Glucagon Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonism Improves Nephrotoxic Serum Nephritis by Inhibiting T Cell Proliferation.

Glucagon Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonism Improves Nephrotoxic Serum Nephritis by Inhibiting T Cell Proliferation. Am J Pathol. 2019 Nov 21;: Authors: Moschovaki Filippidou F, Kirsch AH, Thelen M, Kétszeri M, Artinger K, Aringer I, Schabhüttl C, Mooslechner AA, Frauscher B, Pollheimer M, Niedrist T, Meinitzer A, Drucker DJ, Pieber TR, Eller P, Rosenkranz AR, Heinemann A, Eller K Abstract Glucagon like peptide (GLP)-1 analogs such as liraglutide improved albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes in large randomized controlled trials. One of the suspected mechanisms is the anti-inflammatory potential of GLP-1 receptor (Glp1r) agonism. Thus, we tested the anti-inflammatory action of Glp1r-agonism in a non-diabetic, T-cell-mediated murine model of nephrotoxic serum nephritis (NTS). The role of Glp1r in NTS was evaluated by using Glp1r-/- mice or C57BL/6 mice treated with liraglutide. In vitro, murine T cells were stimulated in the presence of liraglutide or vehicle. Glp1r-/- mice displayed increased renal infiltration of neutrophils and T cells after induction of NTS. Splenocyte proliferation and TH1 cytokine transcription were increased in spleen and lymph nodes of Glp1r-/-. Liraglutide treatment significantly improved the renal outcome of NTS in C57BL/6 mice by decreasing renal infiltration and proliferation of T cells, which resulted in decreased macrophage infiltration. In vitro, T cells stimulated in the presence of liraglutide showed decr...
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research

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Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
ConclusionLig exerts renoprotective functions in an animal model of DN mediated by antioxidant action, inhibition of apoptosis, anti-inflammatory action, reduction of renal fibrosis, reduction of the proliferation of mesangial cells, inhibition of endotheliosis, inhibition of atherosclerosis and promotion of renal autophagy. The positive conclusion should be treated cautiously because of various methodological flaws. Further studies are recommended according to ARRIVE guidelines. The method of modeling with high-dose STZ should be avoided and improved STZ modeling schemes are recommended. Considering the large dosage range...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion The elucidation of the function of circRNAs is an emerging field of science with a tremendous potential after previously being dismissed as RNA artifacts. They are ubiquitously expressed and thousands of members have already been identified. This fact only expands their potential to possibly enhance our knowledge to understand the difference between health and disease. Owing to their structure stability and their presence in exosomes circRNAs may also exert their function in an autocrine, paracrine and possible endocrine fashion. In addition, the fact that circRNAs are widely distributed in the cellular compart...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion As a critical regulator of inflammation and cell survival, the NFκB pathway is a promising target for diagnosing and treating kidney diseases. For modulation of the NFκB pathway in the clinic, a number of molecules can effectively inhibit NFκB signaling by targeting the receptors, associated adaptors, IKKs, IκBs and transcriptional regulators (144). There is further clinical evidence on small-molecule inhibitors of IKKα and NIK from recent trials on anti-cancer therapies (145). These clinical trials showed that the cancer-selective pharmacodynamic response of DTP3, the co-inhibitor...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was supported in part by the Projects: Redes Internacionales (REDI170651) (to AH and MI); Proyecto interno Universidad Autónoma de Chile (DIUA 134-2018) and by the Pilot Research Grant (PP-1805-30965) from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (to AH); Proyecto Genera-Autónoma N°UA 17-04 and FONDECYT de Inicio N° 11160592, CONICYT (to NE) and Proyecto Vicerrectoría de Investigación, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Puente P1802 (to CL). Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or fina...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The present study showed that crescentic glomerulonephritis is the commonest NDRD among diabetic patients. A higher level of proteinuria was reported among those with NDRD superimposed on DGS. So, Renal biopsy should be performed in diabetics when the clinical scenario is atypical. Ann Saudi Med 2009; 29(6): 450-453PMID: 19847082 DOI: 10.4103/0256-4947.57167
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: ISSUE 6 Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), leading to chronic kidney disease/end-stage renal disease. Wide spectrum of nondiabetic renal diseases (NDRD) is reported in type-2 diabetes (type-2 DM). We carried out this single-center study to find clinical, laboratory, and histological features of NDRD in type-2 DM patients and to assess the prevalence of NDRD in India. A single-center retrospective study which included analysis of renal biopsies from patients with type-2 DM, performed between January 2008 and September 2016. Biopsy findings were categorized into three group...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
AbstractA 54-year-old man diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and hyperthyroidism was prescribed propylthiouracil (PTU) after the patient developed hepatic dysfunction on thiamazole. At 50  mg/day of PTU, he was stable with thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor and thyrotropic antibody titers remaining stable. After four years of taking PTU, he was referred to the Department of Nephrology due to a rapid increase in his serum creatinine (Cr) level. He showed impaired renal function (Cr 2.26 mg/dL; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 25 mL/min). In addition, urinary β2-microglobulin (β2 MG) was in...
Source: CEN Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is associated with multiple extrahepatic manifestations that may impact infected patients. The mechanisms through which these develop include those which are immunological, in which the chronic persistence of virus leads to the circulation of immune complexes (mixed cryoglobulinemia) and other autoimmune phenomena, and those which are virological and related to the extrahepatic tropism of the virus to other tissues. It is estimated that 40–74 % of patients with CHC may develop at least one extrahepatic manifestation during the course of the disease. Extrahepatic syndro...
Source: Hepatology International - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 is an enzyme that cleaves and inactivates incretin hormones capable of stimulating insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. DPP-4 inhibitors are now widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Experimental studies have suggested a renoprotective role of DPP-4 inhibitors in various models of diabetic kidney disease, which may be independent of lowering blood glucose levels. In the present study, we examined the effect of DPP-4 inhibitors in the rat Thy-1 glomerulonephritis model, a nondiabetic glomerular injury model. Rats were injected with OX-7 (1.2 mg/kg iv) and treated with the ...
Source: AJP: Renal Physiology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
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