A generation to end the harm: Diabetes UK strategy 20202025

The number of people who are obese in England has almost doubled in the past 20 years from 6.9 to 13 million, according to new analysis from Diabetes UK. This analysis is released along with its new strategy to mark World Diabetes Day 2019. The report lays out its goals for the next five years.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Elisangela Aparecida Nazario Franco, Ana Sanches-Silva, Regiane Ribeiro-Santos, Nathália Ramos de MeloAbstractBackgroundFiber intake has been associated with a lower risk of developing various chronic diseases such as metabolic diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia). In this line, psyllium presents a high content of soluble fiber, associated with health benefits.Scope and approachThe aim of this review is to evaluate the scientific evidence of psyllium health benefits. The nutritional properties of ps...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite differences between adults with SCI and adults with CVD in several demographic and health-related measures, the overall similarity in PARs for SCI and CVD suggests potential benefits from using effective CVD interventions to address SCI. PMID: 31835014 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Introduction Intestinal metabolism and microbiota profiles are impaired in obesity and insulin resistance. Moreover, dysbiotic gut microbiota has been suggested to promote systemic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance through the release of endotoxins particularly lipopolysaccharides. We have previously shown that exercise training improves intestinal metabolism in healthy men. To understand whether changes in intestinal metabolism interact with gut microbiota and its release of inflammatory markers, we studied the effects of sprint interval (SIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on intestinal m...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research
BEST supplements for weight loss: Losing weight is extremely important as weighing too much is not good for one ’s health. Being overweight increases a person's risk of health conditions such as heart problems, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Luckily, there is a supplement one can take to help make the journey of weight loss a bit easier.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
In this study, palmitic acid (PA, 0.8 mM for 24 h) induced the expression of miR-221 that bound to phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) mRNA to inhibit glucose uptake by HepG2 cells. Compared with controls, PA significantly decreased glucose uptake, increased insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) and miR-221 expression, and decreased phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), and glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) mRNA expression. Luciferase reporter assay revealed that miR-221 binding inhibited PI3K expression. Transfection of HepG2 cells with an miR-221 mimic induced miR-221 expression and inhibi...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Danio rerio (zebrafish) is an elective model organism for the study of vertebrate development because of its high degree of homology with human genes and organs, including bone. Zebrafish embryos, because of the optical clarity, small size, and fast development, can be easily used in large-scale mutagenesis experiments to isolate mutants with developmental skeletal defects and in high-throughput screenings to find new chemical compounds for the ability to revert the pathological phenotype. On the other hand, the adult zebrafish represents another powerful resource for pathogenic and therapeutic studies ab...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Jens Juul Holst, Mette Marie RosenkildeAbstractRecently GIP-GLP-1 co-agonists with powerful effects on glycemic control and body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes have been described. While such effects are the expected ones from a glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonist, similar contributions from the GIP component of the co-agonist would be surprising and contrast to the existing literature. Conventionally, GIP is thought of as an important incretin hormone regulating postprandial insulin secretion in glucose tolerant individuals, but suc...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)—Americas Working GroupSummaryBackgroundDescribing the prevalence and trends of cardiometabolic risk factors that are associated with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is crucial for monitoring progress, planning prevention, and providing evidence to support policy efforts. We aimed to analyse the transition in body-mass index (BMI), obesity, blood pressure, raised blood pressure, and diabetes in the Americas, between 1980 and 2014.MethodsWe did a pooled analysis of population-based studi...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): Fernando Lanas, Pamela Seron
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study aimed to estimate MetS status and its associations with geography, economic development, birth weight, and parental education of Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were derived from 15,045 participants aged 7-18 years across seven Chinese provinces. Physical measurement and blood tests were conducted to assess the five classical MetS components described by the International Diabetes Federation, including abdominal obesity (the essential component), high blood pressure, low high-density cholesterol (HDL-C), high triglyceride, and elevated fasting glucose (FG). Logistic regression was adopted to ...
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
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