Overdose, suicide rates fuel life expectancy drops for working age Americans

An analysis of U.S. life expectancy finds risk for death among adults under age 65 is increasing due to opioid drug overdose and suicide, among other causes -- which experts point out is not happening in other countries.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This is not new news, but it's strong confirmation of earlier observations that have been somewhat controversial, and also bad news that the trend is continuing.That trend is declining life expectancy in the U.S. I'm not linking to the full report in JAMA because it's incredibly wonky and behind a paywall anyway, but rather to the associated editorial, which tells you what you need to know.Before we get into the substance of this, let me explain the concept of life expectancy. I'll try to put this simply, but some people find it confusing. It's really a fictitious, though useful, construct. It isn't really a prediction of ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - Category: American Health Source Type: blogs
Life expectancy among people living in the United States has fallen in recent years, driven in part by an uptick in deaths among young and middle-aged adults from drug overdose, alcohol consumption, and suicide, according to areport published today inJAMA.“The implications of increasing midlife mortality are broad, affecting working-age adults and thus employers, the economy, health care, and national security. The trends also affect children, whose parents are more likely to die in midlife and whose own health could be at risk when they reach that age, or sooner,” wrote Steven Woolf, M.D., M.P.H., and Heidi Sc...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: alcohol CDC drug overdose Heidi Schoomaker Howard K. Koh JAMA Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 middle-aged adults Steven Woolf suicide U.S. life expectancy young adults Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results show 4-MP effectively reduced oxidative metabolism of APAP in human volunteers ingesting a supratherapeutic APAP dose. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03878693. PMID: 31768936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: J Med Toxicol Source Type: research
Objective: To determine the differences in the incidences and risks of suicide attempt (SA) and suicidal drug overdose (SDO) between patients with epilepsy with and without comorbid depression by using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Re...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Every day in the United States, 130 people die of opioid-related causes [1]. In 2017, there were 47,600 overdose deaths related to opioids, which accounted for approximately two-thirds of all drug overdose deaths that year [2]. Patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) who present to emergency departments are especially vulnerable, as they are at higher risk for fatal overdose, trauma and suicide, than patients not seen in emergency departments [4,5,32,33]. Despite the need for increased hospital engagement in mortality-reducing efforts, it stands that many physicians are unfamiliar with addiction treatment best practices an...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Risks of SA and SDO in patients with epilepsy are proportionally increased when depression is coexisted. Our findings provide crucial information for clinicians and the government for suicide prevention and to question whether prescribing a large number of medications to patients with epilepsy and depression is safe.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Having a concussion within the past year may raise the risk of suicidal ideation and behavior in high school students, according to astudy in theJournal of Affective Disorders.Dale S. Mantey, M.P.A., of the University of Texas School of Public Health and colleagues used data from more than 13,000 respondents in grades 9 through 12 who participated in the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBSS). The national YRBSS is conducted every two years by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to monitor health behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth a...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: concussion Dale Mantey depressive symptoms Journal of Affective Disorders suicide Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey Source Type: research
Authors: Baldessarini RJ Abstract Suicide and suicide attempts have become more prevalent in recent years, with notable increases in the US in all age groups and geographic locations. Risk of suicide is particularly high among patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder or severe depression, especially when associated with mixed features or agitation, or with co-occurring substance abuse. Factors contributing to such risk include relative social and geographic isolation and low access to sources of support or clinical care. In addition, unemployment, poverty, demoralisation and opioid abuse have been identified as imp...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsCause of death of the male corpse was deemed to be due to heroin intoxication as the blood concentration of morphine was more than the lethal concentration with a morphine/codeine ratio of more than 1:1. Methomyl intoxication of the male corpse was unlikely to be the cause of death because methomyl systemic blood concentration was found to be very low,
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
‚ÄčA 15-year-old girl was brought to the emergency department by EMS after a seizure witnessed by her mother. She admitted that she had ingested "a handful of pills" in a suicide attempt five hours earlier. The mother said her daughter had a history of cutting but no prior suicide attempts.Her past medical history was significant for depression, for which she took bupropion XL, and she reported past alcohol and marijuana use. Her initial vital signs were a temperature of 97.9°F, a pulse of 162 bpm, a blood pressure of 127/65 mm Hg, a respiratory rate of 14 bpm, and a pulse ox of 100% on room air. Her exam was...
Source: The Tox Cave - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
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