Association of MicroRNA 196a and 499 Polymorphisms with Development of Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma Post-HCV Infection in Egyptian Patients.

This study was conducted to investigate the role of genetic variants of miR-196a2 (rs 11614913) C>T and miR-499 (rs 3746444) A>G in the development of cirrhosis and HCC in Egyptian HCV infected patients. Genotyping of the candidate SNPs was performed by Real Time PCR in 75 HCV-related HCC patients, 75 cirrhotic patients on top of HCV and 75 healthy controls. There was significant difference in miR-499 (rs3746444) genotypes frequency between the three studied groups as the GG genotype was significantly lower in HCC cases than other groups (P = 0.009) while the combined miR-499 (AA+AG) genotypes were significantly higher in HCC cases than other groups (P = 0.005). Also a significant difference was found in miR-499 genotypes frequency when compared between HCC and cirrhosis groups as the GG genotype was significantly lower in HCC cases than cirrhosis group (P = 0.006) while the combined miR-499 (AA+AG) genotypes were significantly higher in HCC cases than in cirrhosis group (P = 0.003) [OR (95% CI) = 0.131 (0.028-0.601)]. The frequency of the G allele was significantly lower in HCC than other groups (P = 0.024) and significantly lower in HCC than normal group (P = 0.006) [OR (95%CI) = 0.501 (0.304-0.825)]. For miR-196a2 (rs11614913) C>T polymorphisms, no significant association was found with HCC risk. Our study concluded that the G allele of miR-499 is associated with lower risk of HCV related HCC development. No significant association of miR-196a2 (rs 11614913), geno...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer related death worldwide with a poor prognosis. Alcoholic liver disease accounts for approximately one-third of all HCC cases. Current evidence proved that aberrant over-expression of TNFRSF12A correlates with the severity of disease, making it a likely indicator of disease a more aggressive and worse prognosis outcome. Emerging studies have confirmed that epigenetic changes are critical events in the development and progression of liver cancer. The study to investigate the mechanisms by which alcohol abuse mediated changes in the methylation level of TNFRS...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Oxidative stress is closely related to the occurrence and development of various diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular and infectious diseases. We identified six critical genetic variants related to oxidative stress, and evaluated their main effects and their interaction effects on hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced liver diseases. We enrolled 3,128 Han Chinese subjects into five groups: healthy controls, chronic hepatitis B (CHB), liver cirrhosis (LC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and natural clearance. We then determined the genotypes in each group for CYBA-rs4673, NCF4-rs1883112, NOX4-rs1836882, rs301788...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
k A Abstract BACKGROUND: There is ongoing search for new noninvasive biomarkers to improve management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Studies, mostly from the Asian-Pacific region, demonstrated differential expression of liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) in tissue as well as in sera of patients with hepatitis B virus- and hepatitis C virus-induced HCC. AIM: To evaluate prognostic value of miR-122 in patients with HCC in a European population and determine potential factors related to alteration of miR-122 in sera. METHODS: Patients with confirmed HCC (n = 91) were included in the stu...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Lee YR, Park SY, Tak WY Abstract Background/Aims: The treatment outcomes and prognostic markers of acute variceal bleeding (AVB) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients remain unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of AVB in HCC patients. Methods: Cirrhotic patients with endoscopically confirmed AVB between 2007 and 2013 were enrolled in this prospective study. Prognostic factors were identified by multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Results: Among the 329 enrolled patients, 125 patients (38.0%) were diagnosed with HCC. The 6-week mor...
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Semin Liver Dis DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3399534Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is the most common type of liver cancer which is derived mostly from the background of chronic inflammation. Chronic hepatitis viral infection remains one of the most common etiologies implicated in chronic liver inflammation, cirrhosis, and HCC. With such background inflammation, immunotherapy—particularly the checkpoint inhibitors—have been tested in HCC patients with unprecedented success. However, despite the initial enthusiasm, the response rate to immunotherapy remains modest in most clinical trials (approximately 20%), with mixed ...
Source: Seminars in Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
wu Liao Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignant tumor worldwide; however, the traditional therapeutic approaches and survival rates are still limited. To improve current therapies, it is necessary to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying liver cancer and to identify potential therapeutic targets. The aims of this study were to verify the mechanisms and therapeutic potential of the ketogenesis rate-limiting enzyme 3-Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase 2 (HMGCS2) in HCC. Immunohistochemical staining of human liver disease tissue arrays showed that HMGCS2 is abundantly expressed in ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe additive risk of T2DM for HCC development was highest in patients with NASH. HCC risk may vary depending on the underlying etiology.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ra Grieco The biological clock controls at the molecular level several aspects of mammalian physiology, by regulating daily oscillations of crucial biological processes such as nutrient metabolism in the liver. Disruption of the circadian clock circuitry has recently been identified as an independent risk factor for cancer and classified as a potential group 2A carcinogen to humans. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the prevailing histological type of primary liver cancer, one of the most important causes of cancer-related death worldwide. HCC onset and progression is related to B and C viral hepatitis, alcoholic an...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: The constantly increasing prevalence of NAFLD in the general population can contribute to a growing role of NAFLD/NASH in HCC epidemiology. Moreover, some particular challenges specific for patients with liver steatosis may impede proper HCC diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. PMID: 31631714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
idinis Liver cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide due to late diagnosis and scarcity of treatment options. The major risk factor for liver cancer is cirrhosis with the underlying causes of cirrhosis being viral infection (hepatitis B or C), metabolic deregulation (Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the presence of obesity and diabetes), alcohol or cholestatic disorders. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid with numerous effects, most of them compatible with the hallmarks of cancer (proliferation, migration, invasion, survival, evasion of apoptosis, deregulated metabolism, ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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