The Burden of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis among Japanese Children during Its Peak Months: an Internet Survey.

The Burden of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis among Japanese Children during Its Peak Months: an Internet Survey. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2013;66(4):269-75 Authors: Nakagomi T, Kato K, Tsutsumi H, Nakagomi O Abstract Rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) is one of the most common early childhood diseases; however, little information exists on the frequency of RVGE attacks during peak epidemic months and the subsequent clinical consequences in Japanese children. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide internet survey that targeted mothers whose children recently experienced an episode of RVGE or influenza from January 2011 to April 2011. Data concerning the incidence and clinical consequences of RVGE and influenza among 15,137 children aged
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Shoko Hara, Yoji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Ueda, Daisu Abe, Shihori Hayashi, Motoki Inaji, Taketoshi Maehara, Kenji Ishii, Tadashi NariaiAbstractIt is unclear whether the visual assessment of noninvasive arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging (ASL) can identify instances of hemodynamic compromise including an elevated oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) measured by 15O-gas positron emission tomography (PET). Here we evaluated the relationship between a four-point visual assessment system referred to as 'ASL scores' using AS...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: About one to five patients treated with URS developed an infectious complication and E. Faecalis and E. Coli were the most frequent pathogen isolated. A positive SC is the only independent risk factor for postoperative infection: consequently, an early SC analysis could allow a prompt antibiotic therapy in all patients with positive SC even if mildly symptomatic. PMID: 31833334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Taichi Sakaguchi, Tomohiro Mizuno, Masaaki Ryomoto, Naosumi Sekiya, Toshinori Totsugawa, Kentaro Tamura, Arudo Hiraoka, Hirokuni AraiProper positioning of the heart through a small left thoracotomy is the main challenge during off-pump minimally invasive cardiac coronary artery bypass grafting. Here we report a novel technique for target vessel exposure using the Tentacles NEO (Sumitomo Bakelite, Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) multisuction heart positioner, a device with 3 independent small suction cups that can be applied to various...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Naoki Tadokoro, Yosuke Inoue, Kenji Minatoya, Hitoshi MatsudaUtilization of the Gelweave Valsalva graft (Terumo Vascutek, Tokyo, Japan) for David-type valve-sparing aortic root replacement was still controversial because this prosthesis did not completely reproduce the native sinus of Valsalva. We focused on the morphology of pseudo-Valsalva sinus after the reimplantation procedure and evaluated our novel crimp plication stitch from the viewpoint of morphology of Valsalva sinus at midterm follow-up periods.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionFindings support the cross-cultural relevance of SDT while at the same time highlighting important cultural variations such as greater importance of competence support in the West, suggesting the need to be cognizant of both cross-cultural universality and variability in motivational theorizing.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The 2014 federal rescheduling of hydrocodone was associated with only minor changes in overall and potentially high-risk opioid-prescribing rates. Neither state variation in long-term prescribing nor beneficiary characteristics explained the changes in persistently high opioid-prescribing rates among adults with disabilities after the 2014 regulation. Future studies should examine patient and provider characteristics underlying the persistent high-risk prescribing patterns in this population. PMID: 31835012 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Commonly used imputation procedures produced estimates of the number of opioid-involved overdose deaths that are similar to the true number of opioid-involved overdose deaths obtained from toxicology data. Although future studies should examine whether these results extend beyond the geographic area covered in our data set, our findings support the continued use of these imputation procedures to quantify the extent of the opioid epidemic. PMID: 31835011 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Hallmann-Szelińska E, Łuniewska K, Szymański K, Kowalczyk D, Sałamatin R, Masny A, Brydak LB Abstract The World Health Organization estimates that influenza virus infects 3-5 million people worldwide every year, of whom 290,000 to 650,000 die. In the 2016/2017 epidemic season in Poland, the incidence of influenza was 1,692 per 100,000 population. The influenza A virus, subtype A/H3N2/, was the predominant one in that season. However, in the most recent 2017/2018 epidemic season, the incidence exceeded 1,782 per 100,000 already by August of 2018. In this season, influenza B virus predominated, while the...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
In this study, we isolated a wild-type FIPV HRB-17 epidemic strain from the blood sample of household pet cat exhibiting the characteristic wet-form FIP symptoms, which has been confirmed further by animal infection. Further, we developed an EvaGreen-based real-time RT-PCR assay for the accurate detection of FCoV based on the amplification of the highly conserved FIPV N gene. Then, using a combination of the real-time RT-PCR approach and a serum chemistry assay, we performed an epidemiological survey of FIPV infection in cats living in Harbin City, Northeast China. The results indicated that the EvaGreen-based real-time RT...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In this study, the CD48 gene of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, named On-CD48), was cloned from the head kidney of tilapia. The coding sequences is 654 bp and encoding 217 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of On-CD48 with an estimated molecular weight of 24.4 kDa and a theoretical pI of 5.03. Amino acid alignment indicated that it had two immunoglobulin-like domain conserved region. In healthy tilapia, the On-CD48 could be detected in all the examined tissues and the highest expression level in the spleen. The expression of On-CD48 in the spleen and head kidney was decreased after immunized by formalin-inactiv...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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