiIntroductionInfective endocarditis (IE) in children is unfrequent but potentially serious. The aim of the present study was to describe our pediatric population and to highlight the differences with the adult population.MethodsIn this retrospective monocentric cohort, 52 consecutive children with IE were included between January, 2000 and May, 2018.ResultsThe median age was 9 [4-14] years. Thirty-two (61.5%) children had congeni...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the early and mid-term outcomes of aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium in the treatment of aortic valve regurgitation.From January 2015 to March 2018, 36 patients (19 men; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age, 46.70 ± 16.60 years) underwent aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium. The bovine pericardium was intraoperatively measured and shaped using an Ozaki template, according to the shape and size of the individual patient's aortic valve leaflets. Additional procedures were performed, including ventricular septal defect repair in 5 cases, mitral valve reconstr...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
ConclusionsInfective endocarditis in patients with CHD is an ongoing clinical challenge. In contemporary practice in tertiary congenital centres, 1/15 patients do not survive to hospital discharge. Streptococci remain the most common causative organism, and antecedent dental or medical procedures were undertaken in a significant minority in the three months before diagnosis. The presence of an atrioventricular septal defect or staphylococcal infection is associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We present a patient with a known ventricular septal defect presenting with recurrent fevers associated with migratory lung nodules following a “low‐risk” dental procedure without antibiotic prophylaxis. The unusual presentation delayed the diagnosis of the migratory lung lesions as septic pulmonary emboli and consequentially the diagnosis of ventricular septal defect related infective endocarditis. The patient made an uneventful reco very following antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention.
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
This Medicine MCQ Test Series contains 20 questions which can be attempted over 40 seconds each. After submission, answers and discussion will be displayed. Medicine MCQ Test Series 1 Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information ...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Medicine MCQ - CVS Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: There is a change in the spectrum and antimicrobial susceptibility of organisms causing IE. We encountered several difficulties with the use of the MDC as 43.5% patients had no predisposing factors for IE and blood cultures were negative in 22.6% cases. In our study, PVE was the most common predisposing condition for IE. VGS followed by enterococci were found to be the commonest cause for IE in our setting. Both organisms show variable drug resist patterns. MRSA was isolated in 1 patient only. Thus vancomycin may not be required as empiric treatment in our setting. This is important from the perspective of anti...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Clinical Case Reports, EarlyView.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Congenital Heart Disease, EarlyView.
Source: Congenital Heart Disease - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Locations of vegetations in endocarditis depends on direction of the blood flow jet which causes jet lesions at the site which it impinges, causing damage to the endothelium. It is at this region that small thrombi can form and become a nidus for vegetations. In ventricular septal defect (VSD), there is a left to right jet from the left ventricle to right ventricle. The smaller the size of the VSD, higher the pressure gradient between the two ventricles and greater the velocity of the jet and chance for jet lesion. For the same reason, endocarditis is more common in small VSD and rare in large VSD. When there is a jet, th...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
More News: Cardiology | Endocarditis | Heart | Hole in the Heart | Infective Endocarditis | Ventricular Septal Defect