The Role of Social Isolation in the Relationships Between Psychosis and Suicidal Ideation

This study examined the relationships between hallucinations, delusions, depression, social isolation, and suicidal ideation. Participants were involved in the cross-sectional Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) including a large general population-based sample of households in the United States between 2001 and 2003. Participants (n  = 12,195) included adults over the age of 18 in the United States, all of whom completed a psychosis assessment. Hopelessness was measured using The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), hallucinations and delusions by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and social is olation by three PANSS items (keeping to self, feeling awkward in social settings, preferring to be alone), all at baseline. Data were analyzed in Mplus 8 using structural equation modeling. As hallucinations, delusions, and depression independently increased, on average there were associated increa ses in social isolation and the likelihood of experiencing suicidal ideation. Social isolation also related to greater suicidal ideation and ultimately functioned as a mediator. With suicide being a leading cause of death for individuals experiencing psychosis, the mediating role of social isolation in the relationships between hallucinations, delusions, depression, and suicidal ideation speaks towards the importance of social support and skills training as important treatment targets in practice.
Source: Clinical Social Work Journal - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
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Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
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Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: antipsychotics death Heidi Taipale hospitalization long-term use schizophrenia side effects suicide World Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
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Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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