DTI-MRI links obesity to areas of white-matter damage

Diffusion-tensor MR images (DTI-MRI) have revealed signs of brain damage in...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: DTI-MRI shows varying results from football hits to head MRI links screen time to differences in kids' brains Can MRI of healthy brains explain head trauma damage? MRI shows effect of Ritalin on kids' brains Appetite controls disrupted in obese teens' brains
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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PMID: 32213150 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Authors: Sen B, Sharma P, Blackburn J, Morrisey M, Corvey K, Menachemi N, Caldwell C, Becker D Abstract Background: The increase in pediatric obesity rates is well documented. The extent of corresponding increases in diagnoses of obesity-related conditions (Ob-Cs) and associated medical costs for children in public insurance programs is unknown. Methods: Retrospective claims data linked to enrollees' demographic data for Alabama's Children's Health Insurance Program (ALL Kids) 1999-2015 were used. Multivariate linear probability models were used to estimate the likelihood of having any Ob-C diagnoses. Two-part mode...
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Authors: Choi JH, Noh JR, Kim YH, Kim JH, Kang EJ, Choi DH, Choi JH, An JP, Oh WK, Lee CH Abstract Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to a serious extent. It is a chronic disease that can lead to dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we investigated the anti-obesity effects of Sicyos angulatus (SA) extract on a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced C57BL/6J obese mice. The mice were divided into vehicle and three SA groups (25, 50, and 100 mg/kg body weight). The mice were fed a HFD with or without SA for 12 weeks. The oral administration of SA reduc...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
Concern about weight gain is a commonly perceived side-effect of highly effective contraceptives, particularly in adolescents. To determine if initiation and use of etonogestrel implants is associated with differential weight gain in overweight or obese patients compared those with normal weight.
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Gold PA, Garbarino L, Sodhi N, Barrack R, Springer BD, Mont MA Abstract The demographics of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients are changing. Individuals are more active, younger, and more obese. These changing demographics and a higher demand for longevity creates a new challenge for reliable and long-term implant fixation. Historically, cemented fixation has remained the gold standard, as cementless design and techniques from the 1980s and 1990s did not obtain long-term positive outcomes due to a failure of ingrowth onto the implants. Advances in the modern-day cementless TKA designs appear to have ov...
Source: Surgical Technology International - Category: Surgery Tags: Surg Technol Int Source Type: research
Authors: Rudy HL, Cho W, Oster BA, Tarpada SP, Moran-Atkin E Abstract Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Purpose: To determine the effects of massive weight loss on perioperative complications after lumbar fusion surgery (LFS). Overview of Literature: Patients who are obese are more likely to experience low back pain, which would require LFS. Nonetheless, they have a higher risk of perioperative complication development compared with individuals who are not obese. Methods: Patients who underwent LFS at hospitals that participated in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database withi...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: American Journal of Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Andrew Stokes, Dielle J. Lundberg, Katherine Hempstead, Kaitlyn M. Berry, Joshua F. Baker, Samuel H. Preston
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
We present an up-to-date systematic review of the current literature regarding the safety in artificial and natural sweeteners use as a means of weight loss or diabetes control.Expert opinion: Natural sweeteners have not been associated directly with NAFLD, and on the contrary, some, such as stevia, and trehalose, may have a protective effect. Rare sugars and polyols can be used safely and have significant benefits that include anti-oxidant effect and optimal glycemic control. Artificial sweeteners, due to their effect on NAFLD development and insulin resistance, are not indicated in patients with obesity or diabetes. Furt...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study shows that ECE is a suitable dietary supplement candidate for the prevention or treatment of obesity or obesity-associated diseases, especially inflammation-related diseases. PMID: 32215011 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 68Author(s): Pinggui Wang, Xiang Gao, Yan Li, Shanglong Wang, Jia Yu, Yuxi Wei
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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