Phage Transduction is Involved in the Intergeneric Spread of Antibiotic Resistance-Associated blaCTX-M, mel, and tetM Loci in Natural Populations of Some Human and Animal Bacterial Pathogens.

In this study, we examined the genome sequences of 2239 bacteriophages from different sources for the presence of ARGs. The identified ARG-carrying bacteriophages were then analyzed by PHACTS, PHAST, and HostPhinder programs to determine their lifestyles, genes coding for bacterial cell lysis, recombinases, and a spectrum of their potential host species, respectively. We employed the SplitsTree, RDP4 and SimPlot software packages in recombination tests to identify HGT events of ARGs between these bacteriophages and bacteria. In our analyses, some ARG-carrying bacteriophages exhibited temperate and/or polyvalent patterns. The bootstrap values (97-100) for the SplitsTree-generated parallelograms, fit values (97-100) for splits networks, Phi P values (
Source: Current Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Curr Microbiol Source Type: research

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Authors: Phuyal N, Jha PK, Raturi PP, Rajbhandary S Abstract Crude methanol extracts of fruits, seeds, and bark of Zanthoxylum armatum were investigated in vitro for antimicrobial activities against 9 different bacterial strains: Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysenteriae, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Staphylococcus epidermidis using agar well diffusion method, and the MBC values were determined. Only 5 bacteria, i.e., Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, MRSA, Staphylococcus aureus...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to identify and isolate lactic acid bacterial (LAB) strains from the intestinal tracts of pigs and feces of dogs and then characterize them as potential probiotics with antimicrobial activity against multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. In a preliminary isolation screening, 45 of 1167 isolated LAB strains were found to have anti-S. aureus ATCC 27,735 activity. Using 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (ISR) sequences, five of these isolates were further identified as Lactobacillus animalis 30a-2, Lactobacillus reuteri 4-12E, Weissella cibaria C34, Lactococcus lactis 5-12H,...
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract Infectious diarrheal diseases still account for high morbidity and mortality in the developing and underdeveloped countries. The present study was envisaged to document the etiology of bacterial enteropathogens in three tribal districts of Odisha from July, 2010 to September, 2013. A total of 1427 rectal swabs were collected and bacteriologically analyzed following standard procedure. Among 930 (65.2%) culture positive samples E.coli were 636 (44.6%), V.cholerae O1 were 146 (10.2%), Salmonella spp were 10 (0.7%), Shigella spp were 79 (5.5%) and Aeromonas spp were 59 (4.1%). From 729 Environmental Water sa...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Process BiochemistryAuthor(s): Prakashkumar Nallasamy, Thenmozhi Ramalingam, Nooruddin Thajuddin, Rajasree Shanmuganathan, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Suganthy NatarajanAbstractStarch is a natural, renewable biopolymer widely used in pharmaceutical industry for the controlled release of drugs and hormones. Triphala Churna (TC) a tridoshic rasayana, rich in polyphenols and vitamin C possess balancing and rejuvenating effect on three constitutional elements that govern the human life. To enhance the solubility and efficiency of the ayurvedic drug TC, attempts were made to...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 243Author(s): Samir Bouchareb, Rachida Doufnoune, Farid Riahi, Hafsa Cherif-Silini, Lassaad BelbahriAbstractGO-Ag nanohybrids have attracted tremendous attention thanks to their several potential properties. In this research work, a new approach was adopted, where Triphenylphosphine (PPh3) was used as a linkage to decorate the surface of Graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets by Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) via a simple method. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), X-ray diffraction ana...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
ConclusionAltogether, our data suggested that loxapine might suppress intracellular bacteria through inhibiting of bacterial efflux pumps. In light of its unique activity, loxapine represents a promising lead compound with translational potential for the development of a new antibacterial agent against intracellular bacteria.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Altogether, our data suggested that loxapine might suppress intracellular bacteria through inhibiting of bacterial efflux pumps. In light of its unique activity, loxapine represents a promising lead compound with translational potential for the development of a new antibacterial agent against intracellular bacteria. PMID: 31239204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research
Cosmeri Rizzato1, Javier Torres2, Elena Kasamatsu3, Margarita Camorlinga-Ponce2, Maria Mercedes Bravo4, Federico Canzian5 and Ikuko Kato6* 1Department of Translation Research and of New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy 2Unidad de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad Pediatría, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City, Mexico 3Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud, National University of Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay 4Grupo de Investigación en Biología del C&aacut...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion This study confirms the in vitro antibacterial activity of BIOCITRO® against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. For most of the strains, the product reached the bactericidal effect at the same concentration of the bacteriostatic effect and maximum difference between MIC and MBC was two dilution steps. The less susceptible species of the study were S. enterica ssp. enterica and E. coli with MBC90 values of 256 and 128 μg/mL, respectively, while the most susceptible was C. perfringens with MBC90 of 16 μg/mL. After short exposition time to the product, the significant effect over the viability of ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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