The point prevalence of respiratory syncytial virus in hospital and community-based studies in children from Northern Australia: studies in a 'high-risk' population.

CONCLUSION: Combined data from 11 hospital and community-based studies of children aged less than 18 years who lived in communities with a high burden of acute and chronic respiratory illness showed that RSV was second only to HRV as the most prevalent virus detected across all settings. RSV was the most frequently detected virus in infants hospitalised with bronchiolitis, including those aged less than 6 months. In contrast, RSV was uncommonly detected in children in community settings. In northern Australia, effective maternal and infant RSV vaccines could substantially reduce RSV bronchiolitis-related hospitalisations, including admissions of Indigenous infants from remote communities. PMID: 31759384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Mahoney CJ, Kiernan MC PMID: 31944304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Authors: Çam İ, Şengül E, Kale A, Ulukaradag E, Öztürk O, Yalnız A, Çakır Ö PMID: 31941398 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Amy Janssen, Angus Leahy, Thierno M.O. Diallo, Jordan J. Smith, Sarah Kennedy, Narelle Eather, Myrto Mavilidi, Annemarie Wagemakers, Mark J. Babic, David R. LubansAbstractPhysical activity interventions that promote cardiorespiratory (CRF) and muscular fitness (MF) may improve mental health in young adolescents. However, less is known about the links between fitness and mental health in older adolescents, as they are an understudied population. In addition, the association between MF and adolescents' mental health is less clear than it ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Introduction Most road traffic crash injuries are minor to moderate in severity, but can still lead to persistent disability. One aspect of this disability is being unable to return to paid employment. Being unable to work has follow-on effects for person...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of chronic otitis media (OM) and hearing impairment (HI) in Aboriginal children in the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia. Children affected by these disorders are believed to be at increased r...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conclusion: In northern Australia, effective maternal and infant RSV vaccines could substantially reduce RSV bronchiolitis-related hospitalisations, including admissions of Indigenous infants.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric respiratory epidemiology Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: The Brass Tacks: Concise reviews of published evidence Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30461126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
We examined associations between residential distance to roadways, traffic density, and infant bronchiolitis and OM risk. PM2.5 was not associated with infant bronchiolitis (OR=1.02, 95% CI=1.00, 1.04) and inversely associated with OM (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.95, 0.99). There was no evidence of effect modification. Compared to infants living near low traffic density, infants residing in high traffic density had elevated risk of bronchiolitis (OR=1.23, 95% CI=1.14, 1.31) but not OM (OR=0.98, 95% CI=0.93, 1.02) clinical encounter. We did not find strong evidence to support an association between early-life long-term PM2.5 exposure...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundVitamin D has immune‐modulating effects. We determined whether vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy and infancy prevents aeroallergen sensitization and primary care respiratory illness presentations. MethodsA randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled parallel‐group trial. We assigned pregnant women, from 27‐week gestation to birth, and then their infants, from birth to 6 months, to placebo or one of two dosages of daily oral vitamin D. Woman/infant pairs were randomized to: placebo/placebo, 1000 IU/400 IU or 2000 IU/800 IU. When the children were 18 months old, we measured serum‐spec...
Source: Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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