Dental anomaly pattern (DAP).

Dental anomaly pattern (DAP). Angle Orthod. 2013 Jul 24; Authors: Navarro J, Cavaller M, Luque E, Tobella ML, Rivera A Abstract Abstract Objective: To test the null hypotheses that children with unilateral agenesis of the mandibular second premolar (MnP2) do not show (1) greater distal angulation of the unerupted antimere and (2) delayed tooth formation compared with children without agenesis. Materials and Methods: Panoramic radiographs of 38 patients with unilateral aplasia of MnP2 were retrospectively examined and compared to a non-agenesic control group of 82 patients. Ages ranged from 8 to 15 years. Contralateral mandibular deciduous second molars were present for all participants. Each unerupted MnP2 was traced, and its developmental stage and angulation were recorded (measured with the distal angle and the premolar-molar angle). Dental age was evaluated using the Haavikko method. Student's t-test was performed to identify significant differences between the compared groups. The significance level for statistical testing was set at P
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe absorbed dose within all radiosensitive tissues varied considerably in relation to examination type, x-ray unit, clinical settings, and patient age. The mean doses were smaller when using 2 (bilateral) 4 × 4 cm volumes than with use of one 14 × 5 cm volume.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe computed SE helps defining SM, and it may differ between institutions. In our study, the calculated SM was approximately 8 mm in the Z-axis, 7 mm in X and Y axis for pelvic conformal radiotherapy.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Radiocapitellar arthrosis represents a serious sequela of pediatric elbow injuries. Although persistent pain and disability are not uncommon in such cases, treatment remains controversial. The present study aimed to review the clinical outcomes after a new surgical treatment with partial radial head resection and corium interposition arthroplasty. To date, 3 adolescent cases underwent the surgical procedure and postoperative care. Thorough clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed. The mean age at the time of surgery was 14.4 years (range, 13 to 16 y) and mean duration of follow-up was 19 months (range, 12 t...
Source: Techniques in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technique Source Type: research
This study aimed to identify clinical phenotypes based on clinical prognostic factors in patients with secondary hip OA using data from prospective cohort studies and to define the clinical features of each phenotype.MethodsFifty patients participated. Two-step cluster analysis was performed to identify the phenotypes using the following potential prognostic factors for hip OA progression: spinal inclination in standing, thoracolumbar spine mobility, daily cumulative hip moment, and minimum joint space width (JSW) at baseline. Comprehensive basic and clinical features (age, body mass index, hip pain, Harris hip score, JSW,...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In conclusion, reflected persistent hypophosphatasemia frequency was 1/1552 (0.06%) in this large pediatric cohort and,ALPL gene mutations were detected in 13.5% (5/37) of the studied cases. Although biochemical hypophosphatasemia is not uncommon, clinically significant HPP is rare.
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Ruipeng Zhang, Yingchao Yin, Shilun Li, Zhiyong Hou, Lin Jin, Yingze ZhangAbstractIntroductionThere has been great progress in surgical techniques for treating humeral shaft fractures over the past few decades. The purpose of this study was to compare the therapeutic effects of intramedullary nailing (IMN) and locking compression plate (LCP) for humeral shaft fractures (AO/OTA 12-A and B).HypothesisCompared with LCP, better therapeutic effects could be obtained with less invasive IMN.Materials and meth...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: The “extended tangential view” and the “sunrise view” improved one's ability to identify DRUJ screw breach and for directing screw repositioning over standard views. We recommend the “sunrise” and “extended tangential” view be obtained intraoperatively to help guide clinical decision-making. Although the “extended tangential view” is more easily obtained with a mini c-arm than the “sunrise view,” both views should be considered to fully evaluate the DRUJ joint. Clinical Relevance: Both the “extended tangential” and “...
Source: Techniques in Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Technical Articles Source Type: research
We report a case series consisting of six patients who underwent a general anesthetic at a tertiary referral hospital and experienced FNSD in the immediate post-anesthetic period. Life-threatening causes were excluded based on benign physical exam findings and knowledge of past history. Five of six cases manifested with FNSD only in the immediate post-operative setting after exposure to anesthesia, and never otherwise experienced these symptoms during their normal daily lives. MEDLINE and Google Scholar were searched through October 2019 using a highly-sensitive search strategy and identified 38 published cases of post-ane...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first report of a PXA patient receiving therapy with BRAF MEKi and an autophagy inhibitor with prolonged stable disease. This patient highlights the importance of a molecular interrogation in gliomas to provide an integrated diagnosis and effective treatment. This may be useful in up to 3% of glioma patients withBRAF mutations. Molecular testing in neuro-oncology is providing new avenues of diagnosis and treatment, and detailed molecular interrogation should be considered routine.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Radial head arthroplasty with a monoblock UHMW-PE RHP is safe and effective at short-term follow-up for treating acute unreconstructable radial head fractures with satisfactory functional and radiographic outcomes. Level of Evidence: Level IV.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Special Focus: Trauma Source Type: research
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